resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
The Science of Stretching
In 1986, Rob DeCastella set a course record by running the Boston Marathon in 2:07:51, just 39 seconds off the world record.
Building From the Bottom Up
I caught up with my dear friend Honora Wolfe, in her Colorado painting studio where, if she is not praying in Bhutan or doing charitable work in a Nepali free clinic, she spends most of her time now.
Peer Points: Always Seeking To Grow
Ellen "Kiki" Geary has spent the last decade honing her craft. As a specialist in integrative holistic care, she went straight from completing her master's degree in acupuncture and chinese herbal medicine from Bastyr University to building a successful and thriving practice in the small community of Anacortes, Washington.
Finders Keepers: The Secret to Relationship-Based Marketing
Becoming a successful practitioner has less to do with what you learned in school, and more to do with your ability to find new patients and keep them!
A Guide for Talking to Doctors about Acupuncture and Brain Chemistry
Before I begin any discussion of how to talk about the effects of acupuncture on brain chemistry, nervous and endocrine function, it is essential to understand just what physicians most need help with.
A Chinese Medicine Story: An Interview with Mazin Al-Khafaji
Mazin Al-Khafaji's work has interested me for years. In February 2014, we invited him for the second time to speak at the Southwest Symposium in Austin, Texas.
Remembering Clarence Gonstead and 50 Years of the Gonstead Clinic
Dr. Clarence Selmer Gonstead (1898-1978) took chiropractic practice from back-alley bone setting to an understandable biomechanical science. His life was dedicated to clinical competency.
Immunizations by Colorado DCs: Really?
You probably didn't hear about it, but back on Nov. 21, 2013, the Board of Directors of the Colorado Chiropractic Association (CCA) adopted "immunization authority" for Colorado DCs as its No. 2 legislative goal.
Are You a Bad Chiropractic Patient?
My father was a great DC. In fact, as you might expect, he was the doctor of chiropractic I measured all other doctors against. Sadly, he died at age 61 when I was in my early 30s.
Coding for the Subluxation: ICD-9 vs. ICD-10
When I attended chiropractic school, I was taught that chiropractors approach health care differently than the traditional medical establishment.
Medical Qigong for the Heart: Part III
Part 1 and Part II of this series focused on the physical aspect of the Heart and mental emotional aspects of the Heart respectively. Now, I would like to focus on the spiritual aspect of the Heart.
Curbing Label Overwhelm
For the average consumer, reading a food package can be overwhelming: natural, organic, non-GMO, gluten free, free range ... you get the picture.
Knee Pain From the Kinetic Chain
As practitioners of manual medicine, chiropractors often treat patients suffering from knee pain.
Fibromyalgia: Put the Pain in Its Place
While some fibromyalgia patients respond favorably to regular chiropractic care, others experience minimal relief. Unfortunately, many of these patients must rely on pharmacological management to relieve their constant pain.
Physical Exam 101: The Hands
I am sure you are familiar with the old adage: "When the only tool in your toolbox is a hammer, everything starts to look like a nail."
By the Numbers: 3 Common Financial Mistakes With Major Consequences
Warren Buffett is on record for sharing the hidden art of becoming wealthy and making it simple enough for anyone to grasp.
Vaccines and Chiropractic: Evidence-Based Medicine or Medical Dogma?
Right or wrong, the chiropractic profession has historically been against vaccinations. However, a growing trend within the profession is seeking to reverse this position.
New Medical Technologies You Need to Know
We're all familiar with how fast computers become obsolete, as well as the rapid pace of development in the field of cell phone technology. The latest smart phones are far more powerful than desktop computers were only a few years ago.
A History Worth Telling
The popularity and the use of acupuncture for the treatment of animals in the United States is at its peak.
Why You Should Include the Single-Leg Stance Test in Every Patient Assessment
The single-leg stance (SLS) test, also known as the single-limb stance test, unipedal stance test or one-legged stance / balance test, is often used in the geriatric population to assess static postural and balance control.
February, 2003, Vol. 03, Issue 02
Yin and Yang Deficiency, Part V
By Barbra Esher, AOBTA CI. Dipl. ABT & Ac. (NCCAOM), LAc
If you've been following this series of articles, you're now familiar with the differences between yin and yang deficiency. At this point, you know yin deficiency in depth and have been introduced to yang deficiency.This article explains how to differentiate the different types of yang deficiency, so you can fine-tune your assessment and treatment. (Editor's note: Barbra's entire series of articles can be accessed online by clicking here.)
When evaluating yin and yang, always consider the big picture. Yin aspects are related to nourishment and substance; yang aspects are more energetic and functional. We need yin and yang; women and men contain both, or they cease to exist. In the first article in this series, I discussed the aging process as it relates to yin and yang. People naturally start to decline in yin, yang or both as they age. If yin wanes, people may have less of a desire to nurture or care for others, or they may become more outgoing or outspoken. Substance also declines - for example, bone density decreases. If yang declines, they may become more relaxed and accommodating to others, but they also may have sexual dysfunction and trouble holding urine throughout the night. (This is discussed a little more extensively in part I of the yin/yang series: www.massagetoday.com/archives/2002/09/07.html.)
Yang deficiency always has some cold symptoms in the pattern, but overall, it does not appear as an excess condition. Most people with yang deficiency present with at least a few of these symptoms:
When you determine there is a yang deficiency, the next step is to decide what organ is primarily involved. It could be Spleen, Kidney or Heart, (capitalized to distinguish the Chinese view of these organs as an orb of influence, rather than what we commonly think of in the West). Actually, yang deficiency could be a progression from qi deficiency, such that organ patterns look the same, but with the addition of cold symptoms. (Editor's note: See the General Full Cold Symptoms chart below).
Spleen Yang Deficiency includes any of the broad symptoms listed in the first chart (above), keeping in mind that there must also be cold symptoms because of the relative lack of yang. Various digestive problems also manifest, such as lack of appetite; a puffy, tired feeling after eating; or loose stools. This is an indication that the Spleen's transportation and transformation function is impaired. For the same reason, if the Spleen can't convert the qi in food to a usable form, a person feels tired, listless or has trouble waking up in the morning. Fluids also will build up, because they aren't being transported and distributed properly (another function of the Spleen).
Poor diet is the primary cause of Spleen yang deficiency. Eating excessive cold, frozen, raw or sweet foods will damage the Spleen. Irregular eating habits; under- or overeating; eating too quickly; or eating while working or driving all can damage the Spleen. Is it no wonder that this is such a common syndrome is our society! Taking too many Chinese herbs with a cold nature also can cause Spleen yang deficiency, so if the patient is taking herbs, make he or she is seeing a qualified herbalist.
To evaluate Kidney Yang Deficiency, check for at least a few of the symptoms in the chart above. There may also be problems with the lower back and/or knee pain, both of which can be relieved by warmth. The Kidneys are closely related to Ming Men Fire, which emanates from the area of the lower back. When it fails to warm the body, the lower back feels cold. Whenever there is cold, there is pain, as the cold contracts and obstructs the free flow of qi. In addition, Kidney yang gives strength and support to the bones of the back and knees, so a deficiency will cause weakness in those areas.
The warmth of Kidney yang is needed for sexual function and fertility so a deficiency causes problems such as impotence, infertility, premature ejaculation or decreased sexual desire. Kidney yang also enervates the zhi, which is the spirit housed in the Kidneys. A deficiency will cause lassitude and a lack of motivation or willpower. Patients with Kidney yang deficiency feel they don't have the energy to do anything, or that they have used up all of their reserves -- which indeed they have!
Kidney yang deficiency often develops from Spleen yang deficiency, so you see symptoms such as edema in the legs, caused by lack of fluid transformation. For the same reason, fluids build up in the tongue, causing it to become swollen.
Kidney qi actually holds the urine in place, but since a deficiency of Kidney qi is often a precursor of Kidney Yang deficiency, you will see symptoms of nocturia (getting up at night to go to the bathroom), dribbling after urination or incontinence (in severe cases).
The causes of Kidney yang deficiency include chronic, longstanding illness; excessive sexual activity; a constitutional deficiency; or a decline of the Kidneys with advancing age. Some medications, such as those used for high blood pressure, will also deplete Kidney yang.
When someone seems to have symptoms of a yang deficiency (especially if his or her hands get cold), suspect a Heart Yang Deficiency. The Heart meridian goes down the arms; if there is insufficient Heart yang, qi can't be transported to the extremities. The person may also have a stuffiness or uncomfortable feeling in the region of the Heart. A cardinal sign for any Heart pattern is Heart palpitations, often described as an awareness of the heartbeat, or a fluttering feeling. These symptoms are caused by insufficiency of the Heart yang in moving the qi in the chest.
Heart yang deficiency can develop from a Heart qi deficiency, so you will see symptoms such as shortness of breath, sweating with no exertion and listlessness. The causes are the same as for Kidney yang deficiency. Heart Yang deficiency can also be caused by a sudden or prolonged loss of blood, which causes a deficiency of Blood, qi and (eventually) Heart yang.
I am including a chart on the symptoms of some excess/full cold patterns (below), but I am not going to explain them in detail, because it's not within the scope of this series. Included are four fairly common syndromes you will see in your practice.
By this point, you should be an expert at differentiating a cold from a hot condition, or an excess from a deficiency. You should also be able to pinpoint the exact organ involved. To complete the picture, next month's article will detail treatment protocols for yang deficiency, addressing each of the zang-fu disharmonies. I'll also include dietary, lifestyle and environmental counseling. Until then, keep your yang-deficient clients warm!
Click here for previous articles by Barbra Esher, AOBTA CI. Dipl. ABT & Ac. (NCCAOM), LAc.
Join the conversation
Comments are encouraged, but you must follow our User Agreementcomments powered by Disqus
Keep it civil and stay on topic. No profanity, vulgar, racist or hateful comments or personal attacks. Anyone who chooses to exercise poor judgement will be blocked. By posting your comment, you agree to allow MPA Media the right to republish your name and comment in additional MPA Media publications without any notification or payment.