resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Epigenetics: The Western Science Supporting Essence
Since the days of Darwin, western medicine has touted that our genes were set in stone, that our genetics were our destiny. We were told that the diseases that ran in our family were likely coming to us as well.
Leaving a Lasting Legacy: Donna Liewer
For the past 31 years, Donna Liewer has been on a personal mission "to comfort the afflicted and afflict the comfortable." In her role as executive director of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Liewer has accomplished that and much, much more.
Get That Shoulder to Move: Restoring Internal Rotation
How many times have you mobilized, performed ART, Graston, FAKTR and PIR, and stripped a patient's posterior capsule, yet on re-exam, discovered it was still blocked?
Resilience is the New Longevity
Sometimes we must enter a room through one door and not another, even though they both lead into the same space. I am talking now of the recent cachet with the concept of "resilience" regarding health, chronic pain and longevity.
Collaboration for a Cause
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act strongly encourages the formation of multidisciplinary practitioner teams called Patient Centered Medical Homes (PCMHs) and Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs).
News in Brief
Hamm Elected New President of the ACA; WFC / ACC 2014 Education Conference: Call for Papers; F4CP Recognizes Standard Process as $1 Million Supporter; Texas Chiro. College Begins Search for New President; League of Chiropractic Women Hosts Women's Success Summit.
Stress in the Modern Age: Impact on Homeostasis and What You Can Do (Part 1)
In 1926, Hans Selye first used the word stress in a biological context, referring to the nonspecific response of the body to any demand placed upon it.
Creating Child-Friendly Clinics with ABT
The Zurich Dojo was scattered with toy ducks, dolls, trains, exercise balls and teddy bears during my recent pediatric workshop.
AAAOM – Making Promises They Can't Keep
When the AAAOM first formed in 2007, their mission was clear: to support the profession through education, resources and legislative advocacy. The first years of the organization were filled with promise and hope.
AAAOM – The Beginning of the End (Part II)
In 2012, the AAAOM board members met in Chicago for their annual meeting. The goal was to come to a consensus on a long list of issues the AAAOM needed to work on including a functional board and budget.
Monoculture of the Mind: Part II
Cases are built within boundaries. Such bounds may be a program, event, activity or individuals. In this instance, a medical case has boundaries that include clinical interactions that are comprised of history, signs, symptoms, diagnoses, treatment plans and treatments.
Are You Guilty of Paternalism in Your Approach to Patient Care?
Einstein is purported to have said, "When a man sits with a pretty girl for an hour, it seems like a minute. But let him sit on a hot stove for a minute and it's longer than any hour. That's relativity." In some way, everything is relative to one's point of view.
Flexion-Intolerant Lower Back Pain (Pt. 3): Mobilization & Soft-Tissue Treatment
What is the biggest challenge to the chiropractor in treating discogenic pain? You have to completely reframe the purpose of your manipulation. It is rarely about unlocking a stuck segment at the disc involvement level; it is not about putting a joint back in alignment.
Successful Strategies in Integrating Acupuncture and Shiatsu in a Hospital Oncology Program
Colleagues from the Network of Researchers in Public Health in CAM recently published an article of interest to our Traditional Asian Medicine community.
One and Done: Keeping Patients From Vanishing After Just One Appointment
What happened to my 3:30 p.m. ROF? They may have rescheduled, but there are two common answers no one wants to hear: 1) "She called to cancel. I tried to get her to reschedule, but she refused." 2) "She no-showed.
Why DCs Need to Understand the Principles of "Inclusive Design"
In the past few columns, I've written about the negative effects of prolonged sitting at work. I've attempted to make the point that prolonged sitting (or prolonged standing) takes a toll on workers. Now let's discuss a related issue: the concept of "inclusive design."
The Healing Properties of Light: An Interview With Researcher Anna Cocliovo
This interview is with Anna Cocliovo, a light researcher and Acupuncturist in Arizona. During my own research in light, I came across the article she published for the American Journal of Acupuncture and sought her out as a result.
Steven Rosenblatt: Birthing A Cross-Cultural Acupuncture Profession
The existence of a cross-cultural acupuncture profession in the United States, one that is legalized, licensed, supported by formalized, academic training and inclusive of non-Asian practitioners, is an important part of the medical landscape in this country and is responsible for improving the lives of hundreds of thousands of Americans.
Green Tea Catechins Lower PSA, Other Biomarkers in Men With Localized Prostate Cancer
A 2006 study (Cancer Research) was the first human investigation to show that green tea catechins (GTC) are highly effective in reversing premalignant prostate lesions (high-grade prostate intra-epithelial neoplasia), an established precursor to prostate cancer.
What is a Discipline in Medicine?
In my now prolonged dialogue with physicians, one question emerges with enough regularity to deserve mention and naming: what is a discipline?
Chiropractic Prevents ADHD? Research Shows...
Now that I have your attention, let me tell you what the latest study actually states. As you may have noticed, research over the past few years has begun to reveal that acetaminophen (the primary ingredient in Tylenol) is not as safe as once thought.
August, 2004, Vol. 04, Issue 08
A Look Inside the Craniosacral System and How CST Helps
By John Upledger, DO, OMM
The brain and spinal cord - the two major components of the central nervous system (CNS) - require a carefully controlled physiological environment in order to develop and function efficiently and effectively.The craniosacral system is largely responsible for providing this environment.
The craniosacral system is a physiological system that meets the criteria for classification as semi-closed and hydraulic. It has a watertight boundary largely provided by the external layer of the meninges. This external layer is known as the dura mater or dural membrane. The craniosacral system's controlled fluid inflow is provided mainly by the choroid plexuses, with controlled outflow provided largely by the arachnoid granulation system. The fluid within the craniosacral system is cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which is extracted from blood by the choroid plexuses and returned to blood by the arachnoid granulation system. The extraction and resorption of CSF are accomplished largely through osmotic pressures and specialized active transport mechanisms.
The functions of the CSF are carried out as it circulates within the craniosacral system. It circulates between the cells of the brain and spinal cord, and fills the spaces between cells. CSF also crosses cell membranes to enter intracellular compartments, though entry is selective. Some components of CSF are excluded. CSF functions include:
The dural membranes of the craniosacral system form the lining for several cranial (skull) bones. These membranes also attach to specific areas of bone in the spinal canal. The spinal canal attachments are much more sparse than the intracranial attachments, which allows for movement of the spine. When dural membrane movements are abnormally restricted for any reason, the craniosacral system may become compromised, with secondary effects on the CNS and/or endocrine and immune systems.
The volume of CSF in the craniosacral system constantly and rhythmically rises and falls at about six to 12 cycles per minute. This ongoing volumetric change requires dural membrane boundaries to continually adapt to avoid excessive fluid pressures on the delicate brain and spinal cord structures. Part of this accommodation is accomplished by the cranial bones opening and closing minutely where they abut each other.
It is now known that under normal circumstances cranial bones do not fuse together at puberty, as was previously taught.1-6 Rather, they are in constant motion to accommodate the changing demands placed on them by the dural membrane as it adjusts to the rhythmical rise and fall of CSF volume.
Disease, dysfunction or injuries may cause loss of bone mobility in the head, spine or pelvis. Such trauma can cause craniosacral system dysfunction, with secondary ramifications in the CNS, endocrine and immune systems.
The Role of CranioSacral Therapy
CranioSacral Therapy focuses on:
Many Systems Positively Impacted by CranioSacral Therapy
CST primarily facilitates processes that enhance the body's innate abilities for natural healing. The therapy focuses on removing restrictive forces and obstacles related to the craniosacral system. Enhancing the mobility of the craniosacral system improves the circulation of both blood and CSF to the brain, spinal cord, pituitary gland, pineal gland and the cranial nerve systems, among other things.
Improving fluid motion and exchange specifically enhances the functions of the brain; spinal cord; autonomic control systems; visual, auditory, olfactory and gustatory sensory systems; motor and motor coordination systems; endocrine system; and the immune system. Less directly, it seems to affect all other body systems; therefore, it is exceptionally useful for most chronic conditions and as a preventive measure.
Click here for previous articles by John Upledger, DO, OMM.
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