resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
A Conversation With Dr. Betty Edmond
This month's column is an exclusive interview with Betty Edmond MD, newly elected CEO/President of the AOMA Graduate School of Integrative Medicine in Austin, Texas.
Qigong for Substance Abuse
It is commonly believed that substance abuse, in addition to harming one’s physiological state, hurts the spirit. There is also a belief that one’s spirit does not weaken due to substance abuse, but rather, the person finds solace in addiction due to an already weak spirit.
Low Back Pain in Running Athletes
After 7 million years of adapting to upright postures, the lumbar spine and pelvis have become remarkably adept at managing ground-reactive forces associated with running.
We Get Letters & Email
Our Country Needs Us Between Elections, Too; Continuing Care: We Aren't There Yet; Our Associations Need to Do More.
An Opportunity & a Responsibility
Nearly 80 Americans die from an opioid-related overdose every day, and spine-related pain is one of the principle drivers of opioid use. This unfortunate situation creates both an opportunity and a responsibility.
True Practice Mobility for the Chiropractic Profession
When natural disasters occur, chiropractors can literally travel to the other side of the world to offer humanitarian relief in less than a day. The chiropractor's license to legally practice, however, can't make it past the state line.
News in Brief
Updated Neck Pain & Whiplash Guideline; Attention, IHS DCs; New VP of Institutional Advancement At Palmer; N.J. DC Interns At U.S. Olympic Training Center; Chiropractic Society Of R.I. On The Front Lines.
Prepare for the End, From the Beginning: Wealth Building and Retirement with the Tao
Yin and yang flow into and out from one another continually. Beginnings become endings and endings become beginnings again. Wholeness and cycles are the nature of Tao.
Five Branches University Has First Hospital TCM Residency
Established in 1984, Five Branches University (FBU) has campuses in Santa Cruz and San Jose, Calif., which serve the communities of Santa Cruz, the Monterey Bay, and Silicon Valley.
Anti-Aging With Dr. Ping Zhang
Jennifer Waters, TCM practitioner and writer of the Acupuncture Today column, "Talking With the Masters" sat down with Dr. Ping Zhang to discuss aniti-aging with acupuncture.
Shoulder Rehab: Start With the Scapula
The scapula is an incredible display of elegance and movement within the biomechanics of human motion. It's evolved for mobility and stability in the scapulo-thoracic region, giving us the ability to do things that are uniquely human, such as throwing with accuracy.
Scar Reduction With Acupuncture & Microneedling (Part 2)
Protocols & treatment Timing
Flirting With Alternative Therapies
There are about as many adjunct therapies being marketed to acupuncturists as there are acupuncturists. While some may remain purist in their application of traditional Chinese medicine, others choose to explore new horizons of treatment.
The Acupuncture Channel System (Part 1)
The earliest Chinese reference to channels is in the Mawangdui Medical Manuscripts,1 which are dated to the Warring States period of the Zhou Dynasty (475 BC-221 AD). The text presents 11 channels. There are no acupuncture points listed in those channels.
The Case Report: A Valuable Tool
Case reports are a valuable form of descriptive research. The most basic form of practice-based research, a case report is a detailed account of the history, presenting symptoms, assessment, observations, treatment and follow-up of an individual patient, discussed in the context of prior and potential future research.
Another Step Forward for Chiropractic
Chiropractic is now available to 86,000-plus Latter-Day Saints missionaries and you are invited to become a provider. LDS membership in not required; our only concern is that our missionaries get the best quality care available.
Crow Like the Rooster
As we welcome in the Year of the Rooster, we look at some of its major characteristics: confidence and communication, which suits the image we have of the Rooster...strutting in the farmyard, crowing to the others that it's time to wake up.
Let's Clear Up the Collection Confusion
This is an often-misunderstood practice swirling with misinformation. First, a few basics: Insurance is a contract between the patient and the insurance company. The insurance company is simply making a payment for services or care on behalf of the patient.
A New Year and Vision for the ACA
Inadequate pain management coupled with the epidemic of prescription opioid overuse and abuse has taken a severe toll on the lives of millions of people in the United States. Every day, more than 1,000 people are treated in the ER for misusing prescription opioids.
The winter season is upon us and offers unique challenges for the clinician and patient alike. To effectively navigate through the winter season there are two main TCM medicinals, Huang Qi and Gan Jiang, to consider, as well as two important formulas which feature these two TCM treasures.
An Education in Gluten Sensitivity
A relatively new syndrome officially documented as non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) or gluten sensitivity (GS) was officially recognized and published in the new list of gluten-related disorders in 2012.
Nutrition for Menopause: Front-Line Therapy for All Phases
Of all the changes women experience during their reproductive life, there is no doubt the most dreaded are the three phases of menopause. This is not surprising since all of the symptoms associated with menopause are replete with unpleasantness.
June, 2004, Vol. 04, Issue 06
Cholesterol: Friend of Foe?
By John Upledger, DO, OMM
As a physician who is passionate about all aspects of the human body, I frequently get questions about situations outside of the realm of CranioSacral Therapy. One such topic that has come up a lot over the last few years is that of cholesterol.With all the talk about the evils of cholesterol, you might think it is a dangerous substance that should be avoided at all costs. But is it really as terrible as it seems? Let's take a look.
Cholesterol is what is called a sterol molecule, which is any of a group of solid, mostly unsaturated polycyclic alcohol molecules. There is one hydroxyl (OH) group on carbon 3 that makes cholesterol an alcohol. If you aren't savvy in chemistry, don't worry; I'll make it as simple as I can.
Cholesterol is abundant in a wide variety of animal tissues, including human tissue. It is especially abundant in brain, spinal cord and peripheral nervous tissues. It is a generous constituent of the myelin sheathes that serve as insulation for all of the white nervous tissues. Without adequate cholesterol, the myelin disintegrates and the conduction of impulses in all nerve tissues, including the brain, is impaired. So when cholesterol is not present in adequate amounts, brain function is proportionately compromised.
In addition to cholesterol's contribution to myelin, it has more recently been discovered that cholesterol molecules are essential for nerve cells to communicate with each other. It seems that for a message to be successfully sent from a presynaptic neuronal axon to the receiving neuron, on the postsynaptic side of the gap between the two neurons (the gap is the synapse), there must be an abundance of cholesterol molecules on the presynaptic side of the gap (synapse). We don't yet know precisely how this works, but we do know that cholesterol is necessary for the nerve impulse to be transmitted from one neuron to the next.
We also know that cholesterol is the primary molecule from which all of the corticosteroid hormones of the adrenal glands are derived. Without these adrenal corticosteroid hormones, we would live in pain. These hormones are secreted by the adrenal glands. They mitigate the inflammatory responses that are induced and continually produced under any circumstances that stimulate an inflammatory response by the immune system. Without the proper level of corticosteroid hormone being produced by the cortices of the adrenal glands, we probably wouldn't survive attacks of various bacteria, viruses, fungi, molds, allergies, and more. We would simply inflame our lives away.
Another arena in which we would get a tremendous amount of pain is in the area of muscle, tendons, ligaments, fascia, bone wear and tear, etc. The corticosteroids reduce the inflammatory responses in those tissues and bones tremendously. I could go on and on with what inherently produced corticosteroids do for our creature comforts. Yet another arena that requires cholesterol as a primary substance is that of the sex hormones. Cholesterol is the essential basic substance from which our bodies manufacture both male and female sex hormones, i.e., testosterone and the various estrogen- and progesterone-related hormones. Where would we be without cholesterol? We would be asexual and childless. The aforementioned are only some of the things that we know require cholesterol.
Here's one other thing we know for sure about cholesterol: In our skin, in the presence of sunshine, cholesterol is converted to vitamin D, which is necessary for health. Lack of vitamin D in children results in rickets, in which the bones are very soft and easily become misshapen.
In the category of cholesterol functions, there is an argument that I believe began in the 1950s. From 1960 through 1963, I was attending osteopathic medical school and concurrently participating in a biochemistry teaching and research fellowship. I was selected as the award recipient by the biochemistry department chairman, Dr. Stacy F. Howell, who had great experience in the field of biochemistry, and was due to retire at the same time I graduated. Dr. Howell's PhD was from Cornell University where he helped establish proof that enzymes were proteins. His mentor, Dr. J. Sumner, received a Nobel Prize for establishing that same proof.
Dr. Howell and I spent many hours together, and he mentored me several nights. I recall that his friend, Ancel Keyes, PhD, from the University of Minnesota, discovered that there was abundant cholesterol in the plaques that form in arteries. These plaques serve to partially and sometimes completely obstruct the flow of blood through the involved arteries. The medical community immediately took this information from Ancel Keyes and decided that cholesterol was the demon that caused the plaques because when they formed in the arteries to the heart (coronary arteries), a "heart attack" (myocardial infarction) was the result. So it was simple: Cholesterol in the blood was the cause of ischemic (not enough blood) heart disease.
Within a year following his discovery, Ancel Keyes tried to reason with the "powers that be" that simply because cholesterol was present in the plaques did not mean it was the cause of the plaques. It struck Dr. Howell that the medical community was eager to find a cause for ischemic heart disease, a.k.a. coronary artery disease, and it could be treated by lowering blood cholesterol. The simplicity of the concept overcame scientific scrutiny. I listened to Dr. Howell and respected his wisdom; I also felt that Dr. Keyes should be listened to very seriously.
A few years later, a heart surgeon from Texas named Michael DeBakey hypothesized that the artery became infected by a bacteria, virus, etc., first, and that part of the body's defense might be to isolate the infected and inflamed area in the artery so that it would not spread throughout the arterial system and become lethal. Dr. DeBakey suggested that the cholesterol deposits might be part of the body's attempt to isolate the inflamed/infected part of the artery before it spread. Shortly after hearing Dr. DeBakey's ideas, I went to Mexico City to study with Dr. Demetrio Sodi-Pallares, a well-known cardiologist. Dr. Sodi agreed with Dr. DeBakey. I performed several autopsies with Dr. Sodi while I was there, and he showed me some instances in which plaque was not present, and the inflammatory response to a spreading infection in the coronary arteries was the cause of death.
With this information, I offer the idea that cholesterol is not the demon that it is touted to be. First, I believe that Mother Nature would not have the liver manufacturing cholesterol in response to physiological need if the cholesterol molecule were indeed such a menace to our well-being, and it would not have the intestines absorbing cholesterol from our food intake. If cholesterol were that bad for us, it would mean that Mother Nature wants us dead, and I just cannot accept that idea.
When I was in general practice from 1964 through 1975, a normal blood cholesterol level was 250 to 300 mg% (mg% being the number of milligrams of cholesterol per 100 milliliters or cubic centimeters of blood). Now doctors want it to be at 125mg% or less. I believe that cholesterol is an effective part of the immune system's armament against disease invasions. When we starve our bodies for cholesterol, we get sick and taken over by depressive moods more often. Frankly, I believe that the statin medications that are used to lower cholesterol production by the liver are far more toxic than blood cholesterol of 300mg%. As far as "good" and "bad" cholesterols are concerned, I believe that Mother Nature can deal with that better than medicine can.
Editor's note: This article has been written for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for personal medical advice. Please consult your physician with any questions or concerns you may have about your health.
Click here for previous articles by John Upledger, DO, OMM.
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