resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Business Lesson #1: Adapt or Else
My wife and I recently enjoyed an excellent meal at a restaurant recommended by some friends. We often have concerns about restaurant recommendations, as many have been disappointing.
NCCAOM Launches New Membership Organization
The National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (NCCAOM) recently launched a new national membership organization, the NCCAOM Academy of Diplomates.
Roots in the Community, Branches Far Beyond
The Jung Tao School of Classical Chinese Medicine (JTS) was founded in 1998 by Sean Christian Marshall in Sugar Grove, North Carolina, a small community near Boone in the state's westernmost mountains.
Constructing Our Reality: The Primary Channels and Perception, Part 1
My favorite topic of discussion within Chinese medicine is the acupuncture channel systems. First of all, each of us have them. They are part of our bodies; not something external to us. To learn about the acupuncture channels is to learn about ourselves.
The Art of Listening
One of the most important clinical concepts for me was voiced by the legendary physician William Osler. "Listen to your patient, he/she is telling you the diagnosis." After treating literally thousands of patients, it can become almost second nature to quickly discover clues which reveal the underlying diagnosis.
Asking Patients the Right Questions
When was the last time you asked a patient a question? Maybe 30 seconds ago? But, are you asking the right questions to elicit valuable and useful information? As a healthcare provider, you've likely spent hundreds of hours learning to ask the right questions to gather critical health information from your patients.
How to Find and Fix TL Nerve Impingements
The thoracolumbar junction (TLJ) and the peripheral sensory nerves that exit from it are frequent, important and rarely recognized sources of lower back, pelvic and hip pain. Let's outline a clear exam protocol for diagnosing the problem.
Musculoskeletal Disorders Take Center Stage
Looking for the latest on the musculoskeletal pain epidemic and the increasing premium placed on preventive strategies including chiropractic? Check out The Impact of Musculoskeletal Disorders on Americans – Opportunities for Action.
Vitamin D Fails to Help Knee OA? The Proper Perspective
The March 8, 2016 issue of JAMA includes a study about vitamin D supplementation for osteoarthritis of the knee. This is a really weird study.
Essentials of Assessment: The Squat
The squat is a simple, fast and functional tool to evaluate patient symmetry and function. As simple and easy as it is to implement, it can yield considerable amounts of valuable, clinically relevant information.
An Interview with Amanda Shayle
JW: Can you share with us some of your history and how you became an acupuncturist? What did you do prior to becoming an acupuncturist? Where did you go to school?
The Value of Melatonin in Breast Cancer Prevention and Adjunctive Treatment
Although melatonin (MLT) is best known for its sleep-aid properties and as a natural remedy to prevent jet lag, extensive experimental studies suggest it possesses anticancer activity through several biological mechanisms.
News in Brief
A Moment of Silence for Dr. Stephen Press; New ACA President Elected; F4CP Offers New MemBership Benefit.
The IME System: A Current Public Health Risk and Solutions That Are Working
I strongly believe in the independent medical examination (IME) system. There are far too many doctors in every profession who are not following E&M protocols and never claim MMI (maximum medical improvement) has occurred for their patients, which has caused financial stress for many private and public carriers.
The Power of Eccentric Exercise: Hamstring Injury Prevention and Rehab
For almost 20 years, I've worked with professional athletes who make a living by running really fast. It goes without saying that hamstring injury (HSI) prevention and rehabilitation is a big part of what they expect from a sports chiropractor.
Energy: For Life and For Death
Energy is a deep topic in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Qi is understood to underlie all of existence, animated or not, and the qi of the living is studied with special attention.
Building Relationships and Referral Networks with Allopathic Practitioners
Dr. Doug, an orthopedist of 20 years, had heard stories from patients who tried acupuncture. While he was able to address many of their complaints effectively, some appeared to gain additional benefit when their care included TCM.
Recording and Appropriate Billing of Timed Physical Medicine Services
There is a common misunderstanding about timed therapy services and although you do have some knowledge of timed service documentation, based on your comment on the 8-minute rule, your understanding is correct, but incomplete.
Transparency is Key at ASA First Annual Meeting
On March 4th and 5th the American Society of Acupuncturists (ASA) held a successful first annual meeting in Albuquerque, New Mexico.
The Rest of the Patient Story
I've written previously about allowing a patient to tell you their story – about taking the time to listen and engage all the aspects of their case history, the injury in question, and the related issues.
Health and Wellness Partnership
Yo San University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and The Wellness Center at the LAC + USC Historic General Hospital recently joined forces to extend care to the residents of Boyle Heights area of Los Angeles.
September, 2004, Vol. 04, Issue 09
We Get Letters and E-Mail
By Editorial Staff
Editor's note: The following letters are in response to Vivian Madison-Mahoney's article, "A Word About Insurance Reimbursement," which appeared in the April issue. www.massagetoday.com/archives/2004/04/12.html.
Differing Perspectives on Insurance Billing
I have been practicing massage therapy for 21 years, and billing insurance for about 15 years.I am in this profession for the long haul; if I wanted to get rich quick, I would not be doing massage for a living. However, that does not mean I can afford to ignore sensible business practices!
Unlike Vivian Madison-Mahoney, I believe that billing "just a bit more" for injury rehabilitation is bad business and bad political strategy. One needs to understand the differences between the relaxation and rehabilitation massage markets to understand why. Unlike most other health care providers, massage therapists work in two separate markets. I believe that confusing the two markets has led to charges of greed, fraud and abuse by commentators like Ms. Madison-Mahoney.
Most of us work in the relaxation market, in which rates are determined by what individuals can afford to pay. A few of us also work in the injury rehabilitation market, in which rates are determined by what insurance companies are willing to pay. Both of these markets are self-regulating. If I charge more than individuals are willing to pay for relaxation massage, then they will not hire me to work on them. If I charge more than insurance companies are willing to pay for rehabilitation, then they cut my reimbursement. The similarity ends there.
When I do a relaxation massage, I do work that requires minimal training and experience. No clinical expertise is required. The client pays me right away, and I have no extra duties to perform afterward. The techniques of rehabilitation massage are specific and demanding, and they require much more training and experience to perform well. Furthermore, I have legal and ethical responsibilities to my rehabilitation clients that simply do not exist for my relaxation clients. I do a thorough intake assessment, take copious treatment notes, and fill out umpteen numbers of forms. I have to get a doctor's referral, including ICD-9 diagnostic codes. I have to call the insurance companies involved - sometimes, many times - to make certain that I will eventually get paid. I frequently have to get letters of protection and third-party liens to protect my financial interests. I send progress reports to referring doctors who want them. On top of all that, I have to bill the insurance company myself and wait months (or even years) for payment.
The only similarities between the relaxation and rehabilitation massage markets are the hands-on nature of the work and the licensing status of the practitioner. Three kinds of insurance pay for massage therapy: health insurance, workers' compensation and auto insurance. Health insurance routinely pays for massage therapy in only two states: Florida and Washington. Lawsuits in state courts opened these markets. In other states, health insurance policies rarely cover massage, and those that do typically charge higher premiums for the privilege. Outfits that contract with therapists who are willing to charge lower rates are not offering insurance! They offer the illusion of insurance; clients still pay the discounted bill out-of-pocket. Workers' compensation policies vary from state to state.
Most states will pay us, but coding can be idiosyncratic and reimbursement rates vary. On the other hand, auto insurance has covered massage therapy in most states for years. In my experience, they will usually pay 145 percent to 185 percent of the standard Medicare rates for the specialized physical medicine (97---) codes we use. They pay massage therapists the same amount they pay physical therapists and chiropractors for similar work, regardless of experience. I send auto insurance companies a bill that I consider reasonable, and they pay it almost every time. I can see no reason to charge less money than other health care professionals do for similar services, especially when my work is often more effective. Of course, I will never receive the payment I deserve if I do not ask for it.
Ms. Madison-Mahoney implies that massage therapists who charge rates determined by the insurance market are taking unfair advantage of patients and defrauding insurance companies. Hogwash! If I charged the same rates for injury rehabilitation and relaxation massage, I would be cheating my clients who were injured in motor vehicle accidents caused by others. The medical bills in such cases help determine compensatory damage awards for the clients' pain and suffering. I believe that charging artificially low rates actually harms other therapists and the profession itself by undervaluing our skills.
Ms. Madison-Mahoney also states that insurance companies are reducing fees paid to massage therapists. That is true in some places, but insurance companies have been doing the same thing to all health care providers for several years. Reduced payments to providers reflects endemic problems with our health care system, not specific problems with massage therapists overcharging for services, as Ms. Madison-Mahoney claims. Massage therapists already reduce insurance companies' costs by providing treatments that are more effective and less expensive than the alternatives. For example, massage therapists probably save insurance companies millions of dollars each year by eliminating the need for costly surgeries.
When we prove it with research, the insurance industry will be sending us more work than we can imagine. I do not presume to tell other therapists what fees to charge; however, I do believe that therapists who do not consider the economics of the health care industry when making billing decisions are doing a disservice to themselves, their clients and the massage therapy profession as a whole.
Keeping our fees artificially low only encourages insurance companies to devalue our services. I believe that they will only respect massage therapy as a health care profession when we insist on fair payments that reflect our actual worth. Yes, that means taking legal action if necessary.
Remember that the chiropractic profession only broke the monopoly of the medical orthodoxy by winning an antitrust lawsuit against the American Medical Association. I prefer other options, but I am not opposed to legal action when necessary.
Donald F. Schiff, BS
I believe that the current differences we have regarding fee billing will disappear when we get the codes we need. There will be no need for exaggerated claims and convoluted arguments to justify how we bill. No one will bother trying to do things like using unacceptable interpretations of modifiers to create multiple fee schedules. In 2006, we likely will have an evaluation code. It will carry with it a recommended per-unit fee value, which will allow us to account for our evaluation time separately from our therapeutic time. Following that code will be a code for management purposes, which will allow us to bill for our office management expense. Along with that code will come recommended fee values per unit.
I think it is clear that trying to have a therapeutic code cover the costs incurred for doing business is an inappropriate strategy. Therapeutic codes are for the purpose of billing for the therapy only, not evaluation or paperwork. Attaching evaluation and management to a therapeutic code makes the per-unit value meaningless and useless for statistical and research purposes. It destroys our ability to prove the cost-effectiveness of our therapy. It is a short-term, thoughtless strategy.
The issue then will be to determine how much to charge per unit for our therapeutic work alone, which will be much easier to determine without evaluation and office management attached to the therapeutic codes. The appropriate fee for therapeutic work that I prefer is whatever the market will bear - as long as it is the same fee for the same service. In other words, you must charge your cash client the same as your insurance client for the therapeutic work done.
When we reach this point, we can have cash client fees lower than insurance fees because we would not have the same office management expense. That will provide the price differential many seem to be trying to achieve in other ways. The price differential will be a clear unambiguous difference in service provided. If we are lucky, the ABC codes, or at least some of them, will be accepted and provide us with many codes.
Office management, coding issues and billing need to be taught in our schools using professionalism in business conduct as the standard. The damage being done to our profession will stop when our associations step forward to enunciate the principles by which we are expected to conduct this aspect of our businesses. The profession needs the guidance, which only the associations can provide.
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