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A Vibrating Capsule for Constipation? Relevance to Your Chiropractic Practice
The relationship between gastrointestinal (GI) complaints and back pain is not typically written about or discussed.
Finders Keepers: The Secret to Relationship-Based Marketing
Becoming a successful practitioner has less to do with what you learned in school, and more to do with your ability to find new patients and keep them!
Building From the Bottom Up
I caught up with my dear friend Honora Wolfe, in her Colorado painting studio where, if she is not praying in Bhutan or doing charitable work in a Nepali free clinic, she spends most of her time now.
News in Brief
National Chiropractic Health Month: Be Proactive; Collegiate Roundup: Academic Appointments at Parker, Logan.
Don't Turn a 2 Into a 10
The Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale1 is so useful because it can be used by almost anyone. Patients can use the numbers associated with the faces depicted on the scale or select the face that demonstrates their current level of pain from 0-10.
MPA Media Wins 7 Publishing Awards
MPA Media, publisher of Dynamic Chiropractic and DC Practice Insights, among other titles, has been recognized for editorial and design excellence with an unprecedented seven publishing awards by the American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE), the nation's largest organization for business-to-business publications.
New Medical Technologies You Need to Know
We're all familiar with how fast computers become obsolete, as well as the rapid pace of development in the field of cell phone technology. The latest smart phones are far more powerful than desktop computers were only a few years ago.
9 Common Causes of Thyroid Imbalance and How You Can Help
How you sleep, how easily you wake up, and how much energy and stamina you have during the day are directly related to levels of the thyroid hormones.
Pain Underfoot: Metatarsalgia
Foot pain can interfere significantly with normal activities and severely limit participation in sports. Metatarsalgia is foot pain involving the metatarsal bones in the forefoot – the complaint of pain on the bottom of the ball of the foot.
Waking Up the Gluteus Maximus
In previous articles in this series, we expounded on the importance of the gluteus maximus (GM) in athletic performance and protecting the knee from injury. We also know there is a link between iliotibial band syndrome and GM weakness.
Peer Points: Always Seeking To Grow
Ellen "Kiki" Geary has spent the last decade honing her craft. As a specialist in integrative holistic care, she went straight from completing her master's degree in acupuncture and chinese herbal medicine from Bastyr University to building a successful and thriving practice in the small community of Anacortes, Washington.
A History Worth Telling
The popularity and the use of acupuncture for the treatment of animals in the United States is at its peak.
CCE Finally Takes a "Baby Step" Toward Reform
During a 16-month period from October 2010 to February 2012, I devoted four separate columns to the heavy-handed attempt by the Council on Chiropractic Education to radically change the chiropractic profession through the accreditation process.
Medical Qigong for the Heart: Part III
Part 1 and Part II of this series focused on the physical aspect of the Heart and mental emotional aspects of the Heart respectively. Now, I would like to focus on the spiritual aspect of the Heart.
A Guide for Talking to Doctors about Acupuncture and Brain Chemistry
Before I begin any discussion of how to talk about the effects of acupuncture on brain chemistry, nervous and endocrine function, it is essential to understand just what physicians most need help with.
A Chinese Medicine Story: An Interview with Mazin Al-Khafaji
Mazin Al-Khafaji's work has interested me for years. In February 2014, we invited him for the second time to speak at the Southwest Symposium in Austin, Texas.
Chiropractic Research in Review
Chiropractic Treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis; Cost / Benefit Analysis: Different Doses of SMT for Low Back Pain; Imaging for Occult Rib and Costal Cartilage Fractures; Treating Neck Pain: Thoracic Thrust Manipulation vs. Non-Thrust Mobilization.
Why Young People Need Chiropractic Now More Than Ever
According to a recent study published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, "It is now widely acknowledged that neck pain (NP), mid back pain (MBP), and low back pain (LBP) (spinal pain) start early in life and that the lifetime prevalence increases rapidly during adolescence to reach adult levels at the age of 18."
May, 2003, Vol. 03, Issue 05
Spotlight on Research
By Editorial Staff
Editor's note: This periodic column keeps you abreast of the latest research documenting the benefits of massage and bodywork. Published research is summarized, with references to the full study text provided; abstracts of research projects planned or in progress are reproduced verbatim whenever possible.
Factors associated with choice of massage therapy in a trial of treatments of acute low-back pain.
Purpose: The majority of patients in a randomized clinical trial (RCT) of conventional allopathic care ("usual care") versus a choice of therapies for acute low-back pain expressed a preference for massage therapy (MT) over acupuncture (Acu), chiropractic (Chiro) or usual care. We sought to understand whether those choosing MT differed in demographic characteristics or self-reported pain severity scores from those choosing any of the other three subjects.
Methods: Eligible subjects were adult members of a multispecialty medical practice who had uncomplicated acute low- back pain for less than three weeks with no co-morbid explanation for symptoms. Baseline data were obtained by face-to-face interview at enrollment. Enrollees were randomized to either usual care or to a choice of Acu, Chiro, MT or usual care. Prior to randomization, all enrollees were asked which treatment they would select if randomized to the choice group. Since most enrollees chose MT, we used MT versus all other choices as a dichotomous dependent variable in a logistic regression. Demographic and pain factors were included in this model to examine whether they were associated with massage choice.
Results: Of 2,262 subjects screened for enrollment, 477 were eligible; of those, 293 enrolled. Fifty-one percent were women; 63% were white; 57% were college graduates; and 33% earned >$75,000/year. The average age was 43 years, and the mean self-reported pain scale (0-10) was 7.23 (SD=2.13). The majority (52%) expressed a preference for MT; 18% preferred Acu; 24% preferred Chiro; and 6% preferred usual care. Other than age, (subjects aged 40-49 were less likely than other age groups to select MT; odds ratio = 1.78, 95% CI=[1.08, 2.92]), neither pain scores nor any other demographic variable were associated with the choice of MT. For those subjects randomized to the choice group, 86% of those who expressed a preference for MT select it as their treatment, indicating a high reliability of expressed preference for treatment with actual selection.
Conclusions: Prior research has shown gender, education and income to be associated with higher utilization of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM); however, none of these variables predicted preference for massage therapy in our study. It appears the appeal of massage therapy is not restricted to any particular socioeconomic group, and therefore might be broadly accepted as a treatment option for back pain. Beyond demographics and baseline pain scales, further exploration of variables driving patient choices and examination of effectiveness and economics, will be important to evaluate massage therapy in the management of acute low back pain.
Massage therapy as a technique for coping with stress.
This study assessed the effectiveness of massage therapy as an intervention for coping with stress in 34 healthy university students approaching final examinations. Participants were randomly assigned to an attention control condition (watching three different television programs) or to a massage therapy group in which each participant received one 45-minute massage per week for three consecutive weeks.
Measures of blood pressure, heart rate and state anxiety (State Trait Anxiety Inventory - short form) were taken before and after each session. Stress (Perceived Stress Scale) and coping (Coping Efficacy) were measured three times at baseline (T1), immediately after the three sessions (T2) and at one-week follow-up (T3).
Both groups reported lower anxiety after each of the sessions; however, the massage group experienced a greater reduction, compared to the television group (p<.05). Participants in the massage group also experienced reduced heart rate after each of the massages, whereas the television group showed no change (p<.05). There were no significant differences in systolic and diastolic blood pressure between groups. At T2, the massage group reported a significant decrease in perceived stress and an increase in coping efficacy (p>.05); however, by T3 these effects were no longer evident. Implications for stress and coping from a self-regulatory perspective will be discussed using Leventhal's Parallel Response Model (1997).
Editor's note: Both of the above abstracts were presented at the 2002 AMTA National Convention; they appear in Massage Today with permission from the respective authors.
Correction: In the first installment of this column (Feb. 2003), we referenced Marian Wolfe Dixon's abstract, "Developing a Massage Protocol for research of temporomandibular Joint Disorders," as funded by the AMTA Foundation. Ms. Dixon's research and resulting abstract were actually funded by a developmental grant from the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM), a branch of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
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