resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Using the Lens of Chinese Medicine
One of the most common medications I see in clinical practice on a daily basis is fluoxetine or Prozac. Consequently, I hear many complaints concerning the side effects of this medication and am frequently asked by patients to help manage these side effects with acupuncture and Chinese medicine.
Upgrade to "Parker 2.0" in Las Vegas
Continuing your education and refining your practice: two key elements of a successful chiropractic career. Parker Seminars promises both as it celebrates its 65th anniversary in Las Vegas next February, according to Parker University President, Dr. William Morgan, and seminar consultant Dr. Mark Sanna.
Pediatric Asthma: A Case Study
I have had very good success with pediatric asthma, combining acupuncture with Chinese herbal products. Treatment is given over four to eight months, twice monthly, with herbal formulas rotated every month.
Six Things Every DC Should Know About the Zika Virus
The Zika outbreak continues to spread across the continental United States and U.S. territories. We offer this brief overview on this important public health problem for the practicing doctor of chiropractic.
Decoding the Mystery of Medical Insurance Acceptance
In the constantly evolving profession of acupuncture, one of the least understood areas is medical insurance acceptance. The profession is filled with controversy surrounding this topic: Is it ethical?
National Board Apologizes for Testing Issues
The National Board of Chiropractic Examiners (NBCE) has issued a formal apology following a series of computer-based testing malfunctions that impacted two separate examinations (March and June 2016) and caused "widespread confusion and frustration" to the nearly 1,500 examinees taking the tests.
Getting Paid by Medicare Is Getting a Major Adjustment
The 2015 Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) was signed into law to implement a new approach to clinician payments and replace the Sustainable Growth Rate formula.
Workers' Back Pain: Causes, Costs & Solution
You will want to share two important papers published in the past several months. Why? When read separately, each provides valuable information relevant to your patients, community and practice; together, they tell a compelling story.
First Annual ICD-10 Updates Take Effect
Yes, there was an update to ICD-10 codes on Oct. 1. It was a regular update to the diagnosis coding system and will take place every Oct. 1, just as it did when the ICD-9 system was in place.
Treating Peripheral Neuropathy: Multi-Faceted Approach Including Laser Therapy
Peripheral neuropathy affects at least 20 million people in the United States1 and nearly 60 percent of all people with diabetes suffer from diabetic neuropathy. Many suffer from the disorder without ever identifying the cause.
Update from the International AIDS Conference
The 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa, brought together more than 15,000 of the world's leading scientists, activists, funders, policy makers, and consumers from 153 countries.
ITB Syndrome: Treat the Tensor Fascia Latae
Iliotibial band syndrome is usually the result of repetitive knee flexion, such as in runners or cyclists. Pain may be experienced in the knee and/or the hip. The patient may express a sense of the hip dislocating, popping or snapping.
Pediatric Footwear: Function Over Fashion
As practitioners, it is not uncommon for parents to bring us their children to treat or ask us questions related to the pediatric population. Children's feet tend to be a perplexing region for parents and practitioners alike.
Natural Cancer Prevention: Pomegranate for the Prostate
In recent years, the ingestion of pure pomegranate juice (8 ounces per day) has been shown in clinical studies with human subjects to slow, and to some degree, reverse, the progression of prostate cancer – the second leading cause of cancer death in North American men.
Power to the Patient
Against a backdrop of splintered political parties, polarizations within nations, civil unrest, and distrust of established government (such as the growing anti-Washington, D.C. sentiment) comes the not-so-surprising finding that health care authorities and practitioners (with perhaps the exception of insurers) are turning over more and more powers to the individual patient.
Going Beyond Just Feeling Good
We all know that most patients come to us for some pain complaint: neck pain, back pain, sciatica, carpal tunnel, etc. We also all know that acupuncture is a great first-line care for these issues, as well as supporting overall health and wellness.
U.S. Olympians Have a DC in Their Corner
It's probably old news to you that doctors of chiropractic play an increasingly prominent role in treating athletes, from youth sports participants to weekend warriors, to elite / professional competitors.
Four Ways to Attract Patients
Acupuncturist A has been in practice for six years and has struggled since day one. She spends as much time and money on marketing as she can, but since her practice is slow, her budget isn't that big.
Integrative Cancer Care: Chiropractic for Chemotherapy-Induced Hiccups
Hiccups (singultus) are a frequent occurrence during cancer treatment. The cause of the hiccups may be the chemotherapy drug itself, such as Cisplatin; or the prophylactic use of corticosteroids such as Decadron, which is used to prevent nausea and/or vomiting.
Treatment Success at the Won Institute
According to the World Health Organization's 2003 report titled, "Acupuncture: Review and Analysis of Controlled Clinical Trials," acupuncture has been shown to improve many physical, emotional, and mental conditions.
November, 2004, Vol. 04, Issue 11
Myoskeletal ... Machinery of Life?
By Erik Dalton, PhD
The human body is not a machine; indeed, it is very plastic. This plasticity is what gives a dancer grace and an athlete power of movement. Like a machine, however, the body is comprised of many parts - each working for the benefit of the others.Smooth functioning of each part is required for the optimal efficiency and well-being of the entire organism. Proper functioning requires structural balance of all myoskeletal tissues forming from the mesoderm: ligaments, fasciae, muscles, joint capsules, intervertebral discs, bones, etc. This article discusses the mysterious beauty of the body's self-regulatory mechanisms and the reciprocal nature of structure and function.
For the body to sail smoothly through life, it must have a way of repairing, regulating and protecting itself. Unlike a machine, the human body has self-regulatory mechanisms that allow it to adjust to environmental stresses while maintaining homeostasis in all systems: myofascial, skeletal, nervous, circulatory, endocrine, etc. These mechanisms attempt to keep the body in balance regardless of what works upon it or what happens around it; thus, the human body has built-in devices to protect it from disease and other outside forces that may jeopardize its health. It has the ability to produce specific antibodies after exposure to an antigen through a process called active immunity. Through complex interactions, the body is able to detoxify ingested, absorbed, inhaled or injected drugs, and foreign substances. Likewise, when physical injury occurs, local myofascial structures tighten (protective muscle spasm) allowing the body to compensate and continue on its journey safely, healthfully and productively. Regrettably, the compensations often spread and are soon reflected in every step we take.
So, the body is not a machine. It is a dynamic mechanism capable of continually repairing and replacing worn-out and injured cells. It works to heal dysfunctional joints and soft tissues, including visceral structures. D.D. Palmer, the father of chiropractic, once noted, "the body is always working toward order" in a process guided by an underlying "innate intelligence." Through years of acute observation, many manual therapists have become aware of this innate intelligence and learned to view the body itself as the primary healer, offering their hands and skills only as tools to assist the process.
From this perspective, the therapist's job - and ultimate intent - should be simply to guide the healing process. There is no need to control the process or force one's will upon it. Albert Einstein offers a beautiful summation, "All means prove a blunt instrument if they have not behind them a living spirit."
Structure and Function
An important guideline for all manual therapists specializing in pain management is to develop a basic understanding of the reciprocal interrelationship between structure and function. Simply stated, structure affects function; function affects structure. It is not necessary to look very deeply to see that functional demands require specific structures. A jet is cumbersome on the ground, and the wheelbarrow was not designed to fly. For the jet to function in the air, it needs wings, navigational instruments, rudders, and the like. Yet having that structure makes it perfectly suited for the function of flying, so structure also determines function.
The body's myoskeletal system was not designed to simply lug around 30 feet of intestines, 60 miles of blood vessels, the heart, lungs, sex organs, etc. It exists so people can accomplish tasks and effectively communicate physically and emotionally. The myoskeletal system should therefore be considered a major part of the "machinery of life." With this understanding, it can be said that there are neurological as well as myoskeletal components present in every dysfunction or disease, although all aspects may not be immediately obvious (e.g., with such conditions as fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome or visceral disorders). In fact, prolonged myoskeletal dysfunction will eventually "burn" a memory pattern within the central nervous system so that even after the initial irritating myoskeletal obstruction is removed, the original symptoms continue and may actually grow in severity.
When working from a structural model, the trained manual therapist is often able to identify and treat dysfunction in patients who have no symptoms and by some standards would be considered healthy; this is done by identifying strain patterns before they become pain patterns.
Structure and Function: The Relation to Gravity
When studying human structure, it becomes apparent that structure and function of the musculoligamentous system are particularly influenced by, and responsible for, static and dynamic postural alignment. Postural (tonic) muscles are structurally designed to resist fatigue and function in the presence of prolonged gravitational exposure, such as standing upright. When their capacity to resist stress is overwhelmed, tonic muscles become irritable, tight, and often shortened; through reciprocal innervation, their antagonists become weak and inhibited. As typically weak muscles, such as rectus abdominis, gluteals, deep neck flexors, and lower shoulder stabilizers, begin to loose the battle with gravity, weight is transferred to deep ligamentous and bony myoskeletal structures. The antigravity function of the body's myofascial system is lost.
This persistent gravitational loading ultimately results in the formation of predictable asymmetrical postural patterns in the neuromyoskeletal system. Dr. Ida Rolf made this relationship of structural alignment to gravity one of the keynotes of Rolfing, and it remains a definitive feature of all forms of structural integration.
A person's posture (structure) has much to do with the ability to perform efficiently. When the viscoelastic deformation properties of muscle are unable to resist postural stresses, predictable pathophysiologic changes occur. These changes are both functional and structural. The elastic component represents the transient functional change in connective-tissue length, occurring in response to stressors such as forward-head postures (i.e. Dowager's humps). The viscous component, on the other hand, is responsible for the more permanent deformation of connective tissue that occurs with static, long-term postural change as witnessed in the scoliotic population.
Musculoligamentous structures are easily recognized in clients exposed to prolonged gravitational stress. Symptoms arising from these common myofascial strain patterns have certain associated palpable characteristics that include the following:
Eventually, prolonged postural stress leads to predictable functional changes, such as a loss of flexibility, shallow breathing patterns, chronic fatigue, and digestive or hormonal disorders.
Therapists must learn to identify the subtle palpable changes and postural-pattern clues when assessing for neck, back and extremity pain. As myofascial structures undergo sustained changes in length and strength, new collagen realigns the connective tissues in response to vectors of stress. Often this process perpetuates postural problems by amplifying the biomechanical stress of gravity. Although these postural patterns are compensated, without proper manual therapy and home retraining exercises, they can easily de-compensate and quickly manifest as primary pain-generators.
Manual therapists often filter the results of the client's history, palpatory findings, and all other pertinent tests through a philosophic lens formed via the scientific scope of basic science and clinical experience. Impaired or altered function of the neuromyoskeletal system leads to stress and pain which may alter performance of internal organs, the hormonal system, and psychoimmunological functions. Fortunately, the body is not a machine and possesses the innate ability to heal - with a little help from friendly hands.
Click here for previous articles by Erik Dalton, PhD.
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