resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Don't Turn a 2 Into a 10
The Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale1 is so useful because it can be used by almost anyone. Patients can use the numbers associated with the faces depicted on the scale or select the face that demonstrates their current level of pain from 0-10.
Thoughts to Live By
When speaking to your patients about their health make sure to ponder the following points and have them assess if they are making themselves even more sick by the thoughts they have about life. Are these some of the traits and thoughts that your patients might have?
History of Animal Acupuncture: Part II
In Part I of this article, I had gone back to 1969 and tried to describe the atmosphere and events of that year that engulfed many of the younger generation, some who were all the core members of the National Acupuncture Association.
Get Ready For AOM Day
This year, AOM Day 2014 falls on Friday, (October 24th). This is a great opportunity to make your AOM Day celebration or event even bigger by extending it throughout the weekend!
News in Brief
National Chiropractic Health Month: Be Proactive; Collegiate Roundup: Academic Appointments at Parker, Logan.
A Healthy Dose of Failure is Vital to Your Success
As an acupuncturist I tend to see people after they have already suffered for years and "tried everything." They are so desperate for some relief that they want to know everything about how to get better, right now.
Why Young People Need Chiropractic Now More Than Ever
According to a recent study published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, "It is now widely acknowledged that neck pain (NP), mid back pain (MBP), and low back pain (LBP) (spinal pain) start early in life and that the lifetime prevalence increases rapidly during adolescence to reach adult levels at the age of 18."
MPA Media Wins Seven Publishing Awards
MPA Media, publisher of Acupuncture Today, among other titles, has been recognized for editorial and design excellence with an unprecendented seven publishing awards by the ASBPE, the nation's largest organization for business-to-business publications.
A Vibrating Capsule for Constipation? Relevance to Your Chiropractic Practice
The relationship between gastrointestinal (GI) complaints and back pain is not typically written about or discussed.
The Science Behind Happiness
Are you happy right now? Whether yes or no, there are a myriad of reasons why you feel that way. A whole academic discipline has developed to find out what causes or obstructs happiness, and how to amplify it.
Pain Underfoot: Metatarsalgia
Foot pain can interfere significantly with normal activities and severely limit participation in sports. Metatarsalgia is foot pain involving the metatarsal bones in the forefoot – the complaint of pain on the bottom of the ball of the foot.
Waking Up the Gluteus Maximus
In previous articles in this series, we expounded on the importance of the gluteus maximus (GM) in athletic performance and protecting the knee from injury. We also know there is a link between iliotibial band syndrome and GM weakness.
Chiropractic Research in Review
Chiropractic Treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis; Cost / Benefit Analysis: Different Doses of SMT for Low Back Pain; Imaging for Occult Rib and Costal Cartilage Fractures; Treating Neck Pain: Thoracic Thrust Manipulation vs. Non-Thrust Mobilization.
When Big Pharma Meets Chinese Medicine
Earlier this year, Bayer made a media splash with their decision to buy the Dihon Pharmaceutical Group Co., a Chinese TCM manufacturer.
The Spirit of the Point
After receiving a large amount of positive feedback on my San Zhen Protocols series, I have decided to focus this article on some relevant clinical aspects of acupuncture therapy prior to moving on to San Zhen Protocols III.
Healing Community Trauma in Israel and Palestine
It's the beginning of August and Israel and Hamas have just agreed to a 72-hour ceasefire after a month of brutal fighting. In the last four weeks, 1,830 Palestinians and 67 Israelis have been killed.
MPA Media Wins 7 Publishing Awards
MPA Media, publisher of Dynamic Chiropractic and DC Practice Insights, among other titles, has been recognized for editorial and design excellence with an unprecedented seven publishing awards by the American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE), the nation's largest organization for business-to-business publications.
A Glimpse Into China's Top Brain Hospital
The sounds of the city pass through the open window are overwhelming the microphone - car horns, construction machinery - and then there's the family at the adjacent bed talking loudly on cell phones, yet you can still hear the faint beep of our patients monitoring equipment.
The Truth About Herbs
I appreciate the effort and research put into the article written in the June issue of Acupuncture Today regarding pesticides and Chinese herbs.
CCE Finally Takes a "Baby Step" Toward Reform
During a 16-month period from October 2010 to February 2012, I devoted four separate columns to the heavy-handed attempt by the Council on Chiropractic Education to radically change the chiropractic profession through the accreditation process.
August, 2004, Vol. 04, Issue 08
Kinesiolgy and Orthopedic Assessment
By Whitney Lowe, LMT
Kinesiology is a fascinating science; as the study of human movement, it has considerable relevance in the clinical environment. Unfortunately, too often in massage education, this field of study gets reduced to memorization of muscle actions (in order to pass some test), and the whole purpose for studying kinesiology gets lost in the process.Because kinesiology is the study of human movement, and because the field of orthopedics deals with movement-system disorders, kinesiology is an essential science for the process of evaluating movement-system disorders (orthopedic assessment). Once you grasp the importance of this relationship, you'll find that understanding kinesiology is an inseparable part of the assessment process.
The field of kinesiology is composed of three separate disciplines: musculoskeletal anatomy, neuromuscular physiology and biomechanics. Musculoskeletal anatomy is perhaps the most obvious of the three with relation to orthopedic assessment. Identifying the structures involved in various pain or injury conditions starts with knowing the anatomy. If the client has anterior knee pain from overuse, knowledge of the different tissues that could produce that pain, such as the patellar tendon, quadriceps retinaculum or sub-chondral bone underneath the patella, is essential in assessing the problem. A detailed knowledge of anatomy ,combined with well-developed palpation skills, are excellent tools for the soft-tissue practitioner; this gives us a distinct advantage in identifying pathologies.
Neuromuscular physiology, the second branch of kinesiology, is also important to assessment. While one might feel bogged down with the effort involved in memorizing muscle attachments (anatomy) and actions (physiology), there are more interesting applications of these studies. For example, in discussing neuromuscular physiology, anatomy texts focus on the role of a muscle's concentric action; eccentric and isometric actions are rarely listed. However, it is just as important to identify other functions of a muscle, because they may be more important for assessing the nature of an injury.
A case in point would include what commonly occurs when a person injures his or her back while bending over to pick something up. If you analyze the motion used in the midst of the injury, you notice that flexion of the torso occurs while bending over. Consequently, you might then assume that the muscles involved in forward torso flexion would be engaged, thus identifying the rectus abdominis and iliopsoas as the major muscles that flex the torso; however, bending over to pick something up does not use these muscles much at all. This motion is governed much more by eccentric activation of the spinal extensor muscles. The process of bending over from a standing position and using these muscles eccentrically is a common mechanism of injury. When you understand how these muscles are used in various activities, you can do a much better job of evaluating the muscles involved in the injury.
The final branch of kinesiology, biomechanics, is commonly confused with kinesiology, but it is actually a separate branch of science that helps make up the discipline of kinesiology. Biomechanics is the field that studies the application of principles of mechanical physics to organic systems. So, identifying how much tensile stress may occur to a ligament before the fibers become stretched and torn (a ligament sprain), for example, involves the field of biomechanics.
Simple biomechanical principles are routinely used in kinesiology and also become an important part of orthopedic assessment. If a client reports knee pain when descending stairs, we use biomechanical principles to identify the different types of stress to different tissues in and around the knee. The menisci of the knee are under compressive stress and could produce pain during this activity. The patellar tendon and retinaculum are under tensile stress and could also produce pain in an activity like this. There is some tensile stress on the anterior cruciate ligament as it helps in the deceleration process as well. Knowing what types of mechanical stresses these tissues are exposed to will give valuable clues for identifying the source of the client's pain.
If you can get past the initial roadblocks to kinesiology that may have been constructed from previous experiences in school, you can appreciate this fascinating science. It is an integral part of orthopedic assessment and should therefore be a tool that is readily used in your clinical practice if you are attempting to treat any kind of pain or injury condition with massage.
Click here for more information about Whitney Lowe, LMT.
Join the conversation
Comments are encouraged, but you must follow our User Agreementcomments powered by Disqus
Keep it civil and stay on topic. No profanity, vulgar, racist or hateful comments or personal attacks. Anyone who chooses to exercise poor judgement will be blocked. By posting your comment, you agree to allow MPA Media the right to republish your name and comment in additional MPA Media publications without any notification or payment.