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Case Studies and Answer Analysis for NCCAOM Exam in Foundation of Oriental Medicine
Case studies are very common for acupuncture school students, either in class exams or during taking the national board exam. Most test takers feel they have no idea where they should start and how they should start to analyze those complicated cases.
Diet, Nutrition and the Context of Risk (Part 2): Food Poisoning
Other than the morbidity and mortality linked to eating too much food, "all-natural" organisms that contaminate our food cause more illness, more hospitalizations and more death than food contaminated by heavy metals, plastics, preservatives, artificial colors, emulsifiers, artificial sweeteners and pesticides combined.
Does Anyone Know You're a Good Chiropractor?
If you had a chance to read the recent article in Time magazine (April 6), you know it provided some good information about the efficacy of chiropractic to the magazine's substantial consumer audience.
Time for World-Wide Growth
Acupuncture is the organically growing around the world. The legislative body in Quatar has said acupuncture is "okay." The United States has five states to go to have every state recognized and regulated.
Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: The Latest Breakthroughs
There are now more than 29 million diabetics in the U.S. and 10% of them have Type 1. The incidence has been increasing in recent years at an epidemic rate.
What Should You Call Your Patients (and What Should They Call You)?
When I walked into the exam room, the new patient looked uneasy, fumbling with his cellphone. He was a huge Polynesian man, probably in his 40s, with unrecognizable island tattoos.
Five-Element Reaches Out to Serve the Community
In 2006, a student at the Institute of Taoist Education and Acupuncture (ITEA) approached the administration about an idea for his senior project.
How to Bill Evaluation and Management Codes
Q: I am in need for guidance on how to bill evaluation and management (E&M) codes in addition to acupuncture the same date of service, I have never been paid for an exam when done with acupuncture and I believe I am doing it wrong.
2016 Trudy McAlister Foundation AOM Scholars
This year, the Trudy McAlister Foundation (TMF) received a record number of excellent applications for the 2016 scholarship awards and has awarded five scholarships for $2000 each. More information is available on our website: AOMScholarship.org
The Liver: The Official of Planning
The Liver, with its paired Official, the Gall Bladder, belongs to the Element Wood within us. Wood grants us the power of birth – new beginnings, growth, breaking through boundaries and surging forward. It is the vigorous, exuberant energy of the spring season.
Chiropractic Needs a Lesson in Education
The American Chiropractic Association has launched a campaign, The National Medicare Equality Petition, to enact federal legislation that would achieve full physician status for DCs in Medicare.
Herbal Medicine Continues to Evolve
Product manufacturers, industry partners, distributors and practitioners work as a collective Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine (TCHM) community to produce high quality TCHM prescriptions that bring low-risk healthcare to thousands of patients everyday.
Acupuncture at a Pain Clinic
Introduction: Pain is the most comprehensive human experience. The experience of pain is associated with the somatic, emotional and social impact. Pain has not only somatic symptoms, but also psycho-social dimension, especially in case of chronic pain.
F4CP Campaign Addresses Public Misperceptions of Chiropractic
In late 2015, results of the Gallup-Palmer College of Chiropractic Inaugural Report: Americans' Perceptions of Chiropractic were published. The report found that 33.6 million U.S. adults (14 percent) had utilized chiropractic care within the previous 12 months.
We Get Letters & Email
Another Slap in the Face for DCs; I Know Where to Find the Missing Chiropractic Patients; Clarification on Vitamin D Study.
The Good, the Bad and the Successful in Social Marketing
You might be thinking, "social marketing, don't you mean social media?" No, I mean social marketing. Every day, I keep reading, hearing and learning more and more about the changes happening in social media.
Bring on the Bitters
Out of all the possible flavor choices with foods, such as sweet, sour, salty, and umami (deliciousness), which would you choose first? Bitter, though not as enjoyable, is also a flavor.
Introducing the Dynamic Chiropractic Digital Edition
In response to the changing habits of our readers, Dynamic Chiropractic is proud to introduce a digital edition of the publication beginning with the July 2016 issue.
Who is Your Ideal Patient?
Being in a healthcare practice requires you to think critically about many things including your equipment, techniques, documentation, financial goals, and the retention of clients and staff.
Day in the Life of an Advanced- Practice DC (Pt. 2)
Let's continue our Q&A with Stephen Perlstein, DC, APC, chair of the New Mexico Chiropractic Association PAC and president of the American Academy of Chiropractic Physicians. Part 1 of this interview appeared in the May 1 issue.
The Effectiveness of Chinese Medicine in Treating Infertility in the Philippines
Infertility is defined as the inability to achieve a successful pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected intercourse.
Are Herbs Useful for Chronic Pain?
The human nervous system is what makes us special, but our greatest strength also makes us vulnerable: witness the growing incidence of chronic addictions, anxiety, depression, sleep disorders and chronic pain syndromes.
Immunotherapy: Where Molecular Medicine Crosses Into Holistic Thinking
Immunotherapy, and its promise as a cancer treatment, has been in the news a lot in the last few years, and for good reason. Real shifts are happening in oncology and exciting researchers, clinicians, and patients.
The Eight Extraordinary Confluent Points
The eight extraordinary confluent points are a very popular set of acupuncture points in the modern practice of acupuncture. They are also called the intersection, meeting, command, opening, master, and the flowing and pooling points of the eight extraordinary vessels.
November, 2004, Vol. 04, Issue 11
Myoskeletal ... Machinery of Life?
By Erik Dalton, PhD
The human body is not a machine; indeed, it is very plastic. This plasticity is what gives a dancer grace and an athlete power of movement. Like a machine, however, the body is comprised of many parts - each working for the benefit of the others.Smooth functioning of each part is required for the optimal efficiency and well-being of the entire organism. Proper functioning requires structural balance of all myoskeletal tissues forming from the mesoderm: ligaments, fasciae, muscles, joint capsules, intervertebral discs, bones, etc. This article discusses the mysterious beauty of the body's self-regulatory mechanisms and the reciprocal nature of structure and function.
For the body to sail smoothly through life, it must have a way of repairing, regulating and protecting itself. Unlike a machine, the human body has self-regulatory mechanisms that allow it to adjust to environmental stresses while maintaining homeostasis in all systems: myofascial, skeletal, nervous, circulatory, endocrine, etc. These mechanisms attempt to keep the body in balance regardless of what works upon it or what happens around it; thus, the human body has built-in devices to protect it from disease and other outside forces that may jeopardize its health. It has the ability to produce specific antibodies after exposure to an antigen through a process called active immunity. Through complex interactions, the body is able to detoxify ingested, absorbed, inhaled or injected drugs, and foreign substances. Likewise, when physical injury occurs, local myofascial structures tighten (protective muscle spasm) allowing the body to compensate and continue on its journey safely, healthfully and productively. Regrettably, the compensations often spread and are soon reflected in every step we take.
So, the body is not a machine. It is a dynamic mechanism capable of continually repairing and replacing worn-out and injured cells. It works to heal dysfunctional joints and soft tissues, including visceral structures. D.D. Palmer, the father of chiropractic, once noted, "the body is always working toward order" in a process guided by an underlying "innate intelligence." Through years of acute observation, many manual therapists have become aware of this innate intelligence and learned to view the body itself as the primary healer, offering their hands and skills only as tools to assist the process.
From this perspective, the therapist's job - and ultimate intent - should be simply to guide the healing process. There is no need to control the process or force one's will upon it. Albert Einstein offers a beautiful summation, "All means prove a blunt instrument if they have not behind them a living spirit."
Structure and Function
An important guideline for all manual therapists specializing in pain management is to develop a basic understanding of the reciprocal interrelationship between structure and function. Simply stated, structure affects function; function affects structure. It is not necessary to look very deeply to see that functional demands require specific structures. A jet is cumbersome on the ground, and the wheelbarrow was not designed to fly. For the jet to function in the air, it needs wings, navigational instruments, rudders, and the like. Yet having that structure makes it perfectly suited for the function of flying, so structure also determines function.
The body's myoskeletal system was not designed to simply lug around 30 feet of intestines, 60 miles of blood vessels, the heart, lungs, sex organs, etc. It exists so people can accomplish tasks and effectively communicate physically and emotionally. The myoskeletal system should therefore be considered a major part of the "machinery of life." With this understanding, it can be said that there are neurological as well as myoskeletal components present in every dysfunction or disease, although all aspects may not be immediately obvious (e.g., with such conditions as fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome or visceral disorders). In fact, prolonged myoskeletal dysfunction will eventually "burn" a memory pattern within the central nervous system so that even after the initial irritating myoskeletal obstruction is removed, the original symptoms continue and may actually grow in severity.
When working from a structural model, the trained manual therapist is often able to identify and treat dysfunction in patients who have no symptoms and by some standards would be considered healthy; this is done by identifying strain patterns before they become pain patterns.
Structure and Function: The Relation to Gravity
When studying human structure, it becomes apparent that structure and function of the musculoligamentous system are particularly influenced by, and responsible for, static and dynamic postural alignment. Postural (tonic) muscles are structurally designed to resist fatigue and function in the presence of prolonged gravitational exposure, such as standing upright. When their capacity to resist stress is overwhelmed, tonic muscles become irritable, tight, and often shortened; through reciprocal innervation, their antagonists become weak and inhibited. As typically weak muscles, such as rectus abdominis, gluteals, deep neck flexors, and lower shoulder stabilizers, begin to loose the battle with gravity, weight is transferred to deep ligamentous and bony myoskeletal structures. The antigravity function of the body's myofascial system is lost.
This persistent gravitational loading ultimately results in the formation of predictable asymmetrical postural patterns in the neuromyoskeletal system. Dr. Ida Rolf made this relationship of structural alignment to gravity one of the keynotes of Rolfing, and it remains a definitive feature of all forms of structural integration.
A person's posture (structure) has much to do with the ability to perform efficiently. When the viscoelastic deformation properties of muscle are unable to resist postural stresses, predictable pathophysiologic changes occur. These changes are both functional and structural. The elastic component represents the transient functional change in connective-tissue length, occurring in response to stressors such as forward-head postures (i.e. Dowager's humps). The viscous component, on the other hand, is responsible for the more permanent deformation of connective tissue that occurs with static, long-term postural change as witnessed in the scoliotic population.
Musculoligamentous structures are easily recognized in clients exposed to prolonged gravitational stress. Symptoms arising from these common myofascial strain patterns have certain associated palpable characteristics that include the following:
Eventually, prolonged postural stress leads to predictable functional changes, such as a loss of flexibility, shallow breathing patterns, chronic fatigue, and digestive or hormonal disorders.
Therapists must learn to identify the subtle palpable changes and postural-pattern clues when assessing for neck, back and extremity pain. As myofascial structures undergo sustained changes in length and strength, new collagen realigns the connective tissues in response to vectors of stress. Often this process perpetuates postural problems by amplifying the biomechanical stress of gravity. Although these postural patterns are compensated, without proper manual therapy and home retraining exercises, they can easily de-compensate and quickly manifest as primary pain-generators.
Manual therapists often filter the results of the client's history, palpatory findings, and all other pertinent tests through a philosophic lens formed via the scientific scope of basic science and clinical experience. Impaired or altered function of the neuromyoskeletal system leads to stress and pain which may alter performance of internal organs, the hormonal system, and psychoimmunological functions. Fortunately, the body is not a machine and possesses the innate ability to heal - with a little help from friendly hands.
Click here for previous articles by Erik Dalton, PhD.
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