resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Rethinking Musculoskeletal Pain – A Public Health Perspective
The American Public Health Association (APHA) is the world's oldest and largest association of its kind, founded more than 140 years ago and boasting over 25,000 members.
Professional Credentialing and Board Certification: An Ethical Faux Pas
Because of the Affordable Care Act, health care systems are coordinating care through accountable care organizations (ACOs) in order to reduce the cost of care and improve quality of care.
Reducing the Autogenic Inhibition Reflex: Making Weak Muscles Strong
The autogenic inhibition (AI) reflex is a sudden relaxation of a muscle in response to excess tension.
How One Little Symbol (#) Gets You More Patients
Are you struggling to get more fans or followers for your acupuncture practice? Or are looking for ways to simply connect with your patients? Or do you just want to know how to keep them engaged (comments, retweeting, liking and sharing)?
TMF 2015 Scholarships
The Trudy McAlister Foundation (TMF), a nonprofit organization established to support students who are on track to make contributions either to clinical practice and/or to the understanding of the role of Traditional Oriental Medicine, has announced the 2015 scholarship recipients.
A Poor Choice for Pain Relief
Acetaminophen is the most popular pain reliever in the U.S., accounting for an estimated 27 billion annual doses as of 2009. With 100,000-plus hospital visits a year by users, it's also the most likely to be taken inappropriately.
Giving Vets the Care They Deserve
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) administers the largest integrated health care system in the United States.
Breath: The Movement of Oxygen and Energy
I remember with surprising clarity the first time a patient started crying during an acupuncture treatment I was giving. This is now quite a long time ago, back in 1999, when I was a student.
Marijuana, Apathy and Chinese Medicine, Part 2
A talented young woman presented herself with emotional mood swings, which included being nervous, anxious and jittery.
First Do No Harm?
There's no questioning the frightening nature of breast cancer, which strikes one in eight women in the U.S. – eclipsed only by skin cancer in terms of prevalence.
Acupuncture in the U.K. Today: A Personal View
When asked to write a short piece on the current state of the U.K. acupuncture profession, my first response was to say it has all been relatively quiet.
ACA or ICA: Which Best Represents You?
Last June, I was honored to represent Texas ICA members as their representative assemblyman at the ICA Annual Meeting in Kansas City.
Calculating Billable Units
I recently learned of an office that was audited based on the number of acupuncture sessions performed in one day. Is there a maximum number of sessions that can be performed in one day?
The Nectar of Plants: Essential Oils and Chinese Medicine
Essential oils are a very hot topic these days, especially with the likes of the Ebola virus and the resurgence of measles lurking in our awareness, but when I first became interested in Chinese medicine, essential oils weren't on the radar screen for acupuncturists.
Our Biggest Challenges to Compete in Wellness Care
In the first article in this four-article series [May 1 DC], I made the case that chiropractors should either embrace offering lifestyle wellness in their practices or face the possibility of losing their place in the wellness care marketplace.
We Get Letters & Email
A House Divided? (May 1 issue) provoked significant response from readers. Here are several of the surprisingly similar comments we received.
Spieth Thanks His Chiropractor After Historic Masters Win
Jordan Spieth didn't just capture the hearts of golf enthusiasts worldwide with his record-setting, wire-to-wire victory at the 79th Masters Tournament.
Use Technology to Gain New Patients and Improve Efficiency
From the smartphone in your pocket to your microwave oven, advancements in technology have made almost every aspect of our lives easier.
Leg-Length Inequality and Pelvic Fixation: A New Approach to the Negative Derifield (Part 2)
As we noted in our previous article, with a positive Derifield (+D), the doctor observes the reactive (shorter) leg in the prone position that becomes longer or "crosses over" in the flexed position.
The Year to Make Things Happen
It is hard to believe that the Year of the Ram – 2015 is half over. Time seems to be moving especially fast. This is the year for things to happen for the acupuncture profession.
Green Tea Improves Cognitive Function in Elderly Subjects
Publishing their results in the journal Nutrients, in May 2014, researchers showed that drinking the equivalent of 2 to 4 cups of brewed green tea (or bottled tea) daily improved cognitive function or reduced the progression of cognitive dysfunction in elderly subjects.
Acupuncture and the Pulse
In 1991, I attended a martial arts workshop hosted coincidentally by Sung Baek, a martial artist and the head of his lineage as a Korean trained acupuncturist. I was enamored by the details Sung could attain from the pulse, as told to me by some of his apprentices.
The Modern Acupuncturist
You studied ancient Chinese medicine, but I'll bet you don't practice it! Contrary to popular belief, our medicine has evolved A LOT over the years. Let's take a brief walk through history and discover the differences between ancient and modern acupuncturists.
The Source-Luo Point Combination
The luo collaterals are part of the acupuncture channel system presented in the Su Wen and the Ling Shu (The Nei Jing). The function and clinical application of the luo mai are primarily presented in chapter 10 of the Ling Shu, however, they are also found in others chapters in the Su Wen and the Ling Shu.
Green Tea Improves Cognitive Function in Elderly Subjects
Publishing their results in the journal Nutrients in May 2014, researchers showed that drinking the equivalent of 2-4 cups of brewed green tea (or bottled tea) daily improved cognitive function or reduced the progression of cognitive dysfunction in elderly subjects.
September, 2004, Vol. 04, Issue 09
Spotlight on Research
By Editorial Staff
Editor's note: This periodic column keeps you abreast of the latest research documenting the benefits of massage and bodywork. Published research is summarized, with references to the full study text provided; abstracts of research are reproduced with minimal edits.If you would like your research abstract or summary published in Spotlight on Research, please contact us at .
Breast Cancer Patients' Immunity Improves With Massage
Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer among American women. The National Cancer Institute estimates that today, one in every eight women will develop breast cancer in her lifetime - a threefold increase from 1964.1
Although it is highly curable if detected early enough, breast cancer is also the second-leading cause of cancer death in women after lung cancer, and is the leading cause of cancer death among women ages 15 to 54.2
Previous studies have shown that women with breast cancer are more depressed than women without breast cancer, and are more likely to suffer from stress and anxiety. Stress has been linked with lowered rates of an immune cell called the "natural killer" (NK) cell in women with breast cancer, an important finding since NK cells help prevent the development of tumors, and destroy new and abnormal growths before they can proliferate.
A new study* conducted by a team of researchers at the Touch Research Institutes (TRI) examined the role massage therapy could play in strengthening the immune system, particularly in increasing the number of NK cells in the blood. The study, published in the July 2004 issue of the Journal of Psychosomatic Research, found that massage not only generated profound changes in the women's blood chemistry, it also reduced their stress and anxiety levels dramatically.3
A total of 34 women diagnosed with stage 1 or stage 2 breast cancer were included in the study and assigned randomly to either a massage group or a control group. Women in the massage therapy group received a total of 15 massages over a five-week period. The massages were conducted in a private room on a massage table by a trained massage therapist.
The sessions consisted of three 30-minute massages per week, and employed Swedish massage, the Trager® method, and acupressure techniques over various body parts. Women in the control group received standard medical care alone, but were provided with massages at the end of the study period. Along with the massages, the researchers administered various psychological tests to the women at the beginning and end of the study session to determine changes in anxiety and mood.
In addition, all of the women provided urine samples to assess changes in hormone levels, and 27 women (15 in the massage group, 12 in the control group) gave blood samples to determine levels of NK cells and lymphocytes in the blood.
Massage was associated with a significant reduction in anxiety levels and depression, and an overall increase in the number of immune cells in the blood. In the massage group, women reported a 46 percent reduction in depression levels from the first day of the study to the last day, along with a 25 percent reduction in anxiety.
In the control group, anxiety levels remained unchanged, while the depression scores actually increased 22 percent. The improvements in mood and depression in the massage group appeared to be the result of increases in certain hormone levels. Women who received massages experienced significant increases in the levels of a number of stress-fighting hormones, including dopamine and serotonin.
"These increases complement the massage group's self-reports of improved mood and decreased depression, as both serotonin and dopamine have been noted to increase in depressed individuals following massage therapy," the scientists noted. "These and other massage findings support that massage therapy is effective in reducing psychological distress, enhancing mood biochemicals, and boosting the immune system."3
In examining the blood samples, the researchers found higher amounts of NK cells and lymphocytes in the women given massage. Comparing blood samples taken on the first and last days of the study period, the researchers noted a 12 percent increase in NK cells and a 10 percent increase in lymphocytes in the blood. In the control group, the lymphocyte level remained the same, while the NK cell count decreased 7 percent.
"NK cells spontaneously destroy a wide variety of cancer and virus-infected cells and are involved in eliminating metastases," the authors wrote. "A boost in NK cell number would be beneficial given that some cancer patients have reduced NK cell numbers."3
The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), and therapies like massage by the general population, has increased tremendously in the past decade. This is particularly true of cancer patients; by some estimates, up to 60 percent of all people with cancer use at least some form of CAM.4-6
The authors of the study acknowledged the need for more research on massage therapy and cancer, and recommended that future studies examine the cost of care, the use of massage to treat other conditions in addition to breast cancer, and the long-term effects of massage therapy on reducing the incidence of death and disease.
"In summary, the self-reports of reduced stress, anxiety/anger/hostility, and improved mood, and the corroborating findings of increased dopamine and serotonin levels and increased NK cell number (the primary outcome measure) and lymphocytes suggest that massage therapy has positive applications for breast cancer survivors. That women with breast cancer have lower NK cell number and that they might have higher stress hormone levels, which have been associated with tumor growth and metastases, suggest the need for further research on interventions like massage therapy that impact the neuroendocrine and immune systems while attenuating psychological stress symptoms."3
For more information on other TRI studies, visit www.miami.edu/touch-research.
*Funding for the study provided by the following: USARMMC DAMD Grant 17-99-1-9292; Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center; and Johnson & Johnson.
Editor's note: The following abstract originally appeared in the Spring 2004 issue of the Massage Therapy Journal and was presented at the poster session during the 2003 AMTA National Convention in Richmond, Va. It appears here with permission from the authors.
The Effect of Chair Massage on Stress Perception of Hospital Bedside Nurses
Context: Studies have shown that hospital bedside nursing is a stress-loaded occupation. Massage therapy has been shown to be an effective intervention in stress management.
Objective: The goal of this study was to determine if a 10-minute onsite chair massage was more effective at reducing stress perception of hospital bedside nurses than a 10-minute break.
Design: Randomized trial with a control group, who took a 10-minute break, and a study group, who received a 10-minute chair massage.
Setting: A small suburban hospital on the maternity, medical-surgical, telemetry, and critical care nursing units.
Participants: 82 bedside nurses.
Main Outcome Measure: Stress perception was assessed using the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) in an experimental pretest/posttest design and analyzed using t-tests for independent samples.
Results: Stress perception was significantly lower in the study group after the chair massage (P<.05) and not significantly changed in the control group.
Conclusion: The results of this study support the effectiveness of chair massage in the reduction of stress perception for this population. Further research is warranted to study the feasibility of providing chair massage on a regularly scheduled basis on a nursing unit, as well as its impact on other aspects of a nursing position, such as job satisfaction, retention, absenteeism, injury and workers' compensation claims.
Additionally, it would be beneficial to study the effects of chair massage with individuals in other occupations that are identified as being high stress and burnout occupations.
For more information about this study, contact M.K. Brennan at 704-536-3446.
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