resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
Let's Talk About Biceps Injuries at the Elbow
While most muscles cross over only one joint, the biceps crosses two joints: the elbow and the shoulder. Injuries to the lower biceps cause considerable elbow pain. Here's how to assess and treat an injury to this area conservatively.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
October, 2002, Vol. 02, Issue 10
By Vivian Madison-Mahoney, LMT
While it seems there are no laws regarding fees that may be charged to patients or insurance companies, there are certainly ethical and other considerations.
I am asked frequently to write about or offer my opinion on massage therapist fees.This is a sensitive subject with some, and therefore a difficult subject for me to write about. I ask you to please bear in mind when reading this article that mitigating circumstances may modify what one may charge or expect for reimbursement.
I am not recommending fees, but offering my opinion and suggestions, which are based upon personal experiences. My experiences consist of 16 years of billing and being reimbursed by insurance companies for prescribed medical cases referred to our office. Experience also comes from 37 court appearances, hearings and depositions. My opinions and advice also are based on communications with insurance companies, auditing companies, and defense attorneys. I am asked often about the legal and/or ethical billing practices of massage therapists, including fees and codes used. Finally, my recommendations are based on reports of denials or reductions from those who charge high rates and call or e-mail me later asking what they should do.
Insurance companies will not tell you what you can charge. However, they do set the amounts they will pay. Insurance companies normally reimburse at the established usual, customary and reasonable, (UCR) rate per geographical region.
I know some people who teach billing to massage therapists and advise them that they can or should bill high -- upward of $145 - $175 or more per visit. In my opinion, this is totally outrageous. Their explanation or reasoning for this is that insurance companies will pay it, usually based upon RBRVS.
According to the glossary of terms in the 2001 edition of the American Medical Association (AMA) publication Medicare RBRVS: The Physicians' Guide, RBRVS is defined as follows:
RBRVS takes into consideration the cost of a physician's practice overhead, rent, staff salaries and benefits, medical equipment and supplies. It is one of three resource cost components included in the formula for computing Medicare payment schedule amounts. Another of the three resource cost components includes the physician's work. "Physicians work includes the physician's individual effort in providing a service, which includes time, technical difficulty of the procedure, severity of the patient's condition, and the physical and mental effort required to provide the service."
You and I both know that our overhead cost of doing business and professional liability insurance are nowhere near a physician's costs, not even taking into consideration the work components involved. So if you think you are worth the same fee as a physician, or think you should charge outrageously high rates, please think twice. (A recent report stated that most physicians' medical malpractice insurance is in excess of $250,000 a year, causing some physicians to have to retire early or relocate their practices to other states).
For example, some insurers may allow as much as $45 per each unit or 15 minutes of treatment for CPT Code 97140, Manual Therapy Techniques. Does this mean we need to be billing that much? No! Does that mean we need to be reducing our fees per code to $10-$15 per unit? No! Billing too low can be as bad as billing too high. Carriers enter codes and fees into a database. They later establish usual, customary, and reasonable fees, according to fees and codes entered in their databases per geographic region.
If we bill too low, we harm the other professionals who may use these codes and who have a higher cost of doing business incorporated in their fee structure. By the same token, if we charge too much, we harm ourselves in several ways:
When I began working with insurance companies in 1984-85, we billed our prescribed cases at $56 per hour of therapy, later raising our fees to $65. We retained this fee for many years. The maximum fee we ever billed from our office was $95 with one or more modalities added, and only when prescribed. (This did not include special services or initial visit fees.)
If all insurance companies suddenly got together and decided that our services were costing them more than it was worth, what would we do? What would those patients who need our services do? Unfortunately, most insurers do not really care about patient recovery, prevention of medical problems, etc. Insurance companies care about the bottom line: cutting costs and saving money!
We have just begun to get our feet in the door and be recognized and accepted by insurance companies. Make no mistake; we have a long, long way to go.
What type of wage were you making before you became a massage therapist? Many of us were making minimum wage, if that. What makes us think that, just because we obtained a license with minimal training, we should now be making the same as others who have invested untold capital and spent years of training and residency time?
In the past few years, I have seen and heard of too many therapists just out of school who thought they could earn a ton of money without having to work for it. With this attitude, it is impossible to achieve any great level of success. (If it is possible, will someone please tell me how?) I have heard of massage therapists who complain to patients that they are not making enough money when working for a chiropractor or in another therapist's establishment. They complain to clients that they are only being paid $25 (or more). They complain, while working in a clean, quiet, air-conditioned room, with no overhead or worries, to clients who work in 95 to 100 degree weather or in rain and snow and make only $8 per hour. Now tell me, how in the world do you think that makes clients feel? Do you think they will feel sorry for therapists, especially when it is their $8 per hour that is being scrounged and saved to pay for massage? (This may be exaggerated a bit, but I guarantee, not by much). My husband, for example, a licensed funeral director and embalmer, managed a multimillion-dollar funeral home earning only $20 per hour. He certainly does not feel sorry for us when we complain about what we earn.
We need to reassess our values, training and goals. If we don't, what we have all worked so hard for will be priced right out of reach of the average person, and massage will be right back where it once was, available only to the wealthy as a luxury treatment.
Yes, we work hard -- probably harder than any other health care professional. Our work involves constant giving, caring, and it requires great physical effort. Additional educational training is expensive and time-consuming. Setting up our offices with the best equipment and supplies is expensive, too. I have been there, I know! But we still do not fall into physician or other health care provider categories when it comes to expense and time involved.
We are so fortunate to be in a profession that has grown so much and been so widely accepted in such a few short years, so to put it bluntly, let's not screw it up!
Let the following be your guide for rate setting:
As I was sitting down to write this article, I received a call from a defense attorney in Orlando, Florida regarding a therapist's billing practices. In this particular case, I believe I helped prevent the therapist's bills from being denied and avoided a potentially embarrassing court proceeding. However, it is not always that easy, especially when I am deposed to testify, as has happened before. I do not like testifying, or even indicating to an attorney or an insurer that a therapist is possibly in the wrong. I want to help you, not go against you!
Click here for more information about Vivian Madison-Mahoney, LMT.
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