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How to Correct a Cuboid Subluxation
Cuboid subluxation is a poorly recognized condition, even though it is not uncommon. It has been described in the literature under various names: cuboid subluxation, cuboid syndrome, locked cuboid, dropped cuboid, cuboid fault syndrome or peroneal cuboid syndrome.
Scope of Chiropractic Practice: Why Now Is the Time to Expand
In my January article, "Scope of Chiropractic Practice: Is It Time for Change?" I discussed the use of the term primary spine care practitioner, the loss of privileges to diagnose in Texas, and the fact that the definition of "chiropractic" varied from state to state.
NSAIDs No Better Than Placebo for Spine Pain
A meta-analysis of randomized, placebo-controlled trials comparing the efficacy and safety of NSAIDs with placebo for spinal pain concludes that among 6,065 spine pain patients, "NSAIDs reduced pain and disability, but provided clinically unimportant effects over placebo."
The Qi Focus: A Guide to Managing Stress
Stress, are you experiencing heightened stress levels? Your own, and your clients? Is Trumpitis getting to you? I recently polled a cluster of acupuncturists, Asian Bodywork Therapists (ABT) and psychotherapy colleagues on the issue.
Toxicity & Kids: The Importance of Environmental Intake
The old adage is true that children are not little adults. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has long known that the physiology of children is unique, as are the diseases that plague them.
Caring for Refugees in Greece
At the beginning of 2016 I had no idea what was in store for me, but I was looking forward to a personal retreat on the Greek island of Paros; a graduation gift to myself after 22 years of motherhood, and four-plus years of Chinese medicine school.
Waist Circumference: A Conversation Starter (Part 2)
Now let's discuss the clinical approach to reducing WC and implementation in today's chiropractic practice. The primary intervention centers around dietary modification and lifestyle habits aimed to reduce adiposity, improve insulin sensitivity and ultimately, diminish systemic metabolic dysfunction.
The First (Only) Choice for Spinal Pain
The study on NSAIDs for spinal pain summarized on the front page of this issue is intriguing on a number of levels, the most obvious being the conclusion that "compared with placebo, NSAIDs do not provide a clinically important effect on spinal pain, and six patients must be treated with NSAIDs for one patient to achieve a clinically important benefit in the short-term."
5 Ways to Enhance Your Family Practice
Every practice has a personality style. A practice that caters to athletes, PI cases or adults, for example, projects differently to patients than a family wellness practice.
Integrative Cardiology: The Heart of TCM & Western Medicine
Patient centered therapy is a growing trend in hospitals that are expanding to boutique services.
News In Brief
A "Modern" Business Model. Acupuncturists may have a new professional atmosphere to consider, as a new concept is on the horizon - at least for one business.
Insomnia Treatment Based on the Yu Theory
In recent years, acupuncture has risen in popularity as a form of alternative or supplemental medicine for the treatment of many different types of disorders.
Making Sense of Liver Regulation
In Chinese medicine, the liver has the function of moving and storing qi and blood. In its moving function, the liver smoothly distributes qi and blood to the tendons, muscles and flesh through microcirculation.
Treating the Terrain of Chronic Sinus Infections
Chronic sinus infections can be stubborn to treat, but the therapeutic path forward can be simplified when utilizing three distinct treatment principles which take into account the terrain of the body, and the way in which microbes grow.
What's Bugging You? Probiotics and Your Health
An estimated 100 trillion microorganisms representing more than 500 different species inhabit every normal, healthy bowel. Gut-dwelling bacteria keep pathogens in check, aid digestion and nutrient absorption, and contribute to immune function.
Treating LBP the Right Way: Think Natural
An updated clinical practice guideline from the American College of Physicians (ACP) recommends spinal manipulation and other non-invasive, non-drug therapies as first options for acute, subacute and chronic low back pain, rather than pain medications, as stipulated in the original 2007 guideline.
Chiropractic: A Great Fit for the White House
Dr. Eric Kaplan is a New York Chiropractic College alumnus; a No. 1 best-selling author whose books include Awaken the Wellness Within and The 5 Minute Motivator; a chiropractor for professional sports teams and elite athletes; and even served as an advisor under the Clinton Administration to the President's Council on Sports & Physical Fitness.
The Chiropractor's Guide to CRISPR
Science magazine's "Breakthrough of the Year" award for 2015 was described as "the gene-editing tool called CRISPR." CRISPR stands for "clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats."
Good Works at the Canandaigua VA
Faculty and students of the Finger Lakes School of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (FLSAOM) of the New York Chiropractic College have provided acupuncture to veterans at the Veterans' Administration Medical Center (VAMC) in Canandaigua, New York since September of 2007.
Help Save an Important Chiropractic Landmark
The chiropractic profession has a splendid and varied history. Sadly, many landmarks have been lost to bulldozers and wrecking crews, such as the Ryan Building, Little-Bit-O-Heaven, Spears Chiropractic Hospital, and Clearview Sanitarium.
Give Your Patients the Ergonomic Advantage
Prolonged sitting contributes to low back pain and is a health risk. When I discuss my POLITE technique practice recommendations with patients, ergonomics may be last, but not least!
Shedding Light on the Benefits of Heliotherapy
I can't imagine anyone not feeling good strolling in the sun on a beautiful spring day. The sun is responsible for all life on earth and is best illustrated along the equator touting the richest biodiversity on the planet, in stark contrast to the Arctic Circle and South Pole.
December, 2003, Vol. 03, Issue 12
Depression and the Stress Response System, Part III
By Ruth Werner, LMP, NCTMB, Massage Therapy Foundation President
In the first part of this series, I introduced the concept of depression and its relationship to touch deprivation and a sluggish stress response system. Last time, I looked at different types of depression and the consequences of living with this disorder.This month, I will discuss treatment options, including, of course, massage.
Most types of depression can be treated successfully: Up to 90 percent of all depression patients eventually find a treatment that significantly improves their quality of life. A combination of medical intervention and psychotherapy appears to be the most effective way of treating most types of depression.
Antidepressants - Medications used for depression usually fall into one of three categories: selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) or tricyclics. These classes of medication aim to make neurotransmitters more easily accessible in the mood-determining areas of the brain. SSRIs, such as Prozac and Zoloft, work by preventing the recycling of secreted serotonin into axon terminals. In other words, serotonin lingers in synapses for longer than it normally would, which reinforces its power to work. Tricyclic antidepressants, including amytriptaline, essentially do the same, although they do not focus specifically on serotonin. MAOIs, such as Nardil and Parate, limit the action of an enzyme that would normally break down and clear away secretions of neurotransmitters. Lithium is used specifically to treat bipolar depression. Rather than altering levels of neurotransmitter reuptake or recycling, lithium works simply to "smooth out" mood swings.
Antidepressants are effective for most people, but they have two major disadvantages: They take several weeks to establish any noticeable mood changes, and they tend to produce unpleasant side-effects during the initial adjustment period, including dry mouth, dizziness, constipation, skin rashes, sleepiness or sleeplessness, and restlessness. Side effects usually subside within four to six weeks - about the same time the medication starts to work.
St. John's Wort - This herbal extract has received a lot of attention as a mood enhancer without the side-effects that other antidepressants carry. Early experiments indicate that it might work like SSRIs or tricyclic antidepressants by preventing the reabsorption of neurotransmitters at the synapses. The National Institutes of Health recently began a three-year study of St. John's wort in comparison to amytriptaline for the treatment of mild dysthymia.
Psychotherapy - Psychologists and psychiatrists may also employ various types of "talk therapy" to help patients improve coping skills and reduce the effects and recurrence of depressive episodes. Three major approaches are useful, depending on the personality and needs of the affected individual. Cognitive-behavioral therapy focuses on the patient's skills at managing life and making positive choices. Interpersonal therapy focuses on how relationships color a person's life, for better or worse. Psychodynamic therapy examines how unresolved inner conflicts can affect the way a person makes choices and lives with those choices. Psychotherapy, combined with medication, often works better than medication alone, because it can help the patient take control of a situation - a feeling many depressive people do not often have.
Light therapy: Individuals living with seasonal affective disorder (SAD) do not need medication or therapy; they need sunlight. Exposure to broad-spectrum lights can help to reduce symptoms.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT): Some depression patients do not respond to medication, but the symptoms persist and make their lives miserable. ECT or "shock" therapy may be the best choice for these patients. While this may bring up disturbing memories of the movie "One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest," modern ECT is conducted under light anesthesia, and with muscle relaxants to limit uncontrolled contractions. It is not entirely clear why it works, but it can be a highly effective intervention for people who do not get relief from other options.
Massage: Most people suffering from depression will reap several benefits from bodywork. Touch improves the efficiency of the pituitary-adrenal axis. Receiving non sexual, nurturing, non threatening touch is one of the most important ways humans and other mammals have to keep a healthy stress response. Massage moves people from a sympathetic to a parasympathetic state. This brings about several physiological and chemical changes in the body, including an increase in serotonin secretion and a decrease in cortisol. Research about how massage affects mood indicates a shift in electroencephalogram (EEG) activation from the right frontal lobe (usually associated with sad affect) to the left frontal lobe (usually associated with happy affect), or at least to a symmetrical reading.1 Massage is one of the few distinctively pleasurable things people can do that is also really good for them. The act of receiving a massage is a step toward self-determination that depressed people can take with little risk of having it backfire.
Be cautious when working with depressed patients. Some clients who receive massage and enjoy its benefits may wish to stop taking their medication; well-meaning massage therapists may view this as a successful outcome and encourage their clients to try it, but balancing medication for depressive people is a difficult business. Only the patient and his or her doctor should be involved in this decision.
Depression often accompanies complex emotional issues that a client may have trouble sorting out. Client-therapist relationships run the risk, in some cases, of becoming distorted when boundaries are not carefully respected. If a massage therapist has a client who is depressive in connection with other problems (for instance, recovering from emotional, physical or sexual abuse), the relationship can be precarious, especially if the client is not getting adequate support outside the massage clinic. In these cases, therapists are obliged to refer clients for other kinds of help, and to prevent the client-therapist relationship from becoming more central to the client's life than it should be.
I will be taking a short break from my column until next May. Until then, many thanks and many blessings.
Click here for previous articles by Ruth Werner, LMP, NCTMB, Massage Therapy Foundation President.
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