resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
Let's Talk About Biceps Injuries at the Elbow
While most muscles cross over only one joint, the biceps crosses two joints: the elbow and the shoulder. Injuries to the lower biceps cause considerable elbow pain. Here's how to assess and treat an injury to this area conservatively.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
Code Connection: Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
December, 2004, Vol. 04, Issue 12
An Accreditation Quagmire
By Cliff Korn, BS, LMT, NCTMB
In September, Massage Today featured an article concerning the Department of Education's approval of the National Accrediting Commission of Cosmetology Arts and Sciences (NACCAS) to accredit massage programs in post secondary schools (www.massagetoday.com/archives/2004/09/01.html).
Two years ago, when NACCAS was still petitioning for approval as a massage accrediting entity, I wrote an editorial expressing my generally negative opinions (www.massagetoday.com/archives/2002/11/11.html).
Since this month's issue features several "point-counterpoint" pieces on accreditation in general (see front page), I revisited some of my thoughts.I hope you read these articles carefully because they express some poignant but divergent thoughts on this complex issue that will impact the future of massage therapy as we know it.
Two years ago I wrote, "I am all for ubiquitous accreditation of massage schools. I think it would solve a multitude of sins, including easing the job of massage therapy regulation and reverting national certification to the voluntary credential it was designed to provide. However, I do think massage school accreditation should have a programmatic theme, with massage therapy taught by massage therapists as a core requirement."
While I still agree with that statement in theory, I now question the practicality of seeing it happen in the near term.
In keeping with "theory," I submit that the quality of education and ultimate competence of a graduating massage therapist should not be affected by the accrediting body. If approved by the Department of Education, one must assume that the same standards are applied to the approval of one entity as to all. Since a standard is a constant against which all models are judged, it makes no logical sense that one accrediting entity should provide superior criteria to the commonly accepted ones of a competitor. If this theory could be proven true, it then would make no difference at all who accredits as long as the standards remain constant.
Thus, it seems to me that the correct question for now is not the "who" of accreditation, but the "why" of accreditation. In the world of academia a degree from an unaccredited institution is less than worthless. (The term "match book diploma" is used to show the disdain. I'm sure you get as much spam as I do from purveyors of "degrees by mail," who promise you can be an ND, PhD, or other postgraduate-degreed person by submitting life experience and a healthy check.)
Massage therapy has never traditionally required a degree, however, and therefore falls out of the academic realm; it has historically fit into the craft or trade school model. Massage therapy has also shown itself to be a profession where one can succeed through mentoring and apprenticeship. This longstanding route into the field is still used and is one of the primary reasons that the National Certification Board for Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork (NCBTMB) has a portfolio review process as an alternate method of determining eligibility. If there was an accreditation requirement for every massage-education program, it is doubtful that this portfolio review process would remain a method of determining equivalency to massage school graduation.
So what, then, are the pros and cons of mandated massage school accreditation? Who has the potential to benefit and who doesn't? Certainly, massage therapists relocating to other states could benefit. I feel it is highly likely that ubiquitous accreditation would enable ease of license reciprocity from state to state. Massage boards would know that the transcript a candidate for licensure had from a distant state was equivalent to a transcript from the home state. The massage boards themselves could also benefit, as they wouldn't have to generate their own educational eligibility criteria or use criteria developed by NCBTMB, NCCAOM, or other outside credentialing bodies. It is likely that those who employ massage therapists might also benefit.
The largest single massage therapist employer group is the spa industry, which is forced to spend large amounts of time and money training massage therapists to integrate into spa therapists. As ubiquitous accreditation would frequently increase the hours of massage education needed to graduate, it is most likely that more schools would have additional curriculum elements to fulfill those needs. An argument for the public benefit is that the basic knowledge of therapists everywhere would be similar; therefore, equivalent levels of care would be available equally all over the country.
The potential exists for the schools to benefit from accreditation as they would become a much more significant force in the industry. Their impact and voice could approach the power that accredited chiropractic and naturopathic colleges now have in the realm of integrated health and wellness. Finally, the accrediting bodies themselves would certainly benefit, as that is how they generate their longevity and cash flow.
Opposing arguments also abound. Individual therapists may be adversely affected by having to pay more money to enter the profession, as costs to attend an accredited school could be higher. Schools have the potential to see reduced enrollments due to the higher tuitions they would likely need to charge to cover costs of added curricula and more stringent teacher criteria.
The professional massage associations could lose clout as the voices of accrediting bodies and schools overtake their influence. The NCBTMB would potentially lose its desirability as a front-end hurdle for state licensure. The public could theoretically lose as the tougher entry requirements into the field may actually reduce the number of therapists available to choose from.
So, for me, the jury is out on the overall benefit of ubiquitous massage school accreditation. Logic tells me that accreditation makes education better. I have had that logic bubble punctured by a recent discussion with a good friend and school owner who, at the tip of his tongue, was able to generate a long list of examples why accreditation does not always mean enhanced education or a better school. They were not knee-jerk responses to a perceived threat, but thought-out, concrete examples of accredited institutions that regularly turn out less-qualified therapists than other schools, and ones who have not had their educational ability affected other than to increase their costs. I heard his arguments and agree with his examples but still feel that industry-wide we would have better educated therapists if accreditation were the norm.
I ponder the paradigm shift that would evidence itself though, due to the higher costs. Fewer people would likely take advantage of massage as a part-time opportunity to make additional income from home-based businesses. I don't need to check the surveys and studies to know that a significant portion of working therapists do not use massage as their primary income source. Would one impact of ubiquitous accreditation be that the demographics of the profession would shift to only careerists? Would that be good or bad? Hmmmm...
At present I support massage schools going for accreditation, but I'm pretty pleased that it is a voluntary process.
What do you think?
Massage Today encourages letters to the editor to discuss matters related to the publication's content. Letters may be published in a future issue or online. Please send all correspondence by e-mail to , or via regular mail to:
Former editor of Massage Today, Cliff is owner of Windham Health Center Neuromuscular Therapy LLC. He is nationally certified in therapeutic massage & bodywork and is licensed as a massage therapist by the states of New Hampshire and Florida. Cliff is a member of the International Association of Healthcare Practitioners; a professional member and past president of the New Hampshire chapter of the American Massage Therapy Association; a certified member of the Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals, Inc.; and a past chairman of the board of directors of the National Certification Board for Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork.
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