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The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
Let's Talk About Biceps Injuries at the Elbow
While most muscles cross over only one joint, the biceps crosses two joints: the elbow and the shoulder. Injuries to the lower biceps cause considerable elbow pain. Here's how to assess and treat an injury to this area conservatively.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
Code Connection: Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
May, 2003, Vol. 03, Issue 05
Spotlight on Research
By Editorial Staff
Editor's note: This periodic column keeps you abreast of the latest research documenting the benefits of massage and bodywork. Published research is summarized, with references to the full study text provided; abstracts of research projects planned or in progress are reproduced verbatim whenever possible.
Factors associated with choice of massage therapy in a trial of treatments of acute low-back pain.
Purpose: The majority of patients in a randomized clinical trial (RCT) of conventional allopathic care ("usual care") versus a choice of therapies for acute low-back pain expressed a preference for massage therapy (MT) over acupuncture (Acu), chiropractic (Chiro) or usual care. We sought to understand whether those choosing MT differed in demographic characteristics or self-reported pain severity scores from those choosing any of the other three subjects.
Methods: Eligible subjects were adult members of a multispecialty medical practice who had uncomplicated acute low- back pain for less than three weeks with no co-morbid explanation for symptoms. Baseline data were obtained by face-to-face interview at enrollment. Enrollees were randomized to either usual care or to a choice of Acu, Chiro, MT or usual care. Prior to randomization, all enrollees were asked which treatment they would select if randomized to the choice group. Since most enrollees chose MT, we used MT versus all other choices as a dichotomous dependent variable in a logistic regression. Demographic and pain factors were included in this model to examine whether they were associated with massage choice.
Results: Of 2,262 subjects screened for enrollment, 477 were eligible; of those, 293 enrolled. Fifty-one percent were women; 63% were white; 57% were college graduates; and 33% earned >$75,000/year. The average age was 43 years, and the mean self-reported pain scale (0-10) was 7.23 (SD=2.13). The majority (52%) expressed a preference for MT; 18% preferred Acu; 24% preferred Chiro; and 6% preferred usual care. Other than age, (subjects aged 40-49 were less likely than other age groups to select MT; odds ratio = 1.78, 95% CI=[1.08, 2.92]), neither pain scores nor any other demographic variable were associated with the choice of MT. For those subjects randomized to the choice group, 86% of those who expressed a preference for MT select it as their treatment, indicating a high reliability of expressed preference for treatment with actual selection.
Conclusions: Prior research has shown gender, education and income to be associated with higher utilization of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM); however, none of these variables predicted preference for massage therapy in our study. It appears the appeal of massage therapy is not restricted to any particular socioeconomic group, and therefore might be broadly accepted as a treatment option for back pain. Beyond demographics and baseline pain scales, further exploration of variables driving patient choices and examination of effectiveness and economics, will be important to evaluate massage therapy in the management of acute low back pain.
Massage therapy as a technique for coping with stress.
This study assessed the effectiveness of massage therapy as an intervention for coping with stress in 34 healthy university students approaching final examinations. Participants were randomly assigned to an attention control condition (watching three different television programs) or to a massage therapy group in which each participant received one 45-minute massage per week for three consecutive weeks.
Measures of blood pressure, heart rate and state anxiety (State Trait Anxiety Inventory - short form) were taken before and after each session. Stress (Perceived Stress Scale) and coping (Coping Efficacy) were measured three times at baseline (T1), immediately after the three sessions (T2) and at one-week follow-up (T3).
Both groups reported lower anxiety after each of the sessions; however, the massage group experienced a greater reduction, compared to the television group (p<.05). Participants in the massage group also experienced reduced heart rate after each of the massages, whereas the television group showed no change (p<.05). There were no significant differences in systolic and diastolic blood pressure between groups. At T2, the massage group reported a significant decrease in perceived stress and an increase in coping efficacy (p>.05); however, by T3 these effects were no longer evident. Implications for stress and coping from a self-regulatory perspective will be discussed using Leventhal's Parallel Response Model (1997).
Editor's note: Both of the above abstracts were presented at the 2002 AMTA National Convention; they appear in Massage Today with permission from the respective authors.
Correction: In the first installment of this column (Feb. 2003), we referenced Marian Wolfe Dixon's abstract, "Developing a Massage Protocol for research of temporomandibular Joint Disorders," as funded by the AMTA Foundation. Ms. Dixon's research and resulting abstract were actually funded by a developmental grant from the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM), a branch of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
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