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Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
Let's Talk About Biceps Injuries at the Elbow
While most muscles cross over only one joint, the biceps crosses two joints: the elbow and the shoulder. Injuries to the lower biceps cause considerable elbow pain. Here's how to assess and treat an injury to this area conservatively.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
March, 2004, Vol. 04, Issue 03
By Ben Benjamin, PhD
Author's note: The following article is adapted from The Ethics of Touch: The Hands-on Practitioners Guide To Creating a Professional Safe and Enduring Practice, by Ben Benjamin and Cherie Sohnen-Moe.
A client seeks treatment believing the practitioner knows best.Clients defer to the practitioner's judgment because they desire to be helped by an authority figure that possesses greater knowledge, healing ability and, therefore, power. Since a power differential exists in any health care relationship, the client may be inclined to respond to the practitioner as he or she would other authority figures, and in doing so, may recreate elements of similar past relationships. This situation is known as transference, a normal, unconscious phenomenon that appears during a therapeutic process. Professional helping relationships usually have a strong transference element in which the parent-child relationship is unconsciously re-established. In transference, unresolved needs, feelings and issues from childhood are transferred onto the helper. Whenever there is a power differential in a relationship, there is a strong potential for transference and counter-transference to arise. Transference also may occur in other relationships in which there is a real or perceived power differential, such as with a boss, teacher or clergy.
The power of touch in stimulating transference hasn't been formally studied, but anecdotal evidence suggests that touch, especially when it's intentional and done with care, can create regressive experiences. Clients frequently disclose personal information, talk about their emotional problems or demand special treatment. On an unconscious level, clients often expect practitioners to help them emotionally and in other areas, as well. These are transference reactions. Practitioners need to understand and deal with these situations in a gentle, appropriate manner. In mature adult clients, these feelings will likely be recognized and not control their behavior; however, in individuals incapable of handling these feelings, transference may become the dominant reality and cause frequent disappointment and feelings of rejection, often followed by anger and withdrawal. Maintaining clear boundaries is crucial for handling transference and ensuring it does not negatively impact the therapeutic relationship.
Signs of Transference
The Blending of Transference and Counter-Transference
Together, transference and counter-transference form a potentially volatile mixture within power differential relationships. Transference and counter-transference affect the answers to the questions we posed before: How is the person who holds the power using that power, and how is the person with less power responding? When both individuals in a relationship are psychologically mature, there is greater assurance that they will use or handle power in a healthy way; nevertheless, such maturity doesn't ensure that transference and counter-transference won't occur.
The practitioner working with psychologically immature clients has a serious responsibility, because such clients may be unaware of the transference they bring to the therapeutic relationship. The practitioner must cultivate his/her own awareness of both transference and counter-transference and consciously mitigate against their effects. Individuals more prone to transference include children or adolescents, needy clients, and clients that have been referred by mental-health professionals to assist in the processing of psychological issues.
A good goal for practitioners is to minimize the potential for unconscious "acting out" of power issues in the therapeutic relationship; nevertheless, the person who holds the power in a relationship may have difficulty recognizing transference and counter-transference. Getting supervision on a regular basis gives the practitioner the opportunity to explore these issues, gain clarity and learn methods for dealing effectively and ethically within the situation.
Click here for more information about Ben Benjamin, PhD.
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