resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
One Size Does Not Fit All: Exercise and Nutrition According to Your Yin/Yang Body Type
There are countless new exercise and nutrition plans out there, emphasizing the latest ground-breaking research and claiming to revolutionize the way we view health.
Too Many to Remember: Tips to Revive Your Ortho / Neuro Test Skills
When I was at Palmer in the mid-1980s, we were given a set of notes in one of our diagnostic courses. The notes covered approximately 70 orthopedic and neurological tests for various regions of the body.
The Concussion-Subluxation Complex
In the Aug. 1, 2014 issue of Dynamic Chiropractic, I reviewed some of the literature demonstrating the role of the chiropractic adjustment in post-concussive care.
Mechanism: Experimental Approaches to Understanding Acupuncture, Part 1
The clinical benefits of acupuncture are difficult to ignore, but also can be difficult to explain to a Western audience. For nearly 50 years, relentlessly inquisitive scientists and physicians have been working toward a conceptual model to explain acupuncture.
Omega-3 Fish Oil: An Underappreciated Element of Men's Health
As a clinician with many male patients -- and as a man myself -- I am all too aware of the fact that we like to convince ourselves that we are doing great, when that may be the farthest thing from the truth.
Making Sense of an Increasingly Obvious Conclusion
Where's U.S. health care heading? Like it or not, the list of telltale signs is growing to a point that stands out to even the most myopic observer. Consider this list of facts as you look into the future of health care in the United States:
The Modern Application of Ancient Mei Rong
Chinese Medical Cosmetology (Mei Rong) has a well-documented and venerated history dating back to the Qin (221-206 BC) Dynasty.
Tailor-Made Knee Pain: The Sartorius Muscle
A patient was referred to my office after receiving treatment from various providers with no results. The patient was training for the Olympics as a marathon runner and was unable to run or walk without severe medial knee pain.
Syncretism: Acupuncture and Public Health in Cuba
"Syncretism" is defined as a union of diverse tenets or practices. On a recent trip to Cuba designed to demonstrate the integration of Traditional Medicine and biomedicine, our group witnessed this union firsthand.
F4CP Making a High-Impact Impression
The Foundation for Chiropractic Progress has released details of its 2016 strategy, certain elements of which are already in play. The strategy includes ads, posters and other resources available to all F4CP members.
Which Way is the Energy Going? Are You Burning Yourself Out?
One of the simple methods that I use to define Yin/Yang theory to patients is to ask the question, "Which way is your energy going?"
Diagnose Sprain Injuries in MVA Cases With Dynamic X-Rays (Pt. 1)
Am I the only person to notice hospitals are doing a seemingly insufficient job lately in their initial radiological workup of motor vehicle accident (MVA) victims?
Pro-Con: Swaddling for Newborns
The practice of swaddling has been used for thousands of years and was popular until the 1700s, when it was slowly abandoned by many cultures that considered it old-fashioned or barbaric.
Dietary Fat and Prostate Cancer: An Important Update
K.M. Di Sebastiano and M. Mourtzakis published a review paper examining the role of dietary fat on prostate cancer development and progression late last year that does a stellar job of summarizing the available data on fat and prostate cancer.
Targeting the Bad Apples in the Bunch
While everyone was focused on the conversion to ICD-10, the Office of Inspector General for Health and Human Services released a new report on chiropractic titled "CMS Should Use Targeted Tactics to Curb Questionable and Inappropriate Payments for Chiropractic Services."
Designing a Fitness Plan (Part 1)
It doesn't matter if you come to my practice for pain relief, weight loss, healthy aging or something else. The formula I talk about for each patient's fitness strategy is pretty much the same.
Acupuncture Rising: From Acupuncture Anesthesia to Assisted-IVF, Part 2
Acupuncture's cultural and historical roots go back to the emergence of Chinese civilization. For more than 2,000 years, acupuncture needling has been continuously practiced on the largest population in the world.
Footsteps of the Sages: An Apprenticeship with Dr. Kezhan Zhang
When I met Dr. Kezhen Zhang in May 2013, I was his translator and the integrity, creativity, and passion he demonstrated as a practitioner and advocate of the medicine convinced me to travel to Beijing to study with him.
Born to Energize the Human Spirit: Recollections of Sig Miller
Sig Miller, longtime executive director of the Association of New Jersey Chiropractors (ANJC), passed away on Sept. 17 after a long battle with cancer.
Your Billing Questions Answered
I hear a lot of the following questions: I am afraid I may doing something illegal. I have heard I cannot have different fees for the same service.
It's Time to Review
It is amazing to see the changes that are occurring in the acupuncture profession. Let's look at some of the news and events that have contributed to this growth and awareness.
Chinese Herbs and Pulmonary Fibrosis: A Case Study
"Mary M."* recently celebrated her 90th birthday. Even the former sheriff dropped by to kiss the hand of this diminutive retired teacher, to honor the years she interpreted for him during interviews with Latinas and Latinos.
Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine in the West
We know acupuncture and Oriental medicine as the indigenous medicine of East Asia; in particular China, Korea and Japan are the countries of origin of this wonderful healing system.
North Carolina Acupuncture Board Files Dry Needling Lawsuit
In early September, the NCALB filed a complaint against the North Carolina Board of Physical Therapy Examiners over the issue of dry needling, a form of acupuncture that uses solid needles to puncture the skin and muscle tissue to relieve pain.
May, 2004, Vol. 04, Issue 05
CranioSacral Therapy: Who Shall Do It?
By John Upledger, DO, OMM
In 1977, while I was preparing to conduct a research project involving the use of CranioSacral Therapy (CST) with learning-disabled children, a superintendent of special education suggested that one in 20 children (5 percent) in the Michigan public school system suffered from some form of brain dysfunction.I found this statement utterly astonishing, and very sobering.
This educator was only guessing, but he had been in the school system for over 25 years, so his "guess" carried a lot of observation, experience and wisdom. Even if he was more than 100 percent pessimistic in his estimate, how would we ever be able to offer quality CST to even one in every 100 (1 percent) of the millions of public-school children in Michigan and the rest of the country?
My initial hypothesis suggested that about 50 percent of brain-dysfunctional children could receive significant benefits from CST. (By "brain dysfunction" I mean a wide spectrum of problems, ranging from attention deficit disorder and hyperkinesis to debilitating seizure disorders and cerebral palsy, as well as dyslexia, dyscalcula, speech and motor function disorders, autism and childhood schizophrenia.) However, the children would all have to be CranioSacrally evaluated to determine who would benefit from a full course of treatment.
In Michigan in 1977, there were fewer than 10 osteopathic physicians who were functionally familiar with cranial osteopathy. There were only three or four who were familiar with our brand of CST, which is quite different from the osteopathic and chiropractic versions of cranial manipulation. CST focuses on the membrane as the most common source of craniosacral system dysfunction, and hydraulics (dictating the flow of cerebrospinal fluid through the system) as the means of evaluation and treatment.
A few months earlier, I had presented the second of a series of five-day CST seminars to a group of clinical staff members at the Menninger Foundation in Topeka, Kan. My purpose had been to introduce the pediatric group to CST as an expansion of its program for the treatment of dysfunctional children. It was during this second seminar that I devised the "10-Step Protocol," which could be used by nonphysician clinical staff members. This protocol was essentially a "cookbook" method that, if carried out by a therapist on a patient, would serve several purposes:
The rest was taken care of in the design of the 10-Step Protocol. We introduced the underlying anatomy and physiology during the CST seminars we presented at Menninger, but it was not necessary to have extensive knowledge of these principles in order to practice the protocol on a patient. This practice is safe and beneficial to the patient, and instructional to the student therapist.
I also developed the 10-Step Protocol because it was clear to me that the psychiatrists and other physicians at the Menninger Foundation would not (and probably could not) take time to do 30 or 40 minutes of concentrated hands-on therapy with a patient one-on-one, in addition to their psychotherapeutic talk sessions and psychopharmacologic-management responsibilities. Also, some expressed the opinion that "touching the patient" in the way we prescribed in CST would interfere with their objectivity as attending psychiatrists.
My second Menninger seminar was, therefore, largely attended by nonphysician therapists whom would do the hands-on work with pediatric patients. It was my first attempt to teach CST techniques to nurses, physical therapists and psychologists; it seemed successful. The interest was high and the work they were doing in the seminar was of good quality. During the following weeks, I received several telephone calls from nonphysician therapists who reported exciting successes with a variety of patients through the use of CST.
With this recent experience in mind, I saw a possible solution to the problem of how to provide CST evaluation and therapy to such a large number of Michigan public-school children. If the special-education superintendent was correct, we needed to be able to evaluate 5 percent of all public-school children enrolled in Michigan. If I was right, 2.5 percent of those enrolled in public school needed in-depth CST.
I discussed the problem of the lack of CST-qualified physicians with the dean of the College of Osteopathic Medicine at Michigan State University (MSU), where I was then a full-time faculty member. I described my positive experience teaching CST to nonphysician therapists at the Menninger Foundation, and obtained permission to explore the possibility in Michigan. As things have a way of happening, there was a school for multi-disabled children in Lansing, Michigan; CST, and my use of it, had become a major topic of conversation among its staff, because there was 4-year-old boy enrolled there whom I had treated in France earlier that year. During the series of CST sessions in France he had progressed rather dramatically - from hemiplegic to slightly motor impaired. He and his mother followed me back to Michigan for further treatment. By "coincidence," one of the physical therapists at this school had seen this little boy a year earlier at the Bobath Center in England. At that time the child was hemiplegic; now he wasn't.
My reception at the school was warm. The mother and therapist had both described the boy's progress to the staff members, who were waiting with open arms when I came in, and suggested that I teach them CST. We worked through the university. I initially taught the course one night a week for one university quarter. MSU provided the enrollees with postgraduate credit for course completion. Soon, we expanded the CST curriculum to two quarters.
The course enrollment began to include therapists of varied backgrounds from other centers for disabled children around the state, and from Ohio and Indiana nearby. (I discovered news travels very fast on the disabled-child network.) The enrollees were physical therapists, occupational therapists, nurses, special-education teachers, school psychologists and the like. Within a short time, there were a few physicians and chiropractors, as well.
At the same time I was teaching these open-enrollment courses, I was also teaching CST to full-time osteopathic and medical students within their respective colleges. This dual activity offered me an excellent chance to compare progress in the use of CST between the two groups. I taught essentially the same material to both.
In general, I found the nonphy-sician therapists a little better at learning and applying the evaluation and therapy techniques than the osteopathic and medical students. I think this was largely due to the differences in actual hands-on work experience, and the dedication of practicing therapists that develops as they see disabled children improving under their hands. The osteopathic and medical students did not have these experiences and motivating factors available to them. I also found a higher level of manual sensitivity in the majority of experienced therapists that the student physicians did not possess. This manual sensitivity is extremely necessary for the high-quality practice of CST.
The results obtained with patients (which is what it should be all about) of nonphysician therapists from a wide variety of disciplines were excellent. Since those first experiences, I've gone on to train thousands of massage therapists and other professional health care providers, who have done very well with CST. Now, we often teach the parents of disabled children to do this work on their children. After all, our goal is to help those in need.
So the question remains: Who can do CranioSacral Therapy? The answer is simple. Anyone who is motivated, compassionate, sensitive, and willing to subordinate his or her ego so that the patient is the most important factor.
Click here for previous articles by John Upledger, DO, OMM.
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