resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Sit or Stand? Analyzing a Mixed Message
I'm more than a bit confused. At my age, that seems to be a rather common occurrence. However, today more than ever, I'm getting a mixed message.
Increasing the Value of Spine Care: CMS Approves New Low Back Pain Registry
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has approved the Spine IQ Low Back Pain Registry as a qualified clinical data registry for the Physician Quality Reporting System (PQRS) in 2016.
Introducing the Acupuncture Today Digital Edition
In response to the changing habits of our readers, Acupuncture Today will introduce a digital edition of the publication (in addition to our print edition) beginning with the August 2016 issue.
Believe it or not, an estimated one-third of your patients have eaten some form of fast food within 24 hours of their appointment with you.
Acupuncture's Impact on the World
For several years, I have been hearing about the town of Rothenburg, Germany. It seemed just a dot on a map until I arrived. It is the home of the TCM Kongress which began in 1968. It has been held annually for 47 years and it has only missed one year.
What's New in Phytonutrition: Mangifera Indica, "The King of Fruits"
One hundred percent pure Indian green mango fruit (mangifera indica), harvested at a special degree of ripeness for efficacy and taste, can now be concentrated as a phytonutrient nutraceutical powder.
An MD Who Understands the Opioid Epidemic
Doctors of chiropractic have an important role to play in ending the opioid epidemic and dealing with chronic pain by conservative means (see our top story in this issue) – but who's to blame for opioid dependence and abuse in the first place?
Tai Chi Documentary Premier
First Run Features recently announced the world theatrical premiere of Barry Strugatz's documentary The Professor: Tai Chi's Journey West, which premiered last month at the Laemmle Music Hall in Los Angeles.
Adventures with the San Jiao
Those of us who have been in practice for several decades relish the way meridians and points reveal new diagnostic clues and new insights. I love to encourage my students to see this as an adventure that goes way beyond the textbooks.
What You Say Isn't Always What Patients Hear
A few years ago, my aunt Edna (name changed for the purpose of this story) suffered a stroke. After a short hospital stay, she was transferred to a nursing home for rehabilitation. When she arrived at the nursing home, Edna requested a private room.
Acupuncture Muscle Trigger Point and Oriental Medicine Sports Therapy
It is difficult to ascertain the internal condition of professional basketball player Lebron James during game one of the 2014 NBA finals, in which he developed debilitating muscle cramps that led to his premature removal from the game.
AOM Hospital-Based Practice: A Future Reality?
The natural evolution of health care on the planet is integrative health. We may have some challenges ahead, but based on my research, all indicators are pointing in a positive direction. There seems to be an evolving consciousness among our patient population that is "getting it."
Multivitamin Supplement May Reduce Breast Cancer Recurrence
There is a great deal of controversy regarding the value of multiple vitamin supplements in cancer prevention.
Beating the Odds: Interview With Para-Powerlifter Adeline Dumapong-Ancheta
Since October 2015, the FICS Foundation, the charitable organization affiliated with the International Federation of Sports Chiropractic (FICS), has been supporting disabled athletes internationally.
How to Stay Sane During the Elections: Understanding Through the Lens of Chinese Medicine
In Chinese Medicine philosophy, everything consists of Yin and Yang. The law of polar opposites – one cannot exist without its opposite.
Three Tips to Help You Analyze the Acupuncture Case Studies of the NCCAOM Exam
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Case study:
After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third
session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse
during cold weather.
The Pertinent Negative
We all have to perform evaluations on patients. Most of us don't like doing it – exams take time, and worse it takes even more time after the evaluation to put together a narrative summary of the findings. Sometimes, this process becomes downright tedious.
Treating Hip & Groin Pain With Abdominal Release of Upper Lumbar Nerve Impingements
Have you encountered patients with groin and hip pain you can't seem to solve? You know it's not a worn-out hip; you suspect the pain is somehow connected to the spine. But somehow, you just can't help them break through.
Chronic Pain: Become Part of the Solution
I have lectured to more than 7,000 chiropractic physicians over the past five years regarding the chronic pain and opioid epidemic in this country.
Kansas Achieves Licensing Law
Kansas Governor Sam Brownback signed House Bill 2615 into law on Friday, May 13, 2016. HB2615 includes provisions for the licensure of acupuncturists in the state of Kansas.
An Emerging Partnership Model
Maryland University of Integrative Health (MUIH) has educated integrative health and wellness practitioners for the last 40 years, originally as an acupuncture clinic and school. The institution's transformative, relationship-centered programs integrate traditional wisdom with contemporary science
Insuring Quality Control in Herb Importation: An Interview with Wilson Lau
Wilson Lau is the vice president of Nuherbs, a Chinese herb importation company based in San Leandro, California. Before joining Nuherbs, he trained as a lawyer specializing in FDA law.
A Long-Overdue Win for Oregon Medicaid Patients - and the Implications for Other States
Beginning July 1, 2016, Oregon Medicaid patients with spinal pain (cervical, thoracic, lumbar, pelvic) who are determined to be low risk based on a biopsychosocial assessment tool (STarT Back – Keele University) can receive four chiropractic visits per episode.
May, 2004, Vol. 04, Issue 05
CranioSacral Therapy: Who Shall Do It?
By John Upledger, DO, OMM
In 1977, while I was preparing to conduct a research project involving the use of CranioSacral Therapy (CST) with learning-disabled children, a superintendent of special education suggested that one in 20 children (5 percent) in the Michigan public school system suffered from some form of brain dysfunction.I found this statement utterly astonishing, and very sobering.
This educator was only guessing, but he had been in the school system for over 25 years, so his "guess" carried a lot of observation, experience and wisdom. Even if he was more than 100 percent pessimistic in his estimate, how would we ever be able to offer quality CST to even one in every 100 (1 percent) of the millions of public-school children in Michigan and the rest of the country?
My initial hypothesis suggested that about 50 percent of brain-dysfunctional children could receive significant benefits from CST. (By "brain dysfunction" I mean a wide spectrum of problems, ranging from attention deficit disorder and hyperkinesis to debilitating seizure disorders and cerebral palsy, as well as dyslexia, dyscalcula, speech and motor function disorders, autism and childhood schizophrenia.) However, the children would all have to be CranioSacrally evaluated to determine who would benefit from a full course of treatment.
In Michigan in 1977, there were fewer than 10 osteopathic physicians who were functionally familiar with cranial osteopathy. There were only three or four who were familiar with our brand of CST, which is quite different from the osteopathic and chiropractic versions of cranial manipulation. CST focuses on the membrane as the most common source of craniosacral system dysfunction, and hydraulics (dictating the flow of cerebrospinal fluid through the system) as the means of evaluation and treatment.
A few months earlier, I had presented the second of a series of five-day CST seminars to a group of clinical staff members at the Menninger Foundation in Topeka, Kan. My purpose had been to introduce the pediatric group to CST as an expansion of its program for the treatment of dysfunctional children. It was during this second seminar that I devised the "10-Step Protocol," which could be used by nonphysician clinical staff members. This protocol was essentially a "cookbook" method that, if carried out by a therapist on a patient, would serve several purposes:
The rest was taken care of in the design of the 10-Step Protocol. We introduced the underlying anatomy and physiology during the CST seminars we presented at Menninger, but it was not necessary to have extensive knowledge of these principles in order to practice the protocol on a patient. This practice is safe and beneficial to the patient, and instructional to the student therapist.
I also developed the 10-Step Protocol because it was clear to me that the psychiatrists and other physicians at the Menninger Foundation would not (and probably could not) take time to do 30 or 40 minutes of concentrated hands-on therapy with a patient one-on-one, in addition to their psychotherapeutic talk sessions and psychopharmacologic-management responsibilities. Also, some expressed the opinion that "touching the patient" in the way we prescribed in CST would interfere with their objectivity as attending psychiatrists.
My second Menninger seminar was, therefore, largely attended by nonphysician therapists whom would do the hands-on work with pediatric patients. It was my first attempt to teach CST techniques to nurses, physical therapists and psychologists; it seemed successful. The interest was high and the work they were doing in the seminar was of good quality. During the following weeks, I received several telephone calls from nonphysician therapists who reported exciting successes with a variety of patients through the use of CST.
With this recent experience in mind, I saw a possible solution to the problem of how to provide CST evaluation and therapy to such a large number of Michigan public-school children. If the special-education superintendent was correct, we needed to be able to evaluate 5 percent of all public-school children enrolled in Michigan. If I was right, 2.5 percent of those enrolled in public school needed in-depth CST.
I discussed the problem of the lack of CST-qualified physicians with the dean of the College of Osteopathic Medicine at Michigan State University (MSU), where I was then a full-time faculty member. I described my positive experience teaching CST to nonphysician therapists at the Menninger Foundation, and obtained permission to explore the possibility in Michigan. As things have a way of happening, there was a school for multi-disabled children in Lansing, Michigan; CST, and my use of it, had become a major topic of conversation among its staff, because there was 4-year-old boy enrolled there whom I had treated in France earlier that year. During the series of CST sessions in France he had progressed rather dramatically - from hemiplegic to slightly motor impaired. He and his mother followed me back to Michigan for further treatment. By "coincidence," one of the physical therapists at this school had seen this little boy a year earlier at the Bobath Center in England. At that time the child was hemiplegic; now he wasn't.
My reception at the school was warm. The mother and therapist had both described the boy's progress to the staff members, who were waiting with open arms when I came in, and suggested that I teach them CST. We worked through the university. I initially taught the course one night a week for one university quarter. MSU provided the enrollees with postgraduate credit for course completion. Soon, we expanded the CST curriculum to two quarters.
The course enrollment began to include therapists of varied backgrounds from other centers for disabled children around the state, and from Ohio and Indiana nearby. (I discovered news travels very fast on the disabled-child network.) The enrollees were physical therapists, occupational therapists, nurses, special-education teachers, school psychologists and the like. Within a short time, there were a few physicians and chiropractors, as well.
At the same time I was teaching these open-enrollment courses, I was also teaching CST to full-time osteopathic and medical students within their respective colleges. This dual activity offered me an excellent chance to compare progress in the use of CST between the two groups. I taught essentially the same material to both.
In general, I found the nonphy-sician therapists a little better at learning and applying the evaluation and therapy techniques than the osteopathic and medical students. I think this was largely due to the differences in actual hands-on work experience, and the dedication of practicing therapists that develops as they see disabled children improving under their hands. The osteopathic and medical students did not have these experiences and motivating factors available to them. I also found a higher level of manual sensitivity in the majority of experienced therapists that the student physicians did not possess. This manual sensitivity is extremely necessary for the high-quality practice of CST.
The results obtained with patients (which is what it should be all about) of nonphysician therapists from a wide variety of disciplines were excellent. Since those first experiences, I've gone on to train thousands of massage therapists and other professional health care providers, who have done very well with CST. Now, we often teach the parents of disabled children to do this work on their children. After all, our goal is to help those in need.
So the question remains: Who can do CranioSacral Therapy? The answer is simple. Anyone who is motivated, compassionate, sensitive, and willing to subordinate his or her ego so that the patient is the most important factor.
Click here for previous articles by John Upledger, DO, OMM.
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