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Environmental Toxins: Cause of Modern Illness, Part 2
In Part I of this article, we detailed the variety of environmental toxins assaulting our bodies. These include pesticides and herbicides; plastics; preservatives; cosmetics; gasoline additives, solvents and glues; and heavy metals.
Fight Colorectal Cancer With Folic Acid
CRC is the second most common cause of cancer mortality in the U.S. and Canada. Although genetic susceptibility plays a role in the etiology of CRC, dietary factors, including certain vitamins, have also been shown to influence the development of the disease in various studies.
The Conscious Evolution of Healing: Importance of Opening the Sensory Portals in Classical Chinese Medicine
The Chinese medical classics are not just clinical guides. They give advice; ways we can awaken more fully into conscious awareness.
Three for One: The Cervical Distraction Test
Taking the time to do an exam is important, but it is time spent. The exam serves as a way to physically validate your clinical impression following a history and clinical consultation.
The App Advantage: Get More for Less
You may have noticed the list of "app-exclusive" articles in the directory on the front page of the print issue and in the Table of Contents on page 4. You can't find these articles in print or even in our online archives.
Professionalism and Evidence-Based Health Care
Today's chiropractors are facing a conundrum with the Affordable Care Act and its health care reform requirements, including evidence-based practice and health technology assessment.
The Way of Zen Performance Enhancement
Working with elite athletes and implementing various techniques to keep athletes focused and at their optimal performance for a sustained period of time includes incorporating various meditation techniques that counterbalance their sport-specific physical and mental demands, which is an important element of success throughout the years.
We Get Letters & Email
Rethinking Our Approach to Immunization; Coming Together for the Good of Our Patients.
Show Up and Show Respect
I was recently asked about my chiropractic philosophy. My answer surprised my questioner.
Helping to Create the Healthiest Generation
The imperative to create the "Healthiest Generation by 2030," envisioned by the American Public Health Association (APHA), was in full force at the APHA's 142nd Annual Meeting held in New Orleans from November 15-19, 2014.
Right Back Where We Started?
More than 25 years after Judge Susan Getzendanner issued her historic opinion in the Wilk v AMA anti-trust case, evidence suggests that despite increasing collaboration between doctors of chiropractic and their allopathic medical counterparts, when it comes to organized medicine, we may be right back where we started.
How to Use Online Video as a Tool to Market Your Practice
Health care practitioners, including chiropractors, should consider online videos as a key element of their Internet marketing strategy. In the next three years, videos are expected to account for nearly 70 percent of all consumer online traffic, according to Cisco.
AWB Makes a Difference in the Yucatan
We are in the sleepy town of Izamal, located about an hour from the Merida airport where our group arrived last night. Later that morning, on a bus winding through the dusty roads of the Yucatan, fourteen acupuncturists, two facilitators from AWB and two tour guides make their way to the small rustic town of Popola.
Taking the Freeze Out of Adhesive Capsulitis
Adhesive capsulitis or "frozen shoulder" is a relatively common condition resulting in severe shoulder pain and global loss of glenohumeral joint range of motion. Incidence of the condition is approximately 3 percent in the general population.
Movement Assessments: The DC's Sphygmomanometer
I think back to when I was going through chiropractic school outpatient clinic. I was embarrassed to have my family and friends come in for treatment because initial evaluations took three hours to complete.
The Static Postural Pelvic Exam
I include a static postural analysis in my evaluation routine whether you are a patient in pain or an elite-sport athlete in training. In my day-to-day practice, I require patients to stand still while I "just look" at them.
Two for One: The Cervical Distraction Test
In today's healthcare system, diagnoses and treatment plans follow a western medical model - especially if you work with attorneys or insurance companies.
Trouble Down Under: San Zhen Therapy for Lower Jiao Issues
In the last several columns, I have discussed many clinical options for utilizing San Zhen or Three Needle Therapy. In this installment, I will continue this trend and discuss several foundational patterns which can be found in several very common clinical presentations.
Chiropractic Research in Review
Occupational LBP in Primary- and High-School Teachers; Treating MVA Complications With Chiropractic Care; Neck Pain: Immediate Effects of Active Scapular Correction; Taping Benefits Stride, Step Length in Fatigued Runners.
Acupuncture and its Place in the Integrative Healthcare Practice: The Need to Move from Modality to Profession
Acupuncture and oriental medicine (AOM) has grown and flourished from its inception thousands of years ago in China. In surrounding regions of Asia, AOM developed as a response to differing cultural, pathological, health and wellness care needs.
Happy New Year 2015 Gong Hoy Fat Choi
Welcome to the year of the sheep! We begin a new year guided by the sign of a quietly and creatively organized animal.
I Felt it in My Fingers First
I'm not afraid to say it. Massage therapists make better acupuncturists. I'll tell you how I know, but first I have a question: What do a microcurrent device, a laser and a hippie massage therapist have in common?
Animal Acupuncture Gaining in Popularity
We have just finished the year of the fire hoarse and now it is time to spend some time alone, daydreaming and thinking outside the box in terms of where our profession is headed. The sheep person is well organized and creative so this should not be difficult to do.
Ringing in the Billing New Year
What are the new modifiers that replace modifier 59? Will they allow doctors of chiropractic to be paid for 97140, manual therapy, when done with chiropractic manipulation?
Age and Fertility: Why We Should Worry Less About Age and More About Overall Health
Recently, on one of the acupuncture alumni forums, the topic of age and fertility came up when a practitioner posted a question regarding a patient that was about to turn 40-years-old.
June, 2004, Vol. 04, Issue 06
By Keith Eric Grant, PhD, NCTMB
There's nothing like a bit of personal involvement to motivate learning.With a disposition to burning the candle at both ends, a semi-addiction to exercise, and a tendency toward upper-respiratory allergies, I'm all too prone to catching a head cold from a school-bound offspring or world-traveling colleague. Generally, it's not the respiratory symptoms that impact me most, but the mental fog, tendency to nod off, and general malaise that comes with them. It's the immune system chemicals called cytokines, believed to result in the systemic response, that are the focus of this article. What's particularly fascinating about cytokines is that they show up in the literature on infections, allergies, exercise, stress responses, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue syndrome.
The local response to infection or tissue injury involves the production of cytokines, which are released at the site of inflammation. Cytokines facilitate an influx of lymphocytes, neutrophils, monocytes and other cells, which participate in the clearing of antigens and healing of tissue. The local inflammatory response is accompanied by a systemic response, known as the acute phase response.6
Similar to explicit tissue injury, strenuous exercise is also accompanied by an increase in circulating proinflammatory and inflammation-responsive cytokines.7 This effect is observed both from long events, such as marathons, and from shorter, intense episodes of eccentric exercise. The cytokine response following exercise is also affected by nutritional factors such as carbohydrate loading or restriction.6
Cytokines are potent mediators of immune activity. These chemicals carry messages from one cell group to another and invoke the most powerful of whole-body defense responses. The cytokines include the interferons and interleukins, which cause many of the symptoms of bacterial and viral infections - fever, headache, generalized aching, fatigue, weakness, and clouded consciousness.3 Injection of proinflammatory cytokines has reproduced many of these acute phase symptoms.
Cytokine production also responds to stress. It is now well established that the central nervous, endocrine and immune systems interact with each other; psychological stress can down-regulate the immune response by affecting the interplay of these systems. The interactions are complex, involving both the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) and the autonomic nervous system.4
It's been proposed that cytokines, reacting to partial protein production by latent viral infections, could be a mechanism involved in chronic fatigue syndrome.4 The viruses could be partially reactivated; that is, viral proteins could be produced at levels high enough to cause a low-grade infection, but too low to be seen using current laboratory assays.5 Stress is also thought to play a role in viral reactiviation.
Cytokines may also play an important role in the more systemic effects of allergic rhinitis, symptoms that include fatigue and difficulty concentrating. One possibility is that allergy stimulates the release of cytokines, which have been shown to produce achiness and fatigue, as well as cognitive impairment. It may also interfere with adrenergic and cholinergic activity in the central nervous system, thereby impairing attention.1
In my December 2002 article, "Flushing Out Myths" (www.massagetoday.com/archives/2002/12/08.html) I advanced the opinion that post-massage reactions similar to flu might be due to an induced response of normally subclinical fibromyalgia; a concept advanced by Leon Chaitow.2 I noted: "I tend to think of a body's neurochemical system on the edge of its ability to adapt being pushed temporarily beyond the edge by accommodating to the work being done. This reaction may be exacerbated by effects of athletic overtraining or by a genetic metabolic predisposition." The post-massage production of proinflammatory cytokines would be a possible mechanism leading to this result. Chaitow has also noted the involvement of cytokines in fibromyalgia.
The possibility of inducing a proinflammatory response should caution us not to probe too deeply, too fast into the unknown client. It is better to start a first session moderately and then adjust based on following up the client's response. On the other hand, since the immune response is impacted by stress, reducing perceived stress and its effects within the musculature may help the client's body to cope with the otherwise unmanageable. Sometimes our lesser effort is more. It's all in the intention and the attention we bring.
Editor's note: Due to the transient nature of the Internet, some links may not be operational.
Click here for previous articles by Keith Eric Grant, PhD, NCTMB.
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