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Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology: Version 2.0
The Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology consensus, published in 2001 by the collaborative efforts of the North American Spine Society, the American Society of Spine Radiology and the American Society of Neuroradiology, has guided radiologists, clinicians and the public for more than a decade.
Chinese Doctors Poke Holes in Australian Study
A recent Australian clinical trial, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) in 2014 by Rana Hinman, et el., evaluating the effectiveness of both needle and laser acupuncture for chronic knee pain.
News in Brief
Investigating the Cellular Impact of Mechanical Force; National Board Seats (Not-So) New Officers at Annual Meeting.
The Source-Luo Point Combination, Part 2
The Da Cheng includes symptoms for the source-luo points that indicate when to use them for treatment. Yang defines the method as the guest-host (it is one of a variety of acupuncture point combinations called guest-host).
Integrative Medicine for the Underserved: A Seat at the Table
Numerous organizations have risen to the challenge of providing care to medically-underserved populations and here we feature one such group.
Should You Change an Athlete's Natural Running Form?
Once past the ankle, impact forces travel at about 200 mph into the knee. In addition to allowing the quad to absorb force, bending the knee (E) prevents the hip and pelvis from moving up and down too much (F), which is important for injury prevention and efficiency.
I was sitting in a Pizza Hut in Peoria, Ill., with my friend Reggie, sometime in the spring of my senior year in college, when he started doodling on his paper placemat. In those days, the company had a picture of U.S. on the mats, showing all the locations of the "Huts" in the country.
Key Changes and Updates to the 7th Edition CNT Manual
Acupuncture Today recently interviewed Jennifer Brett, ND, L.Ac. regarding the updates to the CNT manaul.
The Risks I Took
We all take risks when we choose this profession. For some, it is not knowing if you can make a living practicing TCM. For others, it is parental or cultural disapproval.
Leg-Length Inequality and Pelvic Fixation: A New Approach to the Negative Derifield (Part 3)
A patient with sacroiliac fixation and dysfunction ordinarily demonstrates a noticeable leg-length inequality when placed in the prone position on the adjusting table.
Q&A With the First VA Chiropractic Residents
As you may have read previously, a major step forward for the profession occurred in July 2014 when the Department of Veterans Affairs began piloting a chiropractic residency program at five locations.
An International Life: An Interview with Mary Elizabeth Wakefield
I met Mary Elizabeth Wakefield during her class last summer in Seneca Falls, New York at the Finger Lakes School of Chinese Medicine.
Desert: A Metaphor from the Study of Genetics
In most of the human lives I know about, there are stretches of time which feel stagnant, or worse. We can feel adrift, or wounded and sidelined, and these times don't seem to carry much usefulness while they are unfolding.
NCCAOM Video Contest
The NCCAOM is excited to announce the launch of the second annual video contest "Because it Works!" 2015.
Meet Cheyenne: Your Future Colleague
Allow me to introduce you to Cheyenne (Chey), the daughter of some of our family's closest friends. We attend and serve at the same church together, and have known each other for many years.
Going On-Site With Chiropractic Care
The Foundation for Chiropractic Progress has released a position paper highlighting the financial, clinical and patient-satisfaction benefits of providing chiropractic care at on-site corporate health clinics.
The Three Heater Official
This Official, belonging to the element Fire, is responsible for maintaining and regulating the heating system of the body, mind, and spirit. It is named for its function. The trunk is divided into three "burning spaces" or "jiaos."
Creating Relationships at Southwest Symposium
The month of May brought many interesting activities. As I have said in many previous columns this year, this profession is moving in a very exciting direction. Make sure you are getting involved. If you're not, you just might get left behind.
Treatment of PTSD: An Opportunity for the Practice of Integrated Medicine
PTSD is widespread across America today. Not only do many of our honored men and women in uniform bring it home with them from the war zones they have been active in, but it often follows any life-threatening event people go through when their lives have been in danger.
Marketing with a Microphone
When given an option, it stands to reason that people prefer to do business with those they know, like, and trust.
Free Yourself From the Pocketbook Practice
Let's take a journey together; there's an important lesson to be learned. Imagine a town or city just like yours.
Sports Medicine 101: Surgery or No Surgery?
In the world of sports medicine, many careers are saved by surgeries that correct traumatic damage to the body. Muscle tears, ligament damage, fractures, spinal disc herniations, and joint instabilities are a few of the issues frequently addressed with surgical intervention.
May, 2003, Vol. 03, Issue 05
Spotlight on Research
By Editorial Staff
Editor's note: This periodic column keeps you abreast of the latest research documenting the benefits of massage and bodywork. Published research is summarized, with references to the full study text provided; abstracts of research projects planned or in progress are reproduced verbatim whenever possible.
Factors associated with choice of massage therapy in a trial of treatments of acute low-back pain.
Purpose: The majority of patients in a randomized clinical trial (RCT) of conventional allopathic care ("usual care") versus a choice of therapies for acute low-back pain expressed a preference for massage therapy (MT) over acupuncture (Acu), chiropractic (Chiro) or usual care. We sought to understand whether those choosing MT differed in demographic characteristics or self-reported pain severity scores from those choosing any of the other three subjects.
Methods: Eligible subjects were adult members of a multispecialty medical practice who had uncomplicated acute low- back pain for less than three weeks with no co-morbid explanation for symptoms. Baseline data were obtained by face-to-face interview at enrollment. Enrollees were randomized to either usual care or to a choice of Acu, Chiro, MT or usual care. Prior to randomization, all enrollees were asked which treatment they would select if randomized to the choice group. Since most enrollees chose MT, we used MT versus all other choices as a dichotomous dependent variable in a logistic regression. Demographic and pain factors were included in this model to examine whether they were associated with massage choice.
Results: Of 2,262 subjects screened for enrollment, 477 were eligible; of those, 293 enrolled. Fifty-one percent were women; 63% were white; 57% were college graduates; and 33% earned >$75,000/year. The average age was 43 years, and the mean self-reported pain scale (0-10) was 7.23 (SD=2.13). The majority (52%) expressed a preference for MT; 18% preferred Acu; 24% preferred Chiro; and 6% preferred usual care. Other than age, (subjects aged 40-49 were less likely than other age groups to select MT; odds ratio = 1.78, 95% CI=[1.08, 2.92]), neither pain scores nor any other demographic variable were associated with the choice of MT. For those subjects randomized to the choice group, 86% of those who expressed a preference for MT select it as their treatment, indicating a high reliability of expressed preference for treatment with actual selection.
Conclusions: Prior research has shown gender, education and income to be associated with higher utilization of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM); however, none of these variables predicted preference for massage therapy in our study. It appears the appeal of massage therapy is not restricted to any particular socioeconomic group, and therefore might be broadly accepted as a treatment option for back pain. Beyond demographics and baseline pain scales, further exploration of variables driving patient choices and examination of effectiveness and economics, will be important to evaluate massage therapy in the management of acute low back pain.
Massage therapy as a technique for coping with stress.
This study assessed the effectiveness of massage therapy as an intervention for coping with stress in 34 healthy university students approaching final examinations. Participants were randomly assigned to an attention control condition (watching three different television programs) or to a massage therapy group in which each participant received one 45-minute massage per week for three consecutive weeks.
Measures of blood pressure, heart rate and state anxiety (State Trait Anxiety Inventory - short form) were taken before and after each session. Stress (Perceived Stress Scale) and coping (Coping Efficacy) were measured three times at baseline (T1), immediately after the three sessions (T2) and at one-week follow-up (T3).
Both groups reported lower anxiety after each of the sessions; however, the massage group experienced a greater reduction, compared to the television group (p<.05). Participants in the massage group also experienced reduced heart rate after each of the massages, whereas the television group showed no change (p<.05). There were no significant differences in systolic and diastolic blood pressure between groups. At T2, the massage group reported a significant decrease in perceived stress and an increase in coping efficacy (p>.05); however, by T3 these effects were no longer evident. Implications for stress and coping from a self-regulatory perspective will be discussed using Leventhal's Parallel Response Model (1997).
Editor's note: Both of the above abstracts were presented at the 2002 AMTA National Convention; they appear in Massage Today with permission from the respective authors.
Correction: In the first installment of this column (Feb. 2003), we referenced Marian Wolfe Dixon's abstract, "Developing a Massage Protocol for research of temporomandibular Joint Disorders," as funded by the AMTA Foundation. Ms. Dixon's research and resulting abstract were actually funded by a developmental grant from the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM), a branch of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
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