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Mechanism: Experimental Approaches to Understanding Acupuncture, Part 1
The clinical benefits of acupuncture are difficult to ignore, but also can be difficult to explain to a Western audience. For nearly 50 years, relentlessly inquisitive scientists and physicians have been working toward a conceptual model to explain acupuncture.
Targeting the Bad Apples in the Bunch
While everyone was focused on the conversion to ICD-10, the Office of Inspector General for Health and Human Services released a new report on chiropractic titled "CMS Should Use Targeted Tactics to Curb Questionable and Inappropriate Payments for Chiropractic Services."
Your Billing Questions Answered
I hear a lot of the following questions: I am afraid I may doing something illegal. I have heard I cannot have different fees for the same service.
Born to Energize the Human Spirit: Recollections of Sig Miller
Sig Miller, longtime executive director of the Association of New Jersey Chiropractors (ANJC), passed away on Sept. 17 after a long battle with cancer.
Tailor-Made Knee Pain: The Sartorius Muscle
A patient was referred to my office after receiving treatment from various providers with no results. The patient was training for the Olympics as a marathon runner and was unable to run or walk without severe medial knee pain.
Footsteps of the Sages: An Apprenticeship with Dr. Kezhan Zhang
When I met Dr. Kezhen Zhang in May 2013, I was his translator and the integrity, creativity, and passion he demonstrated as a practitioner and advocate of the medicine convinced me to travel to Beijing to study with him.
Pro-Con: Swaddling for Newborns
The practice of swaddling has been used for thousands of years and was popular until the 1700s, when it was slowly abandoned by many cultures that considered it old-fashioned or barbaric.
Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine in the West
We know acupuncture and Oriental medicine as the indigenous medicine of East Asia; in particular China, Korea and Japan are the countries of origin of this wonderful healing system.
Syncretism: Acupuncture and Public Health in Cuba
"Syncretism" is defined as a union of diverse tenets or practices. On a recent trip to Cuba designed to demonstrate the integration of Traditional Medicine and biomedicine, our group witnessed this union firsthand.
Making Sense of an Increasingly Obvious Conclusion
Where's U.S. health care heading? Like it or not, the list of telltale signs is growing to a point that stands out to even the most myopic observer. Consider this list of facts as you look into the future of health care in the United States:
Chinese Herbs and Pulmonary Fibrosis: A Case Study
"Mary M."* recently celebrated her 90th birthday. Even the former sheriff dropped by to kiss the hand of this diminutive retired teacher, to honor the years she interpreted for him during interviews with Latinas and Latinos.
Diagnose Sprain Injuries in MVA Cases With Dynamic X-Rays (Pt. 1)
Am I the only person to notice hospitals are doing a seemingly insufficient job lately in their initial radiological workup of motor vehicle accident (MVA) victims?
Omega-3 Fish Oil: An Underappreciated Element of Men's Health
As a clinician with many male patients -- and as a man myself -- I am all too aware of the fact that we like to convince ourselves that we are doing great, when that may be the farthest thing from the truth.
It's Time to Review
It is amazing to see the changes that are occurring in the acupuncture profession. Let's look at some of the news and events that have contributed to this growth and awareness.
Designing a Fitness Plan (Part 1)
It doesn't matter if you come to my practice for pain relief, weight loss, healthy aging or something else. The formula I talk about for each patient's fitness strategy is pretty much the same.
North Carolina Acupuncture Board Files Dry Needling Lawsuit
In early September, the NCALB filed a complaint against the North Carolina Board of Physical Therapy Examiners over the issue of dry needling, a form of acupuncture that uses solid needles to puncture the skin and muscle tissue to relieve pain.
Acupuncture Rising: From Acupuncture Anesthesia to Assisted-IVF, Part 2
Acupuncture's cultural and historical roots go back to the emergence of Chinese civilization. For more than 2,000 years, acupuncture needling has been continuously practiced on the largest population in the world.
Too Many to Remember: Tips to Revive Your Ortho / Neuro Test Skills
When I was at Palmer in the mid-1980s, we were given a set of notes in one of our diagnostic courses. The notes covered approximately 70 orthopedic and neurological tests for various regions of the body.
F4CP Making a High-Impact Impression
The Foundation for Chiropractic Progress has released details of its 2016 strategy, certain elements of which are already in play. The strategy includes ads, posters and other resources available to all F4CP members.
The Modern Application of Ancient Mei Rong
Chinese Medical Cosmetology (Mei Rong) has a well-documented and venerated history dating back to the Qin (221-206 BC) Dynasty.
Dietary Fat and Prostate Cancer: An Important Update
K.M. Di Sebastiano and M. Mourtzakis published a review paper examining the role of dietary fat on prostate cancer development and progression late last year that does a stellar job of summarizing the available data on fat and prostate cancer.
The Concussion-Subluxation Complex
In the Aug. 1, 2014 issue of Dynamic Chiropractic, I reviewed some of the literature demonstrating the role of the chiropractic adjustment in post-concussive care.
One Size Does Not Fit All: Exercise and Nutrition According to Your Yin/Yang Body Type
There are countless new exercise and nutrition plans out there, emphasizing the latest ground-breaking research and claiming to revolutionize the way we view health.
June, 2003, Vol. 03, Issue 06
By Keith Eric Grant, PhD, NCTMB
Humans exchanged difficult childbirth and a longer maturation period for versatile bipedal mobility; dexterity and expression with our arms; an upright environment; and the far-reaching vision that stimulated the development of minds that strive for beauty in movement. We are literally a species designed to adapt physiologically and neurologically to the movements we perform regularly.
We go through three identifiable stages when we learn a motor skill, such as massage or dance. We start learning in a verbal-cognitive phase, in which we derive information on position and direction from demonstration and verbal direction. Our movements typically are created by joining together bits and pieces of our existing movement "vocabulary." In the associative phase, we develop focused movement patterns and continue to perfect and adjust them through practice. In the autonomous phase, there is little need for constant monitoring, because movements are performed consistently, with precision and accuracy. We can turn our attention from the present task back to the surrounding environment.
In powering our movements, we have three different systems for obtaining energy that operate in a continuum. Immediate energy, for high-intensity movement lasting up to 20 seconds, comes from the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) from creatine phosphate. Anaerobic glycolysis provides energy for high-intensity exercise lasting 20-180 seconds. Finally, aerobic oxidation provides energy, quite literally, for the long run. With correct training, muscle cross-section and muscle strength increase. Our abilities to use oxygen (VO2 max) and process the lactate produced by glycolysis, also increase. One of the most dramatic effects of including anaerobic intervals in aerobic conditioning is an increase in the intensity of exercise performance for extended periods - our lactate threshold.
Some years back, Russian sports scientist N. Yakovlev devised a conceptual model that captured the concept of optimal training, both in intensity and repetitive timing, for maximum improvement (Figure 1). If we train too hard for our current conditioning and recovery rate, we head ourselves into deepening fatigue and, ultimately, breakdown. If we don't train hard enough, we obtain too little benefit. The right intensity of training allows us to recover fully and enter a period of super-compensation. If we train again during the maximum super-compensation period, we gain the greatest effect. If we wait too long, we lose the benefit of what we did before.
The benefits of massage come partly, I believe, in shortening the recovery time in Yakovlev's model. When recovery capacity is increased, exercise capacity can increase, yet stay in balance (Figure 2). Thus, we facilitate the gains of super- compensation. I believe the mechanisms for this lie in the interactions between the psychological and neurological. Daniel Arnheim noted both aspects of staying focused and relaxed in discussing injuries in dancers: The psychological aspect of injury prevention is as important to the dancer as is proper conditioning and nutrition. Dancers, like all people, have varying personalities and react to stress in unique ways. What sets dancers off as unique from other individuals is that they are artists seeking perfection in movement. The extent to which the dancer can withstand the psychological stresses imposed by the dance environment is determined by the dancer's total psychoemotional development and lifestyle, both past and present.
When considering injuries associated with psychogenic factors, one must consider muscular tension as a major cause in the dance field. Tension is defined as increased muscular contraction as a result of some emotional state or muscular work. Nervous tension is a syndrome that is characteristic of the so-called fast way of life of our times. It is associated with anxiety that comes from an undefined worry or fear. An overanxious dancer can have an extremely high level of unneeded muscular tension. The person who is outwardly anxious may be less flexible and less able to smoothly coordinate muscles. Organically, he or she may have an increased heart rate and blood pressure. The tense dancer is extremely susceptible to injury, and because of the increased muscular excitability, may over-respond to painful conditions.
We become part of the lifestyle structures of support to which an athlete and kinesthetic artist can turn when viewing massage as an interaction and communication. Beyond this, we can address the tension to which they might unconsciously cling. Among the wonders of our human embodiment is the astounding plasticity we have, which enables us to learn new kinesthetic skills, and adapt our bodies to their impassioned pursuit. Among the wonders of the massage we pursue is our ability to affect the training of those who come to us.
Click here for previous articles by Keith Eric Grant, PhD, NCTMB.
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