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Reducing the Autogenic Inhibition Reflex: Making Weak Muscles Strong
The autogenic inhibition (AI) reflex is a sudden relaxation of a muscle in response to excess tension.
5 Simple Steps to Create an Effective Marketing Calendar
In the educational experience of most healthcare practitioners, business and marketing are overlooked topics.
We Get Letters & Email
A House Divided? (May 1 issue) provoked significant response from readers. Here are several of the surprisingly similar comments we received.
Integrating Art with Clinical Practice for Patients with PTSD: The Artemis Project
Are you restricted by those one-on-one clinic dynamics? Why not join colleagues and clients in experimental group settings? Three of us volunteered to do just that in Austin on behalf of women veteranss from all branches of the service.
Marijuana, Apathy and Chinese Medicine, Part 1
This article was written in response to the unheeded acceptance of marijuana as a harmless substance that potentially does good when used for the medical relief of pain.
The Challenges of Integrating Eastern and Western Medicine
My Masters thesis was titled, "The Challenges of Integrating Eastern and Western Medicine," which highlighted several reasons why it is hard for these two worlds to mix.
Our Biggest Challenges to Compete in Wellness Care
In the first article in this four-article series [May 1 DC], I made the case that chiropractors should either embrace offering lifestyle wellness in their practices or face the possibility of losing their place in the wellness care marketplace.
First Do No Harm?
There's no questioning the frightening nature of breast cancer, which strikes one in eight women in the U.S. – eclipsed only by skin cancer in terms of prevalence.
A Poor Choice for Pain Relief
Acetaminophen is the most popular pain reliever in the U.S., accounting for an estimated 27 billion annual doses as of 2009. With 100,000-plus hospital visits a year by users, it's also the most likely to be taken inappropriately.
PCOM Granted Regional Accreditation
Pacific College of Oriental Medicine (PCOM) recently announce it has received regional accreditation from the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC). This achievement reflects five years of hard work on the part of faculty, staff, and students.
The Acupuncturist's Problem
I want share with you some observations and insights into what seems to be the most common problem my colleagues in the acupuncture profession struggles with. If you also struggle with this problem, I hope you get a valuable "aha" moment from reading this.
Spieth Thanks His Chiropractor After Historic Masters Win
Jordan Spieth didn't just capture the hearts of golf enthusiasts worldwide with his record-setting, wire-to-wire victory at the 79th Masters Tournament.
The Tide is Rising in the Acupuncture Profession
Former President Ronald Regan said, "When the tide rises all boats float." The tide is rising for the acupuncture profession. Many forces outside the profession are helping the tides to rise.
Medicine is Clumsy, Don't You Be
All medical systems have clumsiness in them. If the technique isn't, the practitioner is. Everyone in every form of medicine is striving to improve. That is why we call it practice.
Giving Vets the Care They Deserve
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) administers the largest integrated health care system in the United States.
5 Tips for Using Pinterest to Market Your Practice
Pinterest is a very popular, but often under-utilized, social media platform where people can bookmark, or "pin," fun and interesting things from all across the internet.
Leg-Length Inequality and Pelvic Fixation: A New Approach to the Negative Derifield (Part 2)
As we noted in our previous article, with a positive Derifield (+D), the doctor observes the reactive (shorter) leg in the prone position that becomes longer or "crosses over" in the flexed position.
Green Tea Improves Cognitive Function in Elderly Subjects
Publishing their results in the journal Nutrients in May 2014, researchers showed that drinking the equivalent of 2-4 cups of brewed green tea (or bottled tea) daily improved cognitive function or reduced the progression of cognitive dysfunction in elderly subjects.
Animal Acupuncture: A Case Study in the Treatment of Traumatic Injury in the Equine
The rise of animal acupuncture in the U.S. began in the early 1970's as a result of the work by members of the National Acupuncture Association in Westwood, Calif.
ACA or ICA: Which Best Represents You?
Last June, I was honored to represent Texas ICA members as their representative assemblyman at the ICA Annual Meeting in Kansas City.
Rethinking Musculoskeletal Pain – A Public Health Perspective
The American Public Health Association (APHA) is the world's oldest and largest association of its kind, founded more than 140 years ago and boasting over 25,000 members.
How Much Do You Know About the Benefits of Birds Nest?
Edible bird's nest is the nest made by the Swiftlet bird of Southeast Asia that is usually prepared as a soup and prized in Chinese culture as a healthful delicacy.
August, 2003, Vol. 03, Issue 08
Spotlight on Research
By Editorial Staff
Editor's note: This periodic column keeps you abreast of the latest research documenting the benefits of massage and bodywork. Published research is summarized, with references to the full study text provided; abstracts of research projects planned or in progress are reproduced verbatim whenever possible.
PICC and mid-arm line insertions with massage in a community hospital.
As the public begins to focus on integrative medicine, many health care systems are seeking to incorporate more holistic ways to deliver care.After incorporating massage therapy into the ICU, staff observed increased relaxation in patients and restoration of a degree of tranquility. Patients often encounter many invasive and frightening experiences while in the hospital, including the placement of PICC (Percutaneously Inserted Central Catheters) and Mid-Arm catheters. The goal of this study was to determine the impact of using massage on improving the patient's physical comfort, and reducing stress and anxiety levels during PICC and Mid-Arm catheter insertion. A Likert-scale survey was administered pre-procedure and post-procedure to 21 patients who required PICC/Mid-Arm catheter insertion at McKenzie-Willamette Hospital over a 15-month period of time. Results indicate a 39% improvement in anxiety levels and 23% improvement in physical comfort levels in the group who received massage during the catheter insertion. Those patients who experienced massage as a relaxation technique were also generally easier to cannulate for line placement.
Methodology: Patients were surveyed pre- and post-procedure using a Likert scale. Twenty-one adult patients were surveyed; 9 of the patients received massage during the procedure; 12 patients did not receive massage. Massage was offered according to the patient's comfort level. The massage therapist and the patient determined where the patient would feel most comfortable receiving touch during the procedure. Generally, massage (light effleurage) was provided to the hand; arm (not receiving the catheter); feet; neck; or scalp. The focus of massage was to redirect the attention of the patient and provide soothing, calming, comforting touch during the procedure.
Findings: Those patients receiving massage indicated: 23% improvement in physical comfort levels post-procedure; 39% improvement in anxiety levels post-procedure. Those patients not receiving massage indicated: 8% improvement in physical comfort levels post-procedure; 29% improvement in anxiety levels post-procedure. Patients receiving massage demonstrated significant improvement in physical comfort and anxiety levels over those that did not receive massage. It was also observed that there was less vascular constriction and a more peaceful recovery among those patients receiving massage during the procedures. 77% of patients, when asked if massage affected their physical comfort level, indicated, "very much" (the highest score they could give); 67% of patients, when asked if massage affected their anxiety levels, indicated "very much."
Patient Comments: "I think the massage caused a definite improvement in my comfort level. It kept me from focusing on the procedure and relaxed me"; "I'm glad that the massage was given. I have had this done three times before without massage. This was the lowest level of anxiety"; "Very good to me. Kept my mind off what you're doing"; and "Having had two PICC installs without massage, I can say it helped to have it. Thanks!"
Recommendations: Highly recommend using massage to reduce anxiety and improve patient comfort during PICC/Mid-Arm catheter placements. Highly recommend trying massage to complement other potential anxiety or pain-producing procedures such as thorocentesis; pre-cardioversion; or with nasogastric or naso-duodenal feeding tube placement.
Our plan is to modify our survey to include demographics such as gender and age to see of there is any correlation regarding perception of massage or its benefits. We also plan to gather data regarding massage as it affects physical comfort levels and anxiety levels during other invasive procedures, in addition to the PICC/Mid-Arm catheter placements.
Effects of massage for older adults.
(Editor's note: This study appeared in the Fall issue of the Massage Therapy Journal.)
Objective: The objective was to test the effects of massage therapy on physical function; stress perception; sleep; and general well-being among older adults, compared to a guided relaxation control condition.
Design: After screening for eligibility and contraindications, physical clearance for participation was obtained. Eligible participants were randomly assigned to massage or guided relaxation. Sessions were provided twice weekly for four consecutive weeks. Functional assessments and interviews were conducted before the first session and after the last session.
Setting: Participants came to the university for all sessions where a massage room had been reserved for the study.
Participants: Forty-nine participants, aged 60+ completed the study (25 massage and 24 guided relaxation). Three-fourths of the participants were female; 88% white; 10% African American; and 2% Asian. Participants were independently living, relatively "well" older adults, rather than a clinically defined group of patients.
Main Outcome Measures: The main outcome measures were range of motion at shoulder, hip and ankle by goniometer measurement; flexibility (chair sit-and-reach); tandem balance; agility (timed up-and-go test); general well-being (General Well-Being Scale, with subscales for anxiety; depression; positive well-being; self-control; vitality; and general health); Perceived Stress Scale; and Sleep (two items from the Philadelphia Sleep Quality Index).
Results: The massage group improved significantly more than the guided relaxation group on anxiety; depression; vitality; general health; positive well-being; timed up-and-go test; chair sit-and-reach test; shoulder abduction; and hip flexion.
Conclusion: Massage therapy has positive effects on psychosocial and functional health of older adults.
Editor's note: Both of the above abstracts were presented at the 2002 AMTA National Convention; they appear in Massage Today with permission from the respective authors.
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