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Tailor-Made Knee Pain: The Sartorius Muscle
A patient was referred to my office after receiving treatment from various providers with no results. The patient was training for the Olympics as a marathon runner and was unable to run or walk without severe medial knee pain.
When I started to think about what I wanted to do, I toured different schools to choose where to pursue my original chiropractic education.
The 2015 Nobel Prize Shines a Spotlight on TCM Research
Traditional Chinese Medicine continues to make it's presence felt on the world stage as the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was jointly awarded to William C. Campbell and Satoshi Omura for their work on combating parasites and YouYou Tu for her discoveries in combating Malaria.
Detoxification Demystified and the Crucifers that Help
"Let food be your medicine and medicine be your food," is a quote often attributed to Hippocrates, a philosopher of the 5th century BC.
F4CP Making a High-Impact Impression
The Foundation for Chiropractic Progress has released details of its 2016 strategy, certain elements of which are already in play. The strategy includes ads, posters and other resources available to all F4CP members.
Diagnose Sprain Injuries in MVA Cases With Dynamic X-Rays (Pt. 1)
Am I the only person to notice hospitals are doing a seemingly insufficient job lately in their initial radiological workup of motor vehicle accident (MVA) victims?
Designing a Fitness Plan (Part 1)
It doesn't matter if you come to my practice for pain relief, weight loss, healthy aging or something else. The formula I talk about for each patient's fitness strategy is pretty much the same.
Yo San University Receives $1 Million Gift
Long-time Yo San University supporter Thomas S. Blount recently gave a $1 million dollar gift to the University, it's largest charitable gift to date. Mr. Blount was a retired naval officer, aerospace consultant and philanthropist.
Born to Energize the Human Spirit: Recollections of Sig Miller
Sig Miller, longtime executive director of the Association of New Jersey Chiropractors (ANJC), passed away on Sept. 17 after a long battle with cancer.
The Concussion-Subluxation Complex
In the Aug. 1, 2014 issue of Dynamic Chiropractic, I reviewed some of the literature demonstrating the role of the chiropractic adjustment in post-concussive care.
Making Sense of an Increasingly Obvious Conclusion
Where's U.S. health care heading? Like it or not, the list of telltale signs is growing to a point that stands out to even the most myopic observer. Consider this list of facts as you look into the future of health care in the United States:
Targeting the Bad Apples in the Bunch
While everyone was focused on the conversion to ICD-10, the Office of Inspector General for Health and Human Services released a new report on chiropractic titled "CMS Should Use Targeted Tactics to Curb Questionable and Inappropriate Payments for Chiropractic Services."
How to Market to the Medical Profession
The world of health care is changing dramatically. When situations occur that cause expenses to increase, it is time for you to develop strategies that maintain and grow revenue.
Breech Baby: A Scientific Approach
You learned a classic cookbook style treatment strategy in college for treating breech baby presentation. I'm sure you've used it. The main ingredient: moxa at Urinary Bladder 67.
Cold and Flu Season: Expanding the Repertoire
As we move into the winter months, it is important for clinicians to have a solid working knowledge of effective herbal protocols for treating and managing clinical cold and flu presentations.
Pro-Con: Swaddling for Newborns
The practice of swaddling has been used for thousands of years and was popular until the 1700s, when it was slowly abandoned by many cultures that considered it old-fashioned or barbaric.
Building Community: A New Way to Socialize Your Practice
Social Media can seem like a slippery slope when, in fact, it is fairly easy to understand. With social media platforms, you can connect with current and potential new clients, build strong customer loyalty and increase brand awareness.
Too Many to Remember: Tips to Revive Your Ortho / Neuro Test Skills
When I was at Palmer in the mid-1980s, we were given a set of notes in one of our diagnostic courses. The notes covered approximately 70 orthopedic and neurological tests for various regions of the body.
Suffering Makes Us Human
It is possible that suffering, instead of being something negative, can be one of the greatest gifts to bring out one's humanity — if we allow it to be.
Are You a Stakeholder?
In today's world many new things are occurring, especially in the world of information technology. With these changes, comes an entire new set of vocabulary words and definitions.
August, 2004, Vol. 04, Issue 08
Kinesiolgy and Orthopedic Assessment
By Whitney Lowe, LMT
Kinesiology is a fascinating science; as the study of human movement, it has considerable relevance in the clinical environment. Unfortunately, too often in massage education, this field of study gets reduced to memorization of muscle actions (in order to pass some test), and the whole purpose for studying kinesiology gets lost in the process.Because kinesiology is the study of human movement, and because the field of orthopedics deals with movement-system disorders, kinesiology is an essential science for the process of evaluating movement-system disorders (orthopedic assessment). Once you grasp the importance of this relationship, you'll find that understanding kinesiology is an inseparable part of the assessment process.
The field of kinesiology is composed of three separate disciplines: musculoskeletal anatomy, neuromuscular physiology and biomechanics. Musculoskeletal anatomy is perhaps the most obvious of the three with relation to orthopedic assessment. Identifying the structures involved in various pain or injury conditions starts with knowing the anatomy. If the client has anterior knee pain from overuse, knowledge of the different tissues that could produce that pain, such as the patellar tendon, quadriceps retinaculum or sub-chondral bone underneath the patella, is essential in assessing the problem. A detailed knowledge of anatomy ,combined with well-developed palpation skills, are excellent tools for the soft-tissue practitioner; this gives us a distinct advantage in identifying pathologies.
Neuromuscular physiology, the second branch of kinesiology, is also important to assessment. While one might feel bogged down with the effort involved in memorizing muscle attachments (anatomy) and actions (physiology), there are more interesting applications of these studies. For example, in discussing neuromuscular physiology, anatomy texts focus on the role of a muscle's concentric action; eccentric and isometric actions are rarely listed. However, it is just as important to identify other functions of a muscle, because they may be more important for assessing the nature of an injury.
A case in point would include what commonly occurs when a person injures his or her back while bending over to pick something up. If you analyze the motion used in the midst of the injury, you notice that flexion of the torso occurs while bending over. Consequently, you might then assume that the muscles involved in forward torso flexion would be engaged, thus identifying the rectus abdominis and iliopsoas as the major muscles that flex the torso; however, bending over to pick something up does not use these muscles much at all. This motion is governed much more by eccentric activation of the spinal extensor muscles. The process of bending over from a standing position and using these muscles eccentrically is a common mechanism of injury. When you understand how these muscles are used in various activities, you can do a much better job of evaluating the muscles involved in the injury.
The final branch of kinesiology, biomechanics, is commonly confused with kinesiology, but it is actually a separate branch of science that helps make up the discipline of kinesiology. Biomechanics is the field that studies the application of principles of mechanical physics to organic systems. So, identifying how much tensile stress may occur to a ligament before the fibers become stretched and torn (a ligament sprain), for example, involves the field of biomechanics.
Simple biomechanical principles are routinely used in kinesiology and also become an important part of orthopedic assessment. If a client reports knee pain when descending stairs, we use biomechanical principles to identify the different types of stress to different tissues in and around the knee. The menisci of the knee are under compressive stress and could produce pain during this activity. The patellar tendon and retinaculum are under tensile stress and could also produce pain in an activity like this. There is some tensile stress on the anterior cruciate ligament as it helps in the deceleration process as well. Knowing what types of mechanical stresses these tissues are exposed to will give valuable clues for identifying the source of the client's pain.
If you can get past the initial roadblocks to kinesiology that may have been constructed from previous experiences in school, you can appreciate this fascinating science. It is an integral part of orthopedic assessment and should therefore be a tool that is readily used in your clinical practice if you are attempting to treat any kind of pain or injury condition with massage.
Click here for more information about Whitney Lowe, LMT.
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