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A Commonly Missed Spinal Fixation: The Upper Lumbar Spine (Part 1)
When we think of lower back pain, we tend to think in terms of the lower lumbar spine and the SI joint. These joints and their discs are obviously important. However, we tend to miss fixations that occur just above – in the upper lumbar spine. Three questions come to mind: 1) Why is the upper lumbar spine so important? 2) Why do we miss the fixations here? 3) How can we adjust them?
Let the Patient Tell Their Story
Often when a patient presents with an injury, they want to tell their story. People by nature like to talk about themselves, particularly when they're worried about their health.
The Spirit of the Point
After receiving a large amount of positive feedback on my San Zhen Protocols series, I have decided to focus this article on some relevant clinical aspects of acupuncture therapy prior to moving on to San Zhen Protocols III.
If You Get a Request for Records, Respond!
In our previous two articles, we discussed two of the main reasons for denial when chiropractic records are reviewed by Medicare contractors.
When Big Pharma Meets Chinese Medicine
Earlier this year, Bayer made a media splash with their decision to buy the Dihon Pharmaceutical Group Co., a Chinese TCM manufacturer.
Get Ready For AOM Day
This year, AOM Day 2014 falls on Friday, (October 24th). This is a great opportunity to make your AOM Day celebration or event even bigger by extending it throughout the weekend!
Uncle Sam Needs You
Scrutiny into the Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA) continues to grow after efforts to reform the DVA by the former Secretary of Veterans Affairs, Eric Shinseki, were deemed "a stunning period of dysfunction" by Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.).
Medicalization and Mindfulness
The past several years have seen a veritable explosion of research on mindfulness. Research abstracts we've published in each issue of Health Insights Today under the heading "Mind-Body News" have increasingly reported on studies about mindfulness interventions.
History of Animal Acupuncture: Part II
In Part I of this article, I had gone back to 1969 and tried to describe the atmosphere and events of that year that engulfed many of the younger generation, some who were all the core members of the National Acupuncture Association.
MPA Media Wins Seven Publishing Awards
MPA Media, publisher of Acupuncture Today, among other titles, has been recognized for editorial and design excellence with an unprecendented seven publishing awards by the ASBPE, the nation's largest organization for business-to-business publications.
The Science Behind Happiness
Are you happy right now? Whether yes or no, there are a myriad of reasons why you feel that way. A whole academic discipline has developed to find out what causes or obstructs happiness, and how to amplify it.
Improving Our Political Effectiveness
The November 2014 elections are right around the corner; members of Congress, governors and state legislators are all running. Now is a good time to talk frankly about our overall political involvement.
News in Brief
NBCE Launches Computer-Based Testing Era; California Chiropractors Get Expanded DOT Exam Privileges; New Jeff Hays Documentary.
The Problem With Prolonged Sitting
We need to constantly talk to our patients about spending less time sitting and about what can go wrong with poor sitting postures. The fact is we sit too long in repetitive malpositions.
Thoughts to Live By
When speaking to your patients about their health make sure to ponder the following points and have them assess if they are making themselves even more sick by the thoughts they have about life. Are these some of the traits and thoughts that your patients might have?
Healing Community Trauma in Israel and Palestine
It's the beginning of August and Israel and Hamas have just agreed to a 72-hour ceasefire after a month of brutal fighting. In the last four weeks, 1,830 Palestinians and 67 Israelis have been killed.
The Truth About Herbs
I appreciate the effort and research put into the article written in the June issue of Acupuncture Today regarding pesticides and Chinese herbs.
A Healthy Dose of Failure is Vital to Your Success
As an acupuncturist I tend to see people after they have already suffered for years and "tried everything." They are so desperate for some relief that they want to know everything about how to get better, right now.
Thoracolumbar Syndrome: The Great Mimic
The thoracolumbar junction is a common area of joint dysfunction. The most obvious cause is dysfunctional breathing or lack of diaphragmatic breathing. Treating this breathing problem will ultimately be the long-term cure for the syndrome.
A Glimpse Into China's Top Brain Hospital
The sounds of the city pass through the open window are overwhelming the microphone - car horns, construction machinery - and then there's the family at the adjacent bed talking loudly on cell phones, yet you can still hear the faint beep of our patients monitoring equipment.
Rethinking GMO: Less Panic, More Context
Some of you may have noticed that after writing parts 1 and 2 of “Genetic Modification of Organisms for Human Consumption” a while back [Nov. 15, 2013 and Jan. 1, 2014 issues], part 3 never appeared.
October, 2002, Vol. 02, Issue 10
By Vivian Madison-Mahoney, LMT
While it seems there are no laws regarding fees that may be charged to patients or insurance companies, there are certainly ethical and other considerations.
I am asked frequently to write about or offer my opinion on massage therapist fees.This is a sensitive subject with some, and therefore a difficult subject for me to write about. I ask you to please bear in mind when reading this article that mitigating circumstances may modify what one may charge or expect for reimbursement.
I am not recommending fees, but offering my opinion and suggestions, which are based upon personal experiences. My experiences consist of 16 years of billing and being reimbursed by insurance companies for prescribed medical cases referred to our office. Experience also comes from 37 court appearances, hearings and depositions. My opinions and advice also are based on communications with insurance companies, auditing companies, and defense attorneys. I am asked often about the legal and/or ethical billing practices of massage therapists, including fees and codes used. Finally, my recommendations are based on reports of denials or reductions from those who charge high rates and call or e-mail me later asking what they should do.
Insurance companies will not tell you what you can charge. However, they do set the amounts they will pay. Insurance companies normally reimburse at the established usual, customary and reasonable, (UCR) rate per geographical region.
I know some people who teach billing to massage therapists and advise them that they can or should bill high -- upward of $145 - $175 or more per visit. In my opinion, this is totally outrageous. Their explanation or reasoning for this is that insurance companies will pay it, usually based upon RBRVS.
According to the glossary of terms in the 2001 edition of the American Medical Association (AMA) publication Medicare RBRVS: The Physicians' Guide, RBRVS is defined as follows:
RBRVS takes into consideration the cost of a physician's practice overhead, rent, staff salaries and benefits, medical equipment and supplies. It is one of three resource cost components included in the formula for computing Medicare payment schedule amounts. Another of the three resource cost components includes the physician's work. "Physicians work includes the physician's individual effort in providing a service, which includes time, technical difficulty of the procedure, severity of the patient's condition, and the physical and mental effort required to provide the service."
You and I both know that our overhead cost of doing business and professional liability insurance are nowhere near a physician's costs, not even taking into consideration the work components involved. So if you think you are worth the same fee as a physician, or think you should charge outrageously high rates, please think twice. (A recent report stated that most physicians' medical malpractice insurance is in excess of $250,000 a year, causing some physicians to have to retire early or relocate their practices to other states).
For example, some insurers may allow as much as $45 per each unit or 15 minutes of treatment for CPT Code 97140, Manual Therapy Techniques. Does this mean we need to be billing that much? No! Does that mean we need to be reducing our fees per code to $10-$15 per unit? No! Billing too low can be as bad as billing too high. Carriers enter codes and fees into a database. They later establish usual, customary, and reasonable fees, according to fees and codes entered in their databases per geographic region.
If we bill too low, we harm the other professionals who may use these codes and who have a higher cost of doing business incorporated in their fee structure. By the same token, if we charge too much, we harm ourselves in several ways:
When I began working with insurance companies in 1984-85, we billed our prescribed cases at $56 per hour of therapy, later raising our fees to $65. We retained this fee for many years. The maximum fee we ever billed from our office was $95 with one or more modalities added, and only when prescribed. (This did not include special services or initial visit fees.)
If all insurance companies suddenly got together and decided that our services were costing them more than it was worth, what would we do? What would those patients who need our services do? Unfortunately, most insurers do not really care about patient recovery, prevention of medical problems, etc. Insurance companies care about the bottom line: cutting costs and saving money!
We have just begun to get our feet in the door and be recognized and accepted by insurance companies. Make no mistake; we have a long, long way to go.
What type of wage were you making before you became a massage therapist? Many of us were making minimum wage, if that. What makes us think that, just because we obtained a license with minimal training, we should now be making the same as others who have invested untold capital and spent years of training and residency time?
In the past few years, I have seen and heard of too many therapists just out of school who thought they could earn a ton of money without having to work for it. With this attitude, it is impossible to achieve any great level of success. (If it is possible, will someone please tell me how?) I have heard of massage therapists who complain to patients that they are not making enough money when working for a chiropractor or in another therapist's establishment. They complain to clients that they are only being paid $25 (or more). They complain, while working in a clean, quiet, air-conditioned room, with no overhead or worries, to clients who work in 95 to 100 degree weather or in rain and snow and make only $8 per hour. Now tell me, how in the world do you think that makes clients feel? Do you think they will feel sorry for therapists, especially when it is their $8 per hour that is being scrounged and saved to pay for massage? (This may be exaggerated a bit, but I guarantee, not by much). My husband, for example, a licensed funeral director and embalmer, managed a multimillion-dollar funeral home earning only $20 per hour. He certainly does not feel sorry for us when we complain about what we earn.
We need to reassess our values, training and goals. If we don't, what we have all worked so hard for will be priced right out of reach of the average person, and massage will be right back where it once was, available only to the wealthy as a luxury treatment.
Yes, we work hard -- probably harder than any other health care professional. Our work involves constant giving, caring, and it requires great physical effort. Additional educational training is expensive and time-consuming. Setting up our offices with the best equipment and supplies is expensive, too. I have been there, I know! But we still do not fall into physician or other health care provider categories when it comes to expense and time involved.
We are so fortunate to be in a profession that has grown so much and been so widely accepted in such a few short years, so to put it bluntly, let's not screw it up!
Let the following be your guide for rate setting:
As I was sitting down to write this article, I received a call from a defense attorney in Orlando, Florida regarding a therapist's billing practices. In this particular case, I believe I helped prevent the therapist's bills from being denied and avoided a potentially embarrassing court proceeding. However, it is not always that easy, especially when I am deposed to testify, as has happened before. I do not like testifying, or even indicating to an attorney or an insurer that a therapist is possibly in the wrong. I want to help you, not go against you!
Click here for more information about Vivian Madison-Mahoney, LMT.
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