resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Five-Element Reaches Out to Serve the Community
In 2006, a student at the Institute of Taoist Education and Acupuncture (ITEA) approached the administration about an idea for his senior project.
Bring on the Bitters
Out of all the possible flavor choices with foods, such as sweet, sour, salty, and umami (deliciousness), which would you choose first? Bitter, though not as enjoyable, is also a flavor.
The Eight Extraordinary Confluent Points
The eight extraordinary confluent points are a very popular set of acupuncture points in the modern practice of acupuncture. They are also called the intersection, meeting, command, opening, master, and the flowing and pooling points of the eight extraordinary vessels.
2016 Trudy McAlister Foundation AOM Scholars
This year, the Trudy McAlister Foundation (TMF) received a record number of excellent applications for the 2016 scholarship awards and has awarded five scholarships for $2000 each. More information is available on our website: AOMScholarship.org
The Effectiveness of Chinese Medicine in Treating Infertility in the Philippines
Infertility is defined as the inability to achieve a successful pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected intercourse.
Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: The Latest Breakthroughs
There are now more than 29 million diabetics in the U.S. and 10% of them have Type 1. The incidence has been increasing in recent years at an epidemic rate.
Case Studies and Answer Analysis for NCCAOM Exam in Foundation of Oriental Medicine
Case studies are very common for acupuncture school students, either in class exams or during taking the national board exam. Most test takers feel they have no idea where they should start and how they should start to analyze those complicated cases.
What Should You Call Your Patients (and What Should They Call You)?
When I walked into the exam room, the new patient looked uneasy, fumbling with his cellphone. He was a huge Polynesian man, probably in his 40s, with unrecognizable island tattoos.
Are Herbs Useful for Chronic Pain?
The human nervous system is what makes us special, but our greatest strength also makes us vulnerable: witness the growing incidence of chronic addictions, anxiety, depression, sleep disorders and chronic pain syndromes.
Does Anyone Know You're a Good Chiropractor?
If you had a chance to read the recent article in Time magazine (April 6), you know it provided some good information about the efficacy of chiropractic to the magazine's substantial consumer audience.
The Good, the Bad and the Successful in Social Marketing
You might be thinking, "social marketing, don't you mean social media?" No, I mean social marketing. Every day, I keep reading, hearing and learning more and more about the changes happening in social media.
The Liver: The Official of Planning
The Liver, with its paired Official, the Gall Bladder, belongs to the Element Wood within us. Wood grants us the power of birth – new beginnings, growth, breaking through boundaries and surging forward. It is the vigorous, exuberant energy of the spring season.
Chiropractic Needs a Lesson in Education
The American Chiropractic Association has launched a campaign, The National Medicare Equality Petition, to enact federal legislation that would achieve full physician status for DCs in Medicare.
Diet, Nutrition and the Context of Risk (Part 2): Food Poisoning
Other than the morbidity and mortality linked to eating too much food, "all-natural" organisms that contaminate our food cause more illness, more hospitalizations and more death than food contaminated by heavy metals, plastics, preservatives, artificial colors, emulsifiers, artificial sweeteners and pesticides combined.
Herbal Medicine Continues to Evolve
Product manufacturers, industry partners, distributors and practitioners work as a collective Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine (TCHM) community to produce high quality TCHM prescriptions that bring low-risk healthcare to thousands of patients everyday.
How to Bill Evaluation and Management Codes
Q: I am in need for guidance on how to bill evaluation and management (E&M) codes in addition to acupuncture the same date of service, I have never been paid for an exam when done with acupuncture and I believe I am doing it wrong.
Introducing the Dynamic Chiropractic Digital Edition
In response to the changing habits of our readers, Dynamic Chiropractic is proud to introduce a digital edition of the publication beginning with the July 2016 issue.
Who is Your Ideal Patient?
Being in a healthcare practice requires you to think critically about many things including your equipment, techniques, documentation, financial goals, and the retention of clients and staff.
Shoulder Rehab: The Gait Connection
Shoulder problems can be difficult to rehab completely for several reasons. The shoulder is made up of several joints that must function together smoothly to provide the extreme mobility that is possible and necessary for many activities.
Time for World-Wide Growth
Acupuncture is the organically growing around the world. The legislative body in Quatar has said acupuncture is "okay." The United States has five states to go to have every state recognized and regulated.
Immunotherapy: Where Molecular Medicine Crosses Into Holistic Thinking
Immunotherapy, and its promise as a cancer treatment, has been in the news a lot in the last few years, and for good reason. Real shifts are happening in oncology and exciting researchers, clinicians, and patients.
F4CP Campaign Addresses Public Misperceptions of Chiropractic
In late 2015, results of the Gallup-Palmer College of Chiropractic Inaugural Report: Americans' Perceptions of Chiropractic were published. The report found that 33.6 million U.S. adults (14 percent) had utilized chiropractic care within the previous 12 months.
Day in the Life of an Advanced- Practice DC (Pt. 2)
Let's continue our Q&A with Stephen Perlstein, DC, APC, chair of the New Mexico Chiropractic Association PAC and president of the American Academy of Chiropractic Physicians. Part 1 of this interview appeared in the May 1 issue.
We Get Letters & Email
Another Slap in the Face for DCs; I Know Where to Find the Missing Chiropractic Patients; Clarification on Vitamin D Study.
September, 2004, Vol. 04, Issue 09
Spotlight on Research
By Editorial Staff
Editor's note: This periodic column keeps you abreast of the latest research documenting the benefits of massage and bodywork. Published research is summarized, with references to the full study text provided; abstracts of research are reproduced with minimal edits.If you would like your research abstract or summary published in Spotlight on Research, please contact us at .
Breast Cancer Patients' Immunity Improves With Massage
Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer among American women. The National Cancer Institute estimates that today, one in every eight women will develop breast cancer in her lifetime - a threefold increase from 1964.1
Although it is highly curable if detected early enough, breast cancer is also the second-leading cause of cancer death in women after lung cancer, and is the leading cause of cancer death among women ages 15 to 54.2
Previous studies have shown that women with breast cancer are more depressed than women without breast cancer, and are more likely to suffer from stress and anxiety. Stress has been linked with lowered rates of an immune cell called the "natural killer" (NK) cell in women with breast cancer, an important finding since NK cells help prevent the development of tumors, and destroy new and abnormal growths before they can proliferate.
A new study* conducted by a team of researchers at the Touch Research Institutes (TRI) examined the role massage therapy could play in strengthening the immune system, particularly in increasing the number of NK cells in the blood. The study, published in the July 2004 issue of the Journal of Psychosomatic Research, found that massage not only generated profound changes in the women's blood chemistry, it also reduced their stress and anxiety levels dramatically.3
A total of 34 women diagnosed with stage 1 or stage 2 breast cancer were included in the study and assigned randomly to either a massage group or a control group. Women in the massage therapy group received a total of 15 massages over a five-week period. The massages were conducted in a private room on a massage table by a trained massage therapist.
The sessions consisted of three 30-minute massages per week, and employed Swedish massage, the Trager® method, and acupressure techniques over various body parts. Women in the control group received standard medical care alone, but were provided with massages at the end of the study period. Along with the massages, the researchers administered various psychological tests to the women at the beginning and end of the study session to determine changes in anxiety and mood.
In addition, all of the women provided urine samples to assess changes in hormone levels, and 27 women (15 in the massage group, 12 in the control group) gave blood samples to determine levels of NK cells and lymphocytes in the blood.
Massage was associated with a significant reduction in anxiety levels and depression, and an overall increase in the number of immune cells in the blood. In the massage group, women reported a 46 percent reduction in depression levels from the first day of the study to the last day, along with a 25 percent reduction in anxiety.
In the control group, anxiety levels remained unchanged, while the depression scores actually increased 22 percent. The improvements in mood and depression in the massage group appeared to be the result of increases in certain hormone levels. Women who received massages experienced significant increases in the levels of a number of stress-fighting hormones, including dopamine and serotonin.
"These increases complement the massage group's self-reports of improved mood and decreased depression, as both serotonin and dopamine have been noted to increase in depressed individuals following massage therapy," the scientists noted. "These and other massage findings support that massage therapy is effective in reducing psychological distress, enhancing mood biochemicals, and boosting the immune system."3
In examining the blood samples, the researchers found higher amounts of NK cells and lymphocytes in the women given massage. Comparing blood samples taken on the first and last days of the study period, the researchers noted a 12 percent increase in NK cells and a 10 percent increase in lymphocytes in the blood. In the control group, the lymphocyte level remained the same, while the NK cell count decreased 7 percent.
"NK cells spontaneously destroy a wide variety of cancer and virus-infected cells and are involved in eliminating metastases," the authors wrote. "A boost in NK cell number would be beneficial given that some cancer patients have reduced NK cell numbers."3
The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), and therapies like massage by the general population, has increased tremendously in the past decade. This is particularly true of cancer patients; by some estimates, up to 60 percent of all people with cancer use at least some form of CAM.4-6
The authors of the study acknowledged the need for more research on massage therapy and cancer, and recommended that future studies examine the cost of care, the use of massage to treat other conditions in addition to breast cancer, and the long-term effects of massage therapy on reducing the incidence of death and disease.
"In summary, the self-reports of reduced stress, anxiety/anger/hostility, and improved mood, and the corroborating findings of increased dopamine and serotonin levels and increased NK cell number (the primary outcome measure) and lymphocytes suggest that massage therapy has positive applications for breast cancer survivors. That women with breast cancer have lower NK cell number and that they might have higher stress hormone levels, which have been associated with tumor growth and metastases, suggest the need for further research on interventions like massage therapy that impact the neuroendocrine and immune systems while attenuating psychological stress symptoms."3
For more information on other TRI studies, visit www.miami.edu/touch-research.
*Funding for the study provided by the following: USARMMC DAMD Grant 17-99-1-9292; Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center; and Johnson & Johnson.
Editor's note: The following abstract originally appeared in the Spring 2004 issue of the Massage Therapy Journal and was presented at the poster session during the 2003 AMTA National Convention in Richmond, Va. It appears here with permission from the authors.
The Effect of Chair Massage on Stress Perception of Hospital Bedside Nurses
Context: Studies have shown that hospital bedside nursing is a stress-loaded occupation. Massage therapy has been shown to be an effective intervention in stress management.
Objective: The goal of this study was to determine if a 10-minute onsite chair massage was more effective at reducing stress perception of hospital bedside nurses than a 10-minute break.
Design: Randomized trial with a control group, who took a 10-minute break, and a study group, who received a 10-minute chair massage.
Setting: A small suburban hospital on the maternity, medical-surgical, telemetry, and critical care nursing units.
Participants: 82 bedside nurses.
Main Outcome Measure: Stress perception was assessed using the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) in an experimental pretest/posttest design and analyzed using t-tests for independent samples.
Results: Stress perception was significantly lower in the study group after the chair massage (P<.05) and not significantly changed in the control group.
Conclusion: The results of this study support the effectiveness of chair massage in the reduction of stress perception for this population. Further research is warranted to study the feasibility of providing chair massage on a regularly scheduled basis on a nursing unit, as well as its impact on other aspects of a nursing position, such as job satisfaction, retention, absenteeism, injury and workers' compensation claims.
Additionally, it would be beneficial to study the effects of chair massage with individuals in other occupations that are identified as being high stress and burnout occupations.
For more information about this study, contact M.K. Brennan at 704-536-3446.
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