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News in Brief
Investigating the Cellular Impact of Mechanical Force; National Board Seats (Not-So) New Officers at Annual Meeting.
Free Yourself From the Pocketbook Practice
Let's take a journey together; there's an important lesson to be learned. Imagine a town or city just like yours.
Leg-Length Inequality and Pelvic Fixation: A New Approach to the Negative Derifield (Part 3)
A patient with sacroiliac fixation and dysfunction ordinarily demonstrates a noticeable leg-length inequality when placed in the prone position on the adjusting table.
The Source-Luo Point Combination, Part 2
The Da Cheng includes symptoms for the source-luo points that indicate when to use them for treatment. Yang defines the method as the guest-host (it is one of a variety of acupuncture point combinations called guest-host).
Chinese Doctors Poke Holes in Australian Study
A recent Australian clinical trial, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) in 2014 by Rana Hinman, et el., evaluating the effectiveness of both needle and laser acupuncture for chronic knee pain.
Desert: A Metaphor from the Study of Genetics
In most of the human lives I know about, there are stretches of time which feel stagnant, or worse. We can feel adrift, or wounded and sidelined, and these times don't seem to carry much usefulness while they are unfolding.
Treatment of PTSD: An Opportunity for the Practice of Integrated Medicine
PTSD is widespread across America today. Not only do many of our honored men and women in uniform bring it home with them from the war zones they have been active in, but it often follows any life-threatening event people go through when their lives have been in danger.
Key Changes and Updates to the 7th Edition CNT Manual
Acupuncture Today recently interviewed Jennifer Brett, ND, L.Ac. regarding the updates to the CNT manaul.
I was sitting in a Pizza Hut in Peoria, Ill., with my friend Reggie, sometime in the spring of my senior year in college, when he started doodling on his paper placemat. In those days, the company had a picture of U.S. on the mats, showing all the locations of the "Huts" in the country.
Marketing with a Microphone
When given an option, it stands to reason that people prefer to do business with those they know, like, and trust.
NCCAOM Video Contest
The NCCAOM is excited to announce the launch of the second annual video contest "Because it Works!" 2015.
Q&A With the First VA Chiropractic Residents
As you may have read previously, a major step forward for the profession occurred in July 2014 when the Department of Veterans Affairs began piloting a chiropractic residency program at five locations.
Integrative Medicine for the Underserved: A Seat at the Table
Numerous organizations have risen to the challenge of providing care to medically-underserved populations and here we feature one such group.
Going On-Site With Chiropractic Care
The Foundation for Chiropractic Progress has released a position paper highlighting the financial, clinical and patient-satisfaction benefits of providing chiropractic care at on-site corporate health clinics.
Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology: Version 2.0
The Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology consensus, published in 2001 by the collaborative efforts of the North American Spine Society, the American Society of Spine Radiology and the American Society of Neuroradiology, has guided radiologists, clinicians and the public for more than a decade.
The Three Heater Official
This Official, belonging to the element Fire, is responsible for maintaining and regulating the heating system of the body, mind, and spirit. It is named for its function. The trunk is divided into three "burning spaces" or "jiaos."
Creating Relationships at Southwest Symposium
The month of May brought many interesting activities. As I have said in many previous columns this year, this profession is moving in a very exciting direction. Make sure you are getting involved. If you're not, you just might get left behind.
An International Life: An Interview with Mary Elizabeth Wakefield
I met Mary Elizabeth Wakefield during her class last summer in Seneca Falls, New York at the Finger Lakes School of Chinese Medicine.
Sports Medicine 101: Surgery or No Surgery?
In the world of sports medicine, many careers are saved by surgeries that correct traumatic damage to the body. Muscle tears, ligament damage, fractures, spinal disc herniations, and joint instabilities are a few of the issues frequently addressed with surgical intervention.
Should You Change an Athlete's Natural Running Form?
Once past the ankle, impact forces travel at about 200 mph into the knee. In addition to allowing the quad to absorb force, bending the knee (E) prevents the hip and pelvis from moving up and down too much (F), which is important for injury prevention and efficiency.
The Risks I Took
We all take risks when we choose this profession. For some, it is not knowing if you can make a living practicing TCM. For others, it is parental or cultural disapproval.
February, 2003, Vol. 03, Issue 02
CranioSacral Therapy and the AIDS Patient
By John Upledger, DO, OMM
CranioSacral Therapy relies on extremely tender, supportive hands-on contact, accompanied by a sincere intention to assist the patient in any way possible. The therapist serves as a facilitator to the patient's own healing processes.In my experience, this delicate, caring approach is highly welcomed by the majority of AIDS patients.
Consider the messages you send a patient through the use of intentioned touch. Combine that with the fact that this corrective work is done on a core physiological level, applied directly and indirectly to the craniosacral system, and it seems clear that CranioSacral Therapy can potentially effect change on many different levels in a patient's body.
The craniosacral system is essentially a semi-closed hydraulic system. Its boundaries are formed by the dura mater within the cranial vault and vertebral canal. The system includes the dural sleeves, as they invest the spinal nerve roots outside the vertebral canal as far as the intervertebral foramina, and the caudal end of the dural tube, which ultimately becomes the cauda equina, and blends with the coccygeal periosteum.
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flows within this semi-closed hydraulic system. Fluid inflow and outflow are regulated by the choroid plexuses within the brain's ventricular system, and by the arachnoid granulation bodies. The latter structures are located largely within the venous sinuses that service the brain's circulatory system.
To qualify as a semi-closed hydraulic system, fluid inflow and outflow must be regulated. The model that essentially explains the control mechanisms for inflow involves a feedback system from intrasutural stretch and compression receptors. These receptors communicate via the nervous system to the choroid plexuses, and provide a rhythmical on-and-off activity for CSF production into the system.
While CSF outflow is not rhythmically interrupted, its rate may be adjusted. This is done through intracranial membrane tension patterns that are broadcast primarily via the falx cerebri and tentorium cerebelli to the anterior end of the straight venous sinus, where an aggregation of arachnoid granulation bodies is located. This concentration of arachnoid granulation bodies is known to affect venous back pressure, which in turn affects the reabsorption of CSF into the blood-vascular system. The craniosacral system also includes all of the bones of the cranium; the second and third cervical vertebrae; the sacrum; and the coccyx.
Clinical research and observations have demonstrated that dysfunctions of the craniosacral system can manifest as a wide variety of syndromes, symptoms and degenerative processes. The craniosacral system influences the physiological milieu in which the central nervous system lives. It also has powerful influence over the pituitary and pineal glands, due to their anatomical intimacies. Therefore, it has powerful effect on brain and spinal cord function, and the endocrine system.
Indeed, CranioSacral Therapy has been shown to have positive effect on a diversity of brain dysfunctions, ranging from seizure problems to dyslexia and attention deficit disorder. It also has positive effects on the autonomic nervous system, both through the central control nuclei in the brain stem, and the spinal cord's segmental effects on the sympathetic nervous chains and ganglia.
The latter effect comes from CranioSacral Therapy's ability to desensitize spinal cord segments that have become hypersensitized or "facilitated" secondary to chronic excessive input. These hypersensitive segments often result from such conditions as chronic localized infections or painful musculoskeletal or myofascial dysfunctions.
Hypersensitive or facilitated segments send unwarranted and excessive outflow to their related end organs. These organs, in turn, send excessive sensory input back to these already hypersensitive segments. In this sense, the situation becomes self-propagating. In addition, the sympathetic system input from the related hyperactive segments is increased, raising total sympathetic tonus with all of its attendant problems.
Using thermography, I have seen that hand warming occurs during CranioSacral Therapy. This indicates a reduction of sympathetic tonus. Concurrently, blood pressure and cardiac rate, when elevated, as is often the case in sympathetic hypertonus, move toward normal. Subjective pain improves almost invariably as the CranioSacral Therapy treatment progresses.
In my experience, it is clear that AIDS patients, with their multitude of painful visceral, neuromusculoskeletal and myofascial dysfunctions, can be made more comfortable and functional by the regular application of CranioSacral Therapy. In addition to the positive effects already mentioned, it appears from clinical observations that CranioSacral Therapy can enhance fluid motion on an interstitial level, and across cell membranes. It also seems to enhance arteriovenous and lymphatic activity, as evidenced by the reduction of clinical edema during the treatment process. This result is probably largely the result of its effect on the autonomic nervous system.
This enhancement of the microcirculation of all fluids undoubtedly has a positive effect upon the toxic effects of accumulated waste products within static fluids. All patients, including those with AIDS, benefit when fluid stasis is transformed into fluid motion.
Another benefit of CranioSacral Therapy is its apparent positive effect upon the immune response - for example, the reduction of virus-induced fever characteristic of many childhood diseases. Following CranioSacral Therapy, it is not uncommon for the child to suffer no further febrile episodes subsequent to the fever reduction. Instead, he or she simply begins the recovery phase.
It seems that AIDS patients might best be served by methods that allow them to rechannel energies from dealing with pain and secondary dysfunction, into directions more constructive in terms of body-resistance enhancement. CranioSacral Therapy would seem to be one of these methods. There is still much to learn in this area, but we certainly seem to be on the right track.
Click here for previous articles by John Upledger, DO, OMM.
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