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Waking Up the Gluteus Maximus
In previous articles in this series, we expounded on the importance of the gluteus maximus (GM) in athletic performance and protecting the knee from injury. We also know there is a link between iliotibial band syndrome and GM weakness.
Peer Points: Always Seeking To Grow
Ellen "Kiki" Geary has spent the last decade honing her craft. As a specialist in integrative holistic care, she went straight from completing her master's degree in acupuncture and chinese herbal medicine from Bastyr University to building a successful and thriving practice in the small community of Anacortes, Washington.
A History Worth Telling
The popularity and the use of acupuncture for the treatment of animals in the United States is at its peak.
CCE Finally Takes a "Baby Step" Toward Reform
During a 16-month period from October 2010 to February 2012, I devoted four separate columns to the heavy-handed attempt by the Council on Chiropractic Education to radically change the chiropractic profession through the accreditation process.
A Vibrating Capsule for Constipation? Relevance to Your Chiropractic Practice
The relationship between gastrointestinal (GI) complaints and back pain is not typically written about or discussed.
Chiropractic Research in Review
Chiropractic Treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis; Cost / Benefit Analysis: Different Doses of SMT for Low Back Pain; Imaging for Occult Rib and Costal Cartilage Fractures; Treating Neck Pain: Thoracic Thrust Manipulation vs. Non-Thrust Mobilization.
A Chinese Medicine Story: An Interview with Mazin Al-Khafaji
Mazin Al-Khafaji's work has interested me for years. In February 2014, we invited him for the second time to speak at the Southwest Symposium in Austin, Texas.
MPA Media Wins 7 Publishing Awards
MPA Media, publisher of Dynamic Chiropractic and DC Practice Insights, among other titles, has been recognized for editorial and design excellence with an unprecedented seven publishing awards by the American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE), the nation's largest organization for business-to-business publications.
News in Brief
National Chiropractic Health Month: Be Proactive; Collegiate Roundup: Academic Appointments at Parker, Logan.
Building From the Bottom Up
I caught up with my dear friend Honora Wolfe, in her Colorado painting studio where, if she is not praying in Bhutan or doing charitable work in a Nepali free clinic, she spends most of her time now.
Finders Keepers: The Secret to Relationship-Based Marketing
Becoming a successful practitioner has less to do with what you learned in school, and more to do with your ability to find new patients and keep them!
A Guide for Talking to Doctors about Acupuncture and Brain Chemistry
Before I begin any discussion of how to talk about the effects of acupuncture on brain chemistry, nervous and endocrine function, it is essential to understand just what physicians most need help with.
New Medical Technologies You Need to Know
We're all familiar with how fast computers become obsolete, as well as the rapid pace of development in the field of cell phone technology. The latest smart phones are far more powerful than desktop computers were only a few years ago.
9 Common Causes of Thyroid Imbalance and How You Can Help
How you sleep, how easily you wake up, and how much energy and stamina you have during the day are directly related to levels of the thyroid hormones.
Medical Qigong for the Heart: Part III
Part 1 and Part II of this series focused on the physical aspect of the Heart and mental emotional aspects of the Heart respectively. Now, I would like to focus on the spiritual aspect of the Heart.
Why Young People Need Chiropractic Now More Than Ever
According to a recent study published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, "It is now widely acknowledged that neck pain (NP), mid back pain (MBP), and low back pain (LBP) (spinal pain) start early in life and that the lifetime prevalence increases rapidly during adolescence to reach adult levels at the age of 18."
Pain Underfoot: Metatarsalgia
Foot pain can interfere significantly with normal activities and severely limit participation in sports. Metatarsalgia is foot pain involving the metatarsal bones in the forefoot – the complaint of pain on the bottom of the ball of the foot.
August, 2003, Vol. 03, Issue 08
Injured Bursas in the Knee
By Ben Benjamin, PhD
Question: True or False?
The prepatellar bursa is located just superior to the kneecap.
Question: True or False?
The infrapatellar bursa is located inferior to the kneecap on the anterior surface of the patella ligament, right under the skin surface.
Question: True or False?
The suprapatellar bursa is located right on the anterior surface of the kneecap.
Answer: All three statements above are false.
All three of these bursas play a role in the smooth functioning of the knee joint.Knowing the exact locations of these bursas and being able to tell when they are injured will help you better evaluate clients that present with knee pain. Deep massage or friction therapy will either do nothing, or worsen the pain of a client suffering from bursitis in the knee. Therefore, it is very important to distinguish between a soft-tissue injury, where hands-on treatment is appropriate, and an injury that is not.
The prepatellar bursa, located just beneath the skin on the anterior surface of the patella, protects the bony surface of the patella. This bursa is usually injured by a high-impact fall. When injured, it swells like a balloon on top of the kneecap, and is red and painful when touched, even gently. Hands-on treatment is not effective for this injury.
The infrapatellar bursa is located inferior to the patella within the knee joint, posterior to the patella ligament. It cushions the patella ligament and is painful when kneeled upon. When swollen and inflamed, it is also difficult to bend the knee fully; however, it does not limit extension of the knee. This bursa is often injured along with the quadriceps mechanism above or below the patella. The suprapatellar bursa is located proximal to the patella at the base of the anterior thigh. When inflamed, it is usually hot, visibly swollen and painful to the touch. The swelling in the bursa limits the ability of the knee to fully flex.
Very little is definitively known about why a bursa becomes inflamed and swollen. Causes could range from impact trauma to subtle misalignments of the knee. My best guess is that excessive movement, caused by loose medial and lateral collateral ligaments and loose anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments, often causes the bursa to become irritated and inflamed.
Treatment options for bursitis are limited. If several months of rest do not eliminate the pain, anti-inflammatory injections are usually indicated and effective.
Click here for more information about Ben Benjamin, PhD.
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