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Increasing the Value of Spine Care: CMS Approves New Low Back Pain Registry
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has approved the Spine IQ Low Back Pain Registry as a qualified clinical data registry for the Physician Quality Reporting System (PQRS) in 2016.
Acupuncture Muscle Trigger Point and Oriental Medicine Sports Therapy
It is difficult to ascertain the internal condition of professional basketball player Lebron James during game one of the 2014 NBA finals, in which he developed debilitating muscle cramps that led to his premature removal from the game.
AOM Hospital-Based Practice: A Future Reality?
The natural evolution of health care on the planet is integrative health. We may have some challenges ahead, but based on my research, all indicators are pointing in a positive direction. There seems to be an evolving consciousness among our patient population that is "getting it."
Tai Chi Documentary Premier
First Run Features recently announced the world theatrical premiere of Barry Strugatz's documentary The Professor: Tai Chi's Journey West, which premiered last month at the Laemmle Music Hall in Los Angeles.
An MD Who Understands the Opioid Epidemic
Doctors of chiropractic have an important role to play in ending the opioid epidemic and dealing with chronic pain by conservative means (see our top story in this issue) – but who's to blame for opioid dependence and abuse in the first place?
An Emerging Partnership Model
Maryland University of Integrative Health (MUIH) has educated integrative health and wellness practitioners for the last 40 years, originally as an acupuncture clinic and school. The institution's transformative, relationship-centered programs integrate traditional wisdom with contemporary science
Kansas Achieves Licensing Law
Kansas Governor Sam Brownback signed House Bill 2615 into law on Friday, May 13, 2016. HB2615 includes provisions for the licensure of acupuncturists in the state of Kansas.
Sit or Stand? Analyzing a Mixed Message
I'm more than a bit confused. At my age, that seems to be a rather common occurrence. However, today more than ever, I'm getting a mixed message.
Acupuncture's Impact on the World
For several years, I have been hearing about the town of Rothenburg, Germany. It seemed just a dot on a map until I arrived. It is the home of the TCM Kongress which began in 1968. It has been held annually for 47 years and it has only missed one year.
Introducing the Acupuncture Today Digital Edition
In response to the changing habits of our readers, Acupuncture Today will introduce a digital edition of the publication (in addition to our print edition) beginning with the August 2016 issue.
What You Say Isn't Always What Patients Hear
A few years ago, my aunt Edna (name changed for the purpose of this story) suffered a stroke. After a short hospital stay, she was transferred to a nursing home for rehabilitation. When she arrived at the nursing home, Edna requested a private room.
Beating the Odds: Interview With Para-Powerlifter Adeline Dumapong-Ancheta
Since October 2015, the FICS Foundation, the charitable organization affiliated with the International Federation of Sports Chiropractic (FICS), has been supporting disabled athletes internationally.
Chronic Pain: Become Part of the Solution
I have lectured to more than 7,000 chiropractic physicians over the past five years regarding the chronic pain and opioid epidemic in this country.
A Long-Overdue Win for Oregon Medicaid Patients - and the Implications for Other States
Beginning July 1, 2016, Oregon Medicaid patients with spinal pain (cervical, thoracic, lumbar, pelvic) who are determined to be low risk based on a biopsychosocial assessment tool (STarT Back – Keele University) can receive four chiropractic visits per episode.
The Pertinent Negative
We all have to perform evaluations on patients. Most of us don't like doing it – exams take time, and worse it takes even more time after the evaluation to put together a narrative summary of the findings. Sometimes, this process becomes downright tedious.
Three Tips to Help You Analyze the Acupuncture Case Studies of the NCCAOM Exam
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Case study:
After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third
session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse
during cold weather.
Multivitamin Supplement May Reduce Breast Cancer Recurrence
There is a great deal of controversy regarding the value of multiple vitamin supplements in cancer prevention.
Adventures with the San Jiao
Those of us who have been in practice for several decades relish the way meridians and points reveal new diagnostic clues and new insights. I love to encourage my students to see this as an adventure that goes way beyond the textbooks.
What's New in Phytonutrition: Mangifera Indica, "The King of Fruits"
One hundred percent pure Indian green mango fruit (mangifera indica), harvested at a special degree of ripeness for efficacy and taste, can now be concentrated as a phytonutrient nutraceutical powder.
Insuring Quality Control in Herb Importation: An Interview with Wilson Lau
Wilson Lau is the vice president of Nuherbs, a Chinese herb importation company based in San Leandro, California. Before joining Nuherbs, he trained as a lawyer specializing in FDA law.
How to Stay Sane During the Elections: Understanding Through the Lens of Chinese Medicine
In Chinese Medicine philosophy, everything consists of Yin and Yang. The law of polar opposites – one cannot exist without its opposite.
Treating Hip & Groin Pain With Abdominal Release of Upper Lumbar Nerve Impingements
Have you encountered patients with groin and hip pain you can't seem to solve? You know it's not a worn-out hip; you suspect the pain is somehow connected to the spine. But somehow, you just can't help them break through.
October, 2002, Vol. 02, Issue 10
By Vivian Madison-Mahoney, LMT
While it seems there are no laws regarding fees that may be charged to patients or insurance companies, there are certainly ethical and other considerations.
I am asked frequently to write about or offer my opinion on massage therapist fees.This is a sensitive subject with some, and therefore a difficult subject for me to write about. I ask you to please bear in mind when reading this article that mitigating circumstances may modify what one may charge or expect for reimbursement.
I am not recommending fees, but offering my opinion and suggestions, which are based upon personal experiences. My experiences consist of 16 years of billing and being reimbursed by insurance companies for prescribed medical cases referred to our office. Experience also comes from 37 court appearances, hearings and depositions. My opinions and advice also are based on communications with insurance companies, auditing companies, and defense attorneys. I am asked often about the legal and/or ethical billing practices of massage therapists, including fees and codes used. Finally, my recommendations are based on reports of denials or reductions from those who charge high rates and call or e-mail me later asking what they should do.
Insurance companies will not tell you what you can charge. However, they do set the amounts they will pay. Insurance companies normally reimburse at the established usual, customary and reasonable, (UCR) rate per geographical region.
I know some people who teach billing to massage therapists and advise them that they can or should bill high -- upward of $145 - $175 or more per visit. In my opinion, this is totally outrageous. Their explanation or reasoning for this is that insurance companies will pay it, usually based upon RBRVS.
According to the glossary of terms in the 2001 edition of the American Medical Association (AMA) publication Medicare RBRVS: The Physicians' Guide, RBRVS is defined as follows:
RBRVS takes into consideration the cost of a physician's practice overhead, rent, staff salaries and benefits, medical equipment and supplies. It is one of three resource cost components included in the formula for computing Medicare payment schedule amounts. Another of the three resource cost components includes the physician's work. "Physicians work includes the physician's individual effort in providing a service, which includes time, technical difficulty of the procedure, severity of the patient's condition, and the physical and mental effort required to provide the service."
You and I both know that our overhead cost of doing business and professional liability insurance are nowhere near a physician's costs, not even taking into consideration the work components involved. So if you think you are worth the same fee as a physician, or think you should charge outrageously high rates, please think twice. (A recent report stated that most physicians' medical malpractice insurance is in excess of $250,000 a year, causing some physicians to have to retire early or relocate their practices to other states).
For example, some insurers may allow as much as $45 per each unit or 15 minutes of treatment for CPT Code 97140, Manual Therapy Techniques. Does this mean we need to be billing that much? No! Does that mean we need to be reducing our fees per code to $10-$15 per unit? No! Billing too low can be as bad as billing too high. Carriers enter codes and fees into a database. They later establish usual, customary, and reasonable fees, according to fees and codes entered in their databases per geographic region.
If we bill too low, we harm the other professionals who may use these codes and who have a higher cost of doing business incorporated in their fee structure. By the same token, if we charge too much, we harm ourselves in several ways:
When I began working with insurance companies in 1984-85, we billed our prescribed cases at $56 per hour of therapy, later raising our fees to $65. We retained this fee for many years. The maximum fee we ever billed from our office was $95 with one or more modalities added, and only when prescribed. (This did not include special services or initial visit fees.)
If all insurance companies suddenly got together and decided that our services were costing them more than it was worth, what would we do? What would those patients who need our services do? Unfortunately, most insurers do not really care about patient recovery, prevention of medical problems, etc. Insurance companies care about the bottom line: cutting costs and saving money!
We have just begun to get our feet in the door and be recognized and accepted by insurance companies. Make no mistake; we have a long, long way to go.
What type of wage were you making before you became a massage therapist? Many of us were making minimum wage, if that. What makes us think that, just because we obtained a license with minimal training, we should now be making the same as others who have invested untold capital and spent years of training and residency time?
In the past few years, I have seen and heard of too many therapists just out of school who thought they could earn a ton of money without having to work for it. With this attitude, it is impossible to achieve any great level of success. (If it is possible, will someone please tell me how?) I have heard of massage therapists who complain to patients that they are not making enough money when working for a chiropractor or in another therapist's establishment. They complain to clients that they are only being paid $25 (or more). They complain, while working in a clean, quiet, air-conditioned room, with no overhead or worries, to clients who work in 95 to 100 degree weather or in rain and snow and make only $8 per hour. Now tell me, how in the world do you think that makes clients feel? Do you think they will feel sorry for therapists, especially when it is their $8 per hour that is being scrounged and saved to pay for massage? (This may be exaggerated a bit, but I guarantee, not by much). My husband, for example, a licensed funeral director and embalmer, managed a multimillion-dollar funeral home earning only $20 per hour. He certainly does not feel sorry for us when we complain about what we earn.
We need to reassess our values, training and goals. If we don't, what we have all worked so hard for will be priced right out of reach of the average person, and massage will be right back where it once was, available only to the wealthy as a luxury treatment.
Yes, we work hard -- probably harder than any other health care professional. Our work involves constant giving, caring, and it requires great physical effort. Additional educational training is expensive and time-consuming. Setting up our offices with the best equipment and supplies is expensive, too. I have been there, I know! But we still do not fall into physician or other health care provider categories when it comes to expense and time involved.
We are so fortunate to be in a profession that has grown so much and been so widely accepted in such a few short years, so to put it bluntly, let's not screw it up!
Let the following be your guide for rate setting:
As I was sitting down to write this article, I received a call from a defense attorney in Orlando, Florida regarding a therapist's billing practices. In this particular case, I believe I helped prevent the therapist's bills from being denied and avoided a potentially embarrassing court proceeding. However, it is not always that easy, especially when I am deposed to testify, as has happened before. I do not like testifying, or even indicating to an attorney or an insurer that a therapist is possibly in the wrong. I want to help you, not go against you!
Click here for more information about Vivian Madison-Mahoney, LMT.
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