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PCOM Granted Regional Accreditation
Pacific College of Oriental Medicine (PCOM) recently announce it has received regional accreditation from the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC). This achievement reflects five years of hard work on the part of faculty, staff, and students.
Professional Credentialing and Board Certification: An Ethical Faux Pas
Because of the Affordable Care Act, health care systems are coordinating care through accountable care organizations (ACOs) in order to reduce the cost of care and improve quality of care.
How Much Do You Know About the Benefits of Birds Nest?
Edible bird's nest is the nest made by the Swiftlet bird of Southeast Asia that is usually prepared as a soup and prized in Chinese culture as a healthful delicacy.
First Do No Harm?
There's no questioning the frightening nature of breast cancer, which strikes one in eight women in the U.S. – eclipsed only by skin cancer in terms of prevalence.
A Poor Choice for Pain Relief
Acetaminophen is the most popular pain reliever in the U.S., accounting for an estimated 27 billion annual doses as of 2009. With 100,000-plus hospital visits a year by users, it's also the most likely to be taken inappropriately.
The Tide is Rising in the Acupuncture Profession
Former President Ronald Regan said, "When the tide rises all boats float." The tide is rising for the acupuncture profession. Many forces outside the profession are helping the tides to rise.
The Challenges of Integrating Eastern and Western Medicine
My Masters thesis was titled, "The Challenges of Integrating Eastern and Western Medicine," which highlighted several reasons why it is hard for these two worlds to mix.
Leg-Length Inequality and Pelvic Fixation: A New Approach to the Negative Derifield (Part 2)
As we noted in our previous article, with a positive Derifield (+D), the doctor observes the reactive (shorter) leg in the prone position that becomes longer or "crosses over" in the flexed position.
Reducing the Autogenic Inhibition Reflex: Making Weak Muscles Strong
The autogenic inhibition (AI) reflex is a sudden relaxation of a muscle in response to excess tension.
The Acupuncturist's Problem
I want share with you some observations and insights into what seems to be the most common problem my colleagues in the acupuncture profession struggles with. If you also struggle with this problem, I hope you get a valuable "aha" moment from reading this.
Spieth Thanks His Chiropractor After Historic Masters Win
Jordan Spieth didn't just capture the hearts of golf enthusiasts worldwide with his record-setting, wire-to-wire victory at the 79th Masters Tournament.
ACA or ICA: Which Best Represents You?
Last June, I was honored to represent Texas ICA members as their representative assemblyman at the ICA Annual Meeting in Kansas City.
Green Tea Improves Cognitive Function in Elderly Subjects
Publishing their results in the journal Nutrients in May 2014, researchers showed that drinking the equivalent of 2-4 cups of brewed green tea (or bottled tea) daily improved cognitive function or reduced the progression of cognitive dysfunction in elderly subjects.
Rethinking Musculoskeletal Pain – A Public Health Perspective
The American Public Health Association (APHA) is the world's oldest and largest association of its kind, founded more than 140 years ago and boasting over 25,000 members.
Integrating Art with Clinical Practice for Patients with PTSD: The Artemis Project
Are you restricted by those one-on-one clinic dynamics? Why not join colleagues and clients in experimental group settings? Three of us volunteered to do just that in Austin on behalf of women veteranss from all branches of the service.
Marijuana, Apathy and Chinese Medicine, Part 1
This article was written in response to the unheeded acceptance of marijuana as a harmless substance that potentially does good when used for the medical relief of pain.
Our Biggest Challenges to Compete in Wellness Care
In the first article in this four-article series [May 1 DC], I made the case that chiropractors should either embrace offering lifestyle wellness in their practices or face the possibility of losing their place in the wellness care marketplace.
We Get Letters & Email
A House Divided? (May 1 issue) provoked significant response from readers. Here are several of the surprisingly similar comments we received.
5 Simple Steps to Create an Effective Marketing Calendar
In the educational experience of most healthcare practitioners, business and marketing are overlooked topics.
Medicine is Clumsy, Don't You Be
All medical systems have clumsiness in them. If the technique isn't, the practitioner is. Everyone in every form of medicine is striving to improve. That is why we call it practice.
Animal Acupuncture: A Case Study in the Treatment of Traumatic Injury in the Equine
The rise of animal acupuncture in the U.S. began in the early 1970's as a result of the work by members of the National Acupuncture Association in Westwood, Calif.
5 Tips for Using Pinterest to Market Your Practice
Pinterest is a very popular, but often under-utilized, social media platform where people can bookmark, or "pin," fun and interesting things from all across the internet.
May, 2004, Vol. 04, Issue 05
CranioSacral Therapy: Who Shall Do It?
By John Upledger, DO, OMM
In 1977, while I was preparing to conduct a research project involving the use of CranioSacral Therapy (CST) with learning-disabled children, a superintendent of special education suggested that one in 20 children (5 percent) in the Michigan public school system suffered from some form of brain dysfunction.I found this statement utterly astonishing, and very sobering.
This educator was only guessing, but he had been in the school system for over 25 years, so his "guess" carried a lot of observation, experience and wisdom. Even if he was more than 100 percent pessimistic in his estimate, how would we ever be able to offer quality CST to even one in every 100 (1 percent) of the millions of public-school children in Michigan and the rest of the country?
My initial hypothesis suggested that about 50 percent of brain-dysfunctional children could receive significant benefits from CST. (By "brain dysfunction" I mean a wide spectrum of problems, ranging from attention deficit disorder and hyperkinesis to debilitating seizure disorders and cerebral palsy, as well as dyslexia, dyscalcula, speech and motor function disorders, autism and childhood schizophrenia.) However, the children would all have to be CranioSacrally evaluated to determine who would benefit from a full course of treatment.
In Michigan in 1977, there were fewer than 10 osteopathic physicians who were functionally familiar with cranial osteopathy. There were only three or four who were familiar with our brand of CST, which is quite different from the osteopathic and chiropractic versions of cranial manipulation. CST focuses on the membrane as the most common source of craniosacral system dysfunction, and hydraulics (dictating the flow of cerebrospinal fluid through the system) as the means of evaluation and treatment.
A few months earlier, I had presented the second of a series of five-day CST seminars to a group of clinical staff members at the Menninger Foundation in Topeka, Kan. My purpose had been to introduce the pediatric group to CST as an expansion of its program for the treatment of dysfunctional children. It was during this second seminar that I devised the "10-Step Protocol," which could be used by nonphysician clinical staff members. This protocol was essentially a "cookbook" method that, if carried out by a therapist on a patient, would serve several purposes:
The rest was taken care of in the design of the 10-Step Protocol. We introduced the underlying anatomy and physiology during the CST seminars we presented at Menninger, but it was not necessary to have extensive knowledge of these principles in order to practice the protocol on a patient. This practice is safe and beneficial to the patient, and instructional to the student therapist.
I also developed the 10-Step Protocol because it was clear to me that the psychiatrists and other physicians at the Menninger Foundation would not (and probably could not) take time to do 30 or 40 minutes of concentrated hands-on therapy with a patient one-on-one, in addition to their psychotherapeutic talk sessions and psychopharmacologic-management responsibilities. Also, some expressed the opinion that "touching the patient" in the way we prescribed in CST would interfere with their objectivity as attending psychiatrists.
My second Menninger seminar was, therefore, largely attended by nonphysician therapists whom would do the hands-on work with pediatric patients. It was my first attempt to teach CST techniques to nurses, physical therapists and psychologists; it seemed successful. The interest was high and the work they were doing in the seminar was of good quality. During the following weeks, I received several telephone calls from nonphysician therapists who reported exciting successes with a variety of patients through the use of CST.
With this recent experience in mind, I saw a possible solution to the problem of how to provide CST evaluation and therapy to such a large number of Michigan public-school children. If the special-education superintendent was correct, we needed to be able to evaluate 5 percent of all public-school children enrolled in Michigan. If I was right, 2.5 percent of those enrolled in public school needed in-depth CST.
I discussed the problem of the lack of CST-qualified physicians with the dean of the College of Osteopathic Medicine at Michigan State University (MSU), where I was then a full-time faculty member. I described my positive experience teaching CST to nonphysician therapists at the Menninger Foundation, and obtained permission to explore the possibility in Michigan. As things have a way of happening, there was a school for multi-disabled children in Lansing, Michigan; CST, and my use of it, had become a major topic of conversation among its staff, because there was 4-year-old boy enrolled there whom I had treated in France earlier that year. During the series of CST sessions in France he had progressed rather dramatically - from hemiplegic to slightly motor impaired. He and his mother followed me back to Michigan for further treatment. By "coincidence," one of the physical therapists at this school had seen this little boy a year earlier at the Bobath Center in England. At that time the child was hemiplegic; now he wasn't.
My reception at the school was warm. The mother and therapist had both described the boy's progress to the staff members, who were waiting with open arms when I came in, and suggested that I teach them CST. We worked through the university. I initially taught the course one night a week for one university quarter. MSU provided the enrollees with postgraduate credit for course completion. Soon, we expanded the CST curriculum to two quarters.
The course enrollment began to include therapists of varied backgrounds from other centers for disabled children around the state, and from Ohio and Indiana nearby. (I discovered news travels very fast on the disabled-child network.) The enrollees were physical therapists, occupational therapists, nurses, special-education teachers, school psychologists and the like. Within a short time, there were a few physicians and chiropractors, as well.
At the same time I was teaching these open-enrollment courses, I was also teaching CST to full-time osteopathic and medical students within their respective colleges. This dual activity offered me an excellent chance to compare progress in the use of CST between the two groups. I taught essentially the same material to both.
In general, I found the nonphy-sician therapists a little better at learning and applying the evaluation and therapy techniques than the osteopathic and medical students. I think this was largely due to the differences in actual hands-on work experience, and the dedication of practicing therapists that develops as they see disabled children improving under their hands. The osteopathic and medical students did not have these experiences and motivating factors available to them. I also found a higher level of manual sensitivity in the majority of experienced therapists that the student physicians did not possess. This manual sensitivity is extremely necessary for the high-quality practice of CST.
The results obtained with patients (which is what it should be all about) of nonphysician therapists from a wide variety of disciplines were excellent. Since those first experiences, I've gone on to train thousands of massage therapists and other professional health care providers, who have done very well with CST. Now, we often teach the parents of disabled children to do this work on their children. After all, our goal is to help those in need.
So the question remains: Who can do CranioSacral Therapy? The answer is simple. Anyone who is motivated, compassionate, sensitive, and willing to subordinate his or her ego so that the patient is the most important factor.
Click here for previous articles by John Upledger, DO, OMM.
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