resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Improving Our Political Effectiveness
The November 2014 elections are right around the corner; members of Congress, governors and state legislators are all running. Now is a good time to talk frankly about our overall political involvement.
A Commonly Missed Spinal Fixation: The Upper Lumbar Spine (Part 1)
When we think of lower back pain, we tend to think in terms of the lower lumbar spine and the SI joint. These joints and their discs are obviously important. However, we tend to miss fixations that occur just above – in the upper lumbar spine. Three questions come to mind: 1) Why is the upper lumbar spine so important? 2) Why do we miss the fixations here? 3) How can we adjust them?
A Healthy Dose of Failure is Vital to Your Success
As an acupuncturist I tend to see people after they have already suffered for years and "tried everything." They are so desperate for some relief that they want to know everything about how to get better, right now.
The Science Behind Happiness
Are you happy right now? Whether yes or no, there are a myriad of reasons why you feel that way. A whole academic discipline has developed to find out what causes or obstructs happiness, and how to amplify it.
The Problem With Prolonged Sitting
We need to constantly talk to our patients about spending less time sitting and about what can go wrong with poor sitting postures. The fact is we sit too long in repetitive malpositions.
Thoughts to Live By
When speaking to your patients about their health make sure to ponder the following points and have them assess if they are making themselves even more sick by the thoughts they have about life. Are these some of the traits and thoughts that your patients might have?
MPA Media Wins Seven Publishing Awards
MPA Media, publisher of Acupuncture Today, among other titles, has been recognized for editorial and design excellence with an unprecendented seven publishing awards by the ASBPE, the nation's largest organization for business-to-business publications.
History of Animal Acupuncture: Part II
In Part I of this article, I had gone back to 1969 and tried to describe the atmosphere and events of that year that engulfed many of the younger generation, some who were all the core members of the National Acupuncture Association.
When Big Pharma Meets Chinese Medicine
Earlier this year, Bayer made a media splash with their decision to buy the Dihon Pharmaceutical Group Co., a Chinese TCM manufacturer.
Uncle Sam Needs You
Scrutiny into the Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA) continues to grow after efforts to reform the DVA by the former Secretary of Veterans Affairs, Eric Shinseki, were deemed "a stunning period of dysfunction" by Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.).
A Glimpse Into China's Top Brain Hospital
The sounds of the city pass through the open window are overwhelming the microphone - car horns, construction machinery - and then there's the family at the adjacent bed talking loudly on cell phones, yet you can still hear the faint beep of our patients monitoring equipment.
Let the Patient Tell Their Story
Often when a patient presents with an injury, they want to tell their story. People by nature like to talk about themselves, particularly when they're worried about their health.
The Spirit of the Point
After receiving a large amount of positive feedback on my San Zhen Protocols series, I have decided to focus this article on some relevant clinical aspects of acupuncture therapy prior to moving on to San Zhen Protocols III.
Healing Community Trauma in Israel and Palestine
It's the beginning of August and Israel and Hamas have just agreed to a 72-hour ceasefire after a month of brutal fighting. In the last four weeks, 1,830 Palestinians and 67 Israelis have been killed.
Get Ready For AOM Day
This year, AOM Day 2014 falls on Friday, (October 24th). This is a great opportunity to make your AOM Day celebration or event even bigger by extending it throughout the weekend!
The Truth About Herbs
I appreciate the effort and research put into the article written in the June issue of Acupuncture Today regarding pesticides and Chinese herbs.
If You Get a Request for Records, Respond!
In our previous two articles, we discussed two of the main reasons for denial when chiropractic records are reviewed by Medicare contractors.
Help Secure Our Future by Sharing It
The National Board of Chiropractic Examiners (NBCE) conducts one of the most comprehensive surveys of the U.S. chiropractic profession every 4-5 years.
Rethinking GMO: Less Panic, More Context
Some of you may have noticed that after writing parts 1 and 2 of “Genetic Modification of Organisms for Human Consumption” a while back [Nov. 15, 2013 and Jan. 1, 2014 issues], part 3 never appeared.
News in Brief
NBCE Launches Computer-Based Testing Era; California Chiropractors Get Expanded DOT Exam Privileges; New Jeff Hays Documentary.
Medicalization and Mindfulness
The past several years have seen a veritable explosion of research on mindfulness. Research abstracts we've published in each issue of Health Insights Today under the heading "Mind-Body News" have increasingly reported on studies about mindfulness interventions.
May, 2004, Vol. 04, Issue 05
CranioSacral Therapy: Who Shall Do It?
By John Upledger, DO, OMM
In 1977, while I was preparing to conduct a research project involving the use of CranioSacral Therapy (CST) with learning-disabled children, a superintendent of special education suggested that one in 20 children (5 percent) in the Michigan public school system suffered from some form of brain dysfunction.I found this statement utterly astonishing, and very sobering.
This educator was only guessing, but he had been in the school system for over 25 years, so his "guess" carried a lot of observation, experience and wisdom. Even if he was more than 100 percent pessimistic in his estimate, how would we ever be able to offer quality CST to even one in every 100 (1 percent) of the millions of public-school children in Michigan and the rest of the country?
My initial hypothesis suggested that about 50 percent of brain-dysfunctional children could receive significant benefits from CST. (By "brain dysfunction" I mean a wide spectrum of problems, ranging from attention deficit disorder and hyperkinesis to debilitating seizure disorders and cerebral palsy, as well as dyslexia, dyscalcula, speech and motor function disorders, autism and childhood schizophrenia.) However, the children would all have to be CranioSacrally evaluated to determine who would benefit from a full course of treatment.
In Michigan in 1977, there were fewer than 10 osteopathic physicians who were functionally familiar with cranial osteopathy. There were only three or four who were familiar with our brand of CST, which is quite different from the osteopathic and chiropractic versions of cranial manipulation. CST focuses on the membrane as the most common source of craniosacral system dysfunction, and hydraulics (dictating the flow of cerebrospinal fluid through the system) as the means of evaluation and treatment.
A few months earlier, I had presented the second of a series of five-day CST seminars to a group of clinical staff members at the Menninger Foundation in Topeka, Kan. My purpose had been to introduce the pediatric group to CST as an expansion of its program for the treatment of dysfunctional children. It was during this second seminar that I devised the "10-Step Protocol," which could be used by nonphysician clinical staff members. This protocol was essentially a "cookbook" method that, if carried out by a therapist on a patient, would serve several purposes:
The rest was taken care of in the design of the 10-Step Protocol. We introduced the underlying anatomy and physiology during the CST seminars we presented at Menninger, but it was not necessary to have extensive knowledge of these principles in order to practice the protocol on a patient. This practice is safe and beneficial to the patient, and instructional to the student therapist.
I also developed the 10-Step Protocol because it was clear to me that the psychiatrists and other physicians at the Menninger Foundation would not (and probably could not) take time to do 30 or 40 minutes of concentrated hands-on therapy with a patient one-on-one, in addition to their psychotherapeutic talk sessions and psychopharmacologic-management responsibilities. Also, some expressed the opinion that "touching the patient" in the way we prescribed in CST would interfere with their objectivity as attending psychiatrists.
My second Menninger seminar was, therefore, largely attended by nonphysician therapists whom would do the hands-on work with pediatric patients. It was my first attempt to teach CST techniques to nurses, physical therapists and psychologists; it seemed successful. The interest was high and the work they were doing in the seminar was of good quality. During the following weeks, I received several telephone calls from nonphysician therapists who reported exciting successes with a variety of patients through the use of CST.
With this recent experience in mind, I saw a possible solution to the problem of how to provide CST evaluation and therapy to such a large number of Michigan public-school children. If the special-education superintendent was correct, we needed to be able to evaluate 5 percent of all public-school children enrolled in Michigan. If I was right, 2.5 percent of those enrolled in public school needed in-depth CST.
I discussed the problem of the lack of CST-qualified physicians with the dean of the College of Osteopathic Medicine at Michigan State University (MSU), where I was then a full-time faculty member. I described my positive experience teaching CST to nonphysician therapists at the Menninger Foundation, and obtained permission to explore the possibility in Michigan. As things have a way of happening, there was a school for multi-disabled children in Lansing, Michigan; CST, and my use of it, had become a major topic of conversation among its staff, because there was 4-year-old boy enrolled there whom I had treated in France earlier that year. During the series of CST sessions in France he had progressed rather dramatically - from hemiplegic to slightly motor impaired. He and his mother followed me back to Michigan for further treatment. By "coincidence," one of the physical therapists at this school had seen this little boy a year earlier at the Bobath Center in England. At that time the child was hemiplegic; now he wasn't.
My reception at the school was warm. The mother and therapist had both described the boy's progress to the staff members, who were waiting with open arms when I came in, and suggested that I teach them CST. We worked through the university. I initially taught the course one night a week for one university quarter. MSU provided the enrollees with postgraduate credit for course completion. Soon, we expanded the CST curriculum to two quarters.
The course enrollment began to include therapists of varied backgrounds from other centers for disabled children around the state, and from Ohio and Indiana nearby. (I discovered news travels very fast on the disabled-child network.) The enrollees were physical therapists, occupational therapists, nurses, special-education teachers, school psychologists and the like. Within a short time, there were a few physicians and chiropractors, as well.
At the same time I was teaching these open-enrollment courses, I was also teaching CST to full-time osteopathic and medical students within their respective colleges. This dual activity offered me an excellent chance to compare progress in the use of CST between the two groups. I taught essentially the same material to both.
In general, I found the nonphy-sician therapists a little better at learning and applying the evaluation and therapy techniques than the osteopathic and medical students. I think this was largely due to the differences in actual hands-on work experience, and the dedication of practicing therapists that develops as they see disabled children improving under their hands. The osteopathic and medical students did not have these experiences and motivating factors available to them. I also found a higher level of manual sensitivity in the majority of experienced therapists that the student physicians did not possess. This manual sensitivity is extremely necessary for the high-quality practice of CST.
The results obtained with patients (which is what it should be all about) of nonphysician therapists from a wide variety of disciplines were excellent. Since those first experiences, I've gone on to train thousands of massage therapists and other professional health care providers, who have done very well with CST. Now, we often teach the parents of disabled children to do this work on their children. After all, our goal is to help those in need.
So the question remains: Who can do CranioSacral Therapy? The answer is simple. Anyone who is motivated, compassionate, sensitive, and willing to subordinate his or her ego so that the patient is the most important factor.
Click here for previous articles by John Upledger, DO, OMM.
Join the conversation
Comments are encouraged, but you must follow our User Agreementcomments powered by Disqus
Keep it civil and stay on topic. No profanity, vulgar, racist or hateful comments or personal attacks. Anyone who chooses to exercise poor judgement will be blocked. By posting your comment, you agree to allow MPA Media the right to republish your name and comment in additional MPA Media publications without any notification or payment.