resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
December, 2004, Vol. 04, Issue 12
By Keith Eric Grant, PhD, NCTMB
Staring into crystal balls to discern future trends is more often than not like starting Monday morning without downing a stiff swig of fresh brewed coffee after a fiercely active weekend - mostly an experience of perceiving fog.Still, every now and again, the clouds shift and a few shapes become perceptible. As the nights become longer and cooler (yes, even in central California), and the streetlights glow through the dark and mist, it seems a suitable time to ponder shapes faintly seen ahead.
Massage is rapidly paddling into the mainstream of culture, but few appear to have looked far downstream. It's not so much that there are rapids ahead, as the character of the river is changing as we emerge from the secluded canyon in which we've been both hidden and sheltered. I've recently been looking at massage education statistics for California. One such statistic shows that since the beginning of 2002, there have been half as many career colleges adding massage training to their programs, as there have been startups of dedicated massage schools. Career college programs were only about one-third of all non-degree programs prior to 2002 and have increased by 75 percent since the beginning of 2002. From the hour-distribution of new entry programs (Table 1), it also seems that new massage schools and new career college programs are targeting different student populations.
Relatively few stand-alone massage schools in California are accredited and tapping into federally sponsored financial aid. Instead, the vast majority of such schools in California glean their financial solvency by targeting pay-as-you-go students - students often making mid-career transitions.4 One reason for this is simple: many programs are shorter than the federal financial aid minimums of 600 hours for loans 2 and 720 hours for Pell grants.2,3
The U.S. Department of Education approves agencies that accredit schools because accreditation is a big part of the gate-keeping on financial aid. To assure their stability, schools applying for accreditation must have been in existence for more than two years. Stand-alone massage schools tend to be accredited by program, while colleges tend to be school accredited. Because of the two-year rule, accreditation by school rather than by program can be a significant competitive advantage, particularly if graduation from an accredited school is required for licensing. Career colleges tend to be veteran players in the financial aid and accreditation end of the marketplace, and have now spotted massage training as an attractive market. As Ralph Stephens exclaimed in his July column, "We've made it!"
The academic college community, both public and private, is another new training provider with growth potential. Both career and educational colleges can leverage support for courses over multiple health care professions. They can provide a broader choice of electives, including courses in small business management, communications, and psychology that are synergist to successful practice. Colleges often have media departments to help with developing presentation materials and with moving parts of traditionally lecture-based courses online. Colleges can also wrap associate degree programs around certificate programs, providing greater educational portability and more career flexibility.
Community colleges often benefit from state support motivated by effective workforce development. Here in central California, the program at De Anza Community College, initiated in the early 1990s by Jeffrey Forman, provides an example of two-certificate programs leading potentially into an associate's degree.5
The competitive exclusion principle of ecology states that two species that compete for the same resources cannot stably coexist. One of the two competitors will always have an ever so slight advantage that eventually leads to extinction of the other. Survival strategies for both species and businesses include finding a niche that avoids head-on competition, gaining the upper hand via internal efficiencies8 and making use of spatial heterogeneities to find a local advantage.6
In California, a large diversity of massage schools (over 200) has managed to survive together via these strategies. Local regulations have differed from place to place, even within the same region, and schools have found different training niches and targeted different student markets with different length programs.
One aspect of most licensing legislation and something many of us in California are trying to avoid, has been to force all schools, stand-alone, career, and college, uniformly into the same educational hour-requirement niche.
Texas, one of the holdouts in this rush, seems about to join the crowd, judging by last month's article in Massage Today (www.massagetoday.com/archives/2004/11/04.html). The Texas Association of Massage Therapists (TAMT) seems not to discern the difference between state regulation that does not require a program to be more than 300 hours, and regulation that forbids it to be longer. Massage schools in Texas could get more change than they anticipate.
Ultimately, the career schools and community colleges, now that they have found the market, will seem likely to grow to dominate the market from 600 hours upward. Just as Southwest and Jet Blue have redefined profitability for airlines, careers schools and colleges may do so for massage training. Nature has a path of ecological succession after a forest fire, with initial grasses and herbs giving way to shrubs, giving way to different stages of trees.9
Stand-alone massage schools and the Commission on Massage Therapy Accreditation's (COMTA) focus on them may be part of the "shrub phase" of succession in massage education. Current massage-only schools, could well need to either broaden their offerings or create partnerships with colleges, teaching under the latter's school-accredited umbrellas.
For the individual practitioner, heavy reliance on financial aid implies that most will enter practice with a significant debt burden. Needing to pay down loans will likely impel recent graduates into jobs at spas and health clubs rather than the riskier entrepreneurship of trying to start a sole practice. Over the next decade, it's likely that massage training will become much more like any other career training, partly from new competitors and partly from uniformity created by legislation.
The challenge comes in guiding this natural succession to give students full worth. The emphasis should be on outcomes carried into practice rather than simply hours on the meter.7 Such outcomes are not just limited to technique, but include the interpersonal relationship facets of our massage profession.10
Editor's note: Due to the transient nature of the Internet, some links may not be operational.
Click here for previous articles by Keith Eric Grant, PhD, NCTMB.
Join the conversation
Comments are encouraged, but you must follow our User Agreementcomments powered by Disqus
Keep it civil and stay on topic. No profanity, vulgar, racist or hateful comments or personal attacks. Anyone who chooses to exercise poor judgement will be blocked. By posting your comment, you agree to allow MPA Media the right to republish your name and comment in additional MPA Media publications without any notification or payment.