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Too Many to Remember: Tips to Revive Your Ortho / Neuro Test Skills
When I was at Palmer in the mid-1980s, we were given a set of notes in one of our diagnostic courses. The notes covered approximately 70 orthopedic and neurological tests for various regions of the body.
The Modern Application of Ancient Mei Rong
Chinese Medical Cosmetology (Mei Rong) has a well-documented and venerated history dating back to the Qin (221-206 BC) Dynasty.
Making Sense of an Increasingly Obvious Conclusion
Where's U.S. health care heading? Like it or not, the list of telltale signs is growing to a point that stands out to even the most myopic observer. Consider this list of facts as you look into the future of health care in the United States:
Diagnose Sprain Injuries in MVA Cases With Dynamic X-Rays (Pt. 1)
Am I the only person to notice hospitals are doing a seemingly insufficient job lately in their initial radiological workup of motor vehicle accident (MVA) victims?
Which Way is the Energy Going? Are You Burning Yourself Out?
One of the simple methods that I use to define Yin/Yang theory to patients is to ask the question, "Which way is your energy going?"
Born to Energize the Human Spirit: Recollections of Sig Miller
Sig Miller, longtime executive director of the Association of New Jersey Chiropractors (ANJC), passed away on Sept. 17 after a long battle with cancer.
Designing a Fitness Plan (Part 1)
It doesn't matter if you come to my practice for pain relief, weight loss, healthy aging or something else. The formula I talk about for each patient's fitness strategy is pretty much the same.
Pro-Con: Swaddling for Newborns
The practice of swaddling has been used for thousands of years and was popular until the 1700s, when it was slowly abandoned by many cultures that considered it old-fashioned or barbaric.
Tailor-Made Knee Pain: The Sartorius Muscle
A patient was referred to my office after receiving treatment from various providers with no results. The patient was training for the Olympics as a marathon runner and was unable to run or walk without severe medial knee pain.
Syncretism: Acupuncture and Public Health in Cuba
"Syncretism" is defined as a union of diverse tenets or practices. On a recent trip to Cuba designed to demonstrate the integration of Traditional Medicine and biomedicine, our group witnessed this union firsthand.
Footsteps of the Sages: An Apprenticeship with Dr. Kezhan Zhang
When I met Dr. Kezhen Zhang in May 2013, I was his translator and the integrity, creativity, and passion he demonstrated as a practitioner and advocate of the medicine convinced me to travel to Beijing to study with him.
Dietary Fat and Prostate Cancer: An Important Update
K.M. Di Sebastiano and M. Mourtzakis published a review paper examining the role of dietary fat on prostate cancer development and progression late last year that does a stellar job of summarizing the available data on fat and prostate cancer.
The Concussion-Subluxation Complex
In the Aug. 1, 2014 issue of Dynamic Chiropractic, I reviewed some of the literature demonstrating the role of the chiropractic adjustment in post-concussive care.
Targeting the Bad Apples in the Bunch
While everyone was focused on the conversion to ICD-10, the Office of Inspector General for Health and Human Services released a new report on chiropractic titled "CMS Should Use Targeted Tactics to Curb Questionable and Inappropriate Payments for Chiropractic Services."
It's Time to Review
It is amazing to see the changes that are occurring in the acupuncture profession. Let's look at some of the news and events that have contributed to this growth and awareness.
Your Billing Questions Answered
I hear a lot of the following questions: I am afraid I may doing something illegal. I have heard I cannot have different fees for the same service.
Chinese Herbs and Pulmonary Fibrosis: A Case Study
"Mary M."* recently celebrated her 90th birthday. Even the former sheriff dropped by to kiss the hand of this diminutive retired teacher, to honor the years she interpreted for him during interviews with Latinas and Latinos.
Mechanism: Experimental Approaches to Understanding Acupuncture, Part 1
The clinical benefits of acupuncture are difficult to ignore, but also can be difficult to explain to a Western audience. For nearly 50 years, relentlessly inquisitive scientists and physicians have been working toward a conceptual model to explain acupuncture.
North Carolina Acupuncture Board Files Dry Needling Lawsuit
In early September, the NCALB filed a complaint against the North Carolina Board of Physical Therapy Examiners over the issue of dry needling, a form of acupuncture that uses solid needles to puncture the skin and muscle tissue to relieve pain.
Omega-3 Fish Oil: An Underappreciated Element of Men's Health
As a clinician with many male patients -- and as a man myself -- I am all too aware of the fact that we like to convince ourselves that we are doing great, when that may be the farthest thing from the truth.
Acupuncture Rising: From Acupuncture Anesthesia to Assisted-IVF, Part 2
Acupuncture's cultural and historical roots go back to the emergence of Chinese civilization. For more than 2,000 years, acupuncture needling has been continuously practiced on the largest population in the world.
One Size Does Not Fit All: Exercise and Nutrition According to Your Yin/Yang Body Type
There are countless new exercise and nutrition plans out there, emphasizing the latest ground-breaking research and claiming to revolutionize the way we view health.
F4CP Making a High-Impact Impression
The Foundation for Chiropractic Progress has released details of its 2016 strategy, certain elements of which are already in play. The strategy includes ads, posters and other resources available to all F4CP members.
December, 2004, Vol. 04, Issue 12
An Accreditation Quagmire
By Cliff Korn, BS, LMT, NCTMB
In September, Massage Today featured an article concerning the Department of Education's approval of the National Accrediting Commission of Cosmetology Arts and Sciences (NACCAS) to accredit massage programs in post secondary schools (www.massagetoday.com/archives/2004/09/01.html).
Two years ago, when NACCAS was still petitioning for approval as a massage accrediting entity, I wrote an editorial expressing my generally negative opinions (www.massagetoday.com/archives/2002/11/11.html).
Since this month's issue features several "point-counterpoint" pieces on accreditation in general (see front page), I revisited some of my thoughts.I hope you read these articles carefully because they express some poignant but divergent thoughts on this complex issue that will impact the future of massage therapy as we know it.
Two years ago I wrote, "I am all for ubiquitous accreditation of massage schools. I think it would solve a multitude of sins, including easing the job of massage therapy regulation and reverting national certification to the voluntary credential it was designed to provide. However, I do think massage school accreditation should have a programmatic theme, with massage therapy taught by massage therapists as a core requirement."
While I still agree with that statement in theory, I now question the practicality of seeing it happen in the near term.
In keeping with "theory," I submit that the quality of education and ultimate competence of a graduating massage therapist should not be affected by the accrediting body. If approved by the Department of Education, one must assume that the same standards are applied to the approval of one entity as to all. Since a standard is a constant against which all models are judged, it makes no logical sense that one accrediting entity should provide superior criteria to the commonly accepted ones of a competitor. If this theory could be proven true, it then would make no difference at all who accredits as long as the standards remain constant.
Thus, it seems to me that the correct question for now is not the "who" of accreditation, but the "why" of accreditation. In the world of academia a degree from an unaccredited institution is less than worthless. (The term "match book diploma" is used to show the disdain. I'm sure you get as much spam as I do from purveyors of "degrees by mail," who promise you can be an ND, PhD, or other postgraduate-degreed person by submitting life experience and a healthy check.)
Massage therapy has never traditionally required a degree, however, and therefore falls out of the academic realm; it has historically fit into the craft or trade school model. Massage therapy has also shown itself to be a profession where one can succeed through mentoring and apprenticeship. This longstanding route into the field is still used and is one of the primary reasons that the National Certification Board for Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork (NCBTMB) has a portfolio review process as an alternate method of determining eligibility. If there was an accreditation requirement for every massage-education program, it is doubtful that this portfolio review process would remain a method of determining equivalency to massage school graduation.
So what, then, are the pros and cons of mandated massage school accreditation? Who has the potential to benefit and who doesn't? Certainly, massage therapists relocating to other states could benefit. I feel it is highly likely that ubiquitous accreditation would enable ease of license reciprocity from state to state. Massage boards would know that the transcript a candidate for licensure had from a distant state was equivalent to a transcript from the home state. The massage boards themselves could also benefit, as they wouldn't have to generate their own educational eligibility criteria or use criteria developed by NCBTMB, NCCAOM, or other outside credentialing bodies. It is likely that those who employ massage therapists might also benefit.
The largest single massage therapist employer group is the spa industry, which is forced to spend large amounts of time and money training massage therapists to integrate into spa therapists. As ubiquitous accreditation would frequently increase the hours of massage education needed to graduate, it is most likely that more schools would have additional curriculum elements to fulfill those needs. An argument for the public benefit is that the basic knowledge of therapists everywhere would be similar; therefore, equivalent levels of care would be available equally all over the country.
The potential exists for the schools to benefit from accreditation as they would become a much more significant force in the industry. Their impact and voice could approach the power that accredited chiropractic and naturopathic colleges now have in the realm of integrated health and wellness. Finally, the accrediting bodies themselves would certainly benefit, as that is how they generate their longevity and cash flow.
Opposing arguments also abound. Individual therapists may be adversely affected by having to pay more money to enter the profession, as costs to attend an accredited school could be higher. Schools have the potential to see reduced enrollments due to the higher tuitions they would likely need to charge to cover costs of added curricula and more stringent teacher criteria.
The professional massage associations could lose clout as the voices of accrediting bodies and schools overtake their influence. The NCBTMB would potentially lose its desirability as a front-end hurdle for state licensure. The public could theoretically lose as the tougher entry requirements into the field may actually reduce the number of therapists available to choose from.
So, for me, the jury is out on the overall benefit of ubiquitous massage school accreditation. Logic tells me that accreditation makes education better. I have had that logic bubble punctured by a recent discussion with a good friend and school owner who, at the tip of his tongue, was able to generate a long list of examples why accreditation does not always mean enhanced education or a better school. They were not knee-jerk responses to a perceived threat, but thought-out, concrete examples of accredited institutions that regularly turn out less-qualified therapists than other schools, and ones who have not had their educational ability affected other than to increase their costs. I heard his arguments and agree with his examples but still feel that industry-wide we would have better educated therapists if accreditation were the norm.
I ponder the paradigm shift that would evidence itself though, due to the higher costs. Fewer people would likely take advantage of massage as a part-time opportunity to make additional income from home-based businesses. I don't need to check the surveys and studies to know that a significant portion of working therapists do not use massage as their primary income source. Would one impact of ubiquitous accreditation be that the demographics of the profession would shift to only careerists? Would that be good or bad? Hmmmm...
At present I support massage schools going for accreditation, but I'm pretty pleased that it is a voluntary process.
What do you think?
Massage Today encourages letters to the editor to discuss matters related to the publication's content. Letters may be published in a future issue or online. Please send all correspondence by e-mail to , or via regular mail to:
Former editor of Massage Today, Cliff is owner of Windham Health Center Neuromuscular Therapy LLC. He is nationally certified in therapeutic massage & bodywork and is licensed as a massage therapist by the states of New Hampshire and Florida. Cliff is a member of the International Association of Healthcare Practitioners; a professional member and past president of the New Hampshire chapter of the American Massage Therapy Association; a certified member of the Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals, Inc.; and a past chairman of the board of directors of the National Certification Board for Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork.
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