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Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
November, 2003, Vol. 03, Issue 11
CranioSacral Therapy Outlawed in Mississippi?
By Cliff Korn, BS, LMT, NCTMB and Rebecca J. Razo
Mississippi law governing massage therapy prohibits therapists from engaging in the "manipulation or adjustment of osseous tissue," and it appears that the Mississippi State Board of Massage Therapy (MSBMT) has lumped CranioSacral Therapy (CST) into this definition as a prohibited massage therapy practice.
Massage Today first learned of the situation from Mississippi therapist Brenda Eiland, NCTMB, RMT.Ms. Eiland, who studied Visionary CranioSacral work at the Milne Institute in Big Sur, Calif., was alarmed when she discovered that the Milne Institute application to become a Mississippi CEU provider was denied. A letter signed by MSBMT Executive Director Beverly Limbaugh to the institute stated that its program "does not meet the requirements for approval."1,2 Eiland subsequently contacted the MSBMT to find out if practicing CST in Mississippi was illegal.
"I didn't get a straight answer," she said. Instead, she received an e-mail from Limbaugh stating, "Our law does not permit the movement of osseous tissue" [emphasis ours].3 Unsatisfied with the response, Eiland contacted the Mississippi attorney general's office for a clearer explanation, wherein she received a response from Leyser Hayes, the special assistant attorney general representing the MSBMT. He stated: "Mississippi Law does not permit the movement of osseous tissue [CranioSacral Therapy has been defined by the board to involve this movement] ... Section 73-67-7 (h) Miss. Code Ann. (1972) as amended ... defines what massage means for purposes of the practice of same in Mississippi."4
Mississippi law §73-67-7(h) provides the following definition of massage:
Subsequent inquiries by Eiland and Massage Today to the MSBMT about the practice of CST were referred to the new Mississippi "Scope of Practice" rule, which was mailed to Mississippi therapists in September.
Generally, scope-of-practice statements outline permissible practices for legally operating massage therapists. Mississippi's scope of practice, however, only states what cannot be performed legally. The new scope of practice says:
Massage Today Editor Cliff Korn contacted the Mississippi Attorney General's Office and the executive director of the MSBMT: "Osseous tissue manipulation or adjustment are typically terms referring to chiropractic or osteopathic high-velocity, low-amplitude (HVLA) thrusts or techniques," Mr. Korn said in a letter. "Is it the interpretation of the board that 'manipulation or adjustment' is synonymous with 'movement'? I noticed in your listing of continuing education providers that all of John Barnes' myofascial release seminars were approved, and CranioSacral Therapy is an integral part of his teachings. Please ... confirm or deny the legality of a trained CranioSacral therapist to practice under the Mississippi Professional Massage Therapy Act," he added.7
In its response to Korn, the MSBMT stated the "Attorney general's office does not speak for the board of massage therapy. The Mississippi State Board of Massage Therapy speaks through its minutes." Again, Korn was referred to the Mississippi scope of practice rule.8
In a final attempt at clarification, Massage Today asked the MSBMT if the attorney general's office was incorrect in stating that "movement" of osseous tissue is illegal.9 In a written response, MSBMT President Lynn Cox stated: "The board has not interpreted any particular modality as the manipulation or adjustment of osseous tissue, but rather, reiterated in its statement on scope of practice that any technique that manipulates or adjusts osseous tissue is in violation of the law that governs massage therapists, as well as laws that govern other professionals. If the board ruled that one couldn't do CranioSacral, the name would probably be changed to SacralCranio, wouldn't it? The law has not changed. Massage therapists in Mississippi are prevented from the manipulation or adjustment of osseous tissue, regardless of one's 'expert' training."10
But according to Eiland, Cox's statement is untrue: "They have indeed signaled out a modality, as proved by the e-mail from [Hayes] and a message for me [from Limbaugh, stating] 'you cannot practice CranioSacral work as a massage therapist in Mississippi.' "11
Still, the MSBMT has yet to define the terms "manipulation" or "adjustment." In a letter to the MSBMT, Dr. John Upledger, Massage Today columnist, stated, "CranioSacral Therapy does not incorporate any techniques that involve direct osseous manipulation, mobilization or adjustments. Instead, practitioners focus on releasing restrictions in the soft-tissue, fascia and musculature that surround and protect the brain and spinal cord. How can I be so sure? Because I developed CranioSacral Therapy and coined the name... ."12
Despite repeated requests, the fact remains that the MSBMT has continued to be vague in responding to questions related to the practice of CST in Mississippi. It remains unclear if the MSBMT is defining the terms "manipulation" and "adjustment" to mean HVLA thrusts - or something more. Look for updates of this situation in future issues of Massage Today.
Former editor of Massage Today, Cliff is owner of Windham Health Center Neuromuscular Therapy LLC. He is nationally certified in therapeutic massage & bodywork and is licensed as a massage therapist by the states of New Hampshire and Florida. Cliff is a member of the International Association of Healthcare Practitioners; a professional member and past president of the New Hampshire chapter of the American Massage Therapy Association; a certified member of the Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals, Inc.; and a past chairman of the board of directors of the National Certification Board for Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork.
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