resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Infertility: Managing Irregular Menses
Infertility is an area where Chinese medicine is particularly helpful. In the main, in women below the age of 38 without organic disturbance, the success rate using TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) should exceed 85%.
The Most Important Vitamin You've Never Heard Of: K2
Imagine if one in every three patients who walked through your door was afflicted with a debilitating, yet completely preventable and treatable disease.
The Lung Official
The Lung is known as the "Official Who Receives the Pure Chi From the Heavens." The act of breathing in, known as inspiration, brings oxygen into the body from the atmosphere. Each exhalation or expiration removes and releases carbon dioxide, a waste product of the body, into the atmosphere.
Sacroiliac Joint Fusion: Where's the Wisdom?
We should be very skeptical of the purportedly less invasive version of the already defrocked sacroiliac fusion surgery, "minimally invasive" sacroiliac joint fusion; and concerned this procedure simply represents the device manufacturer's attempt to find yet another new market.
Case Study: 2-Year-Old Suffering From Urinary Reflux
A19-month-old female child presented to my office for treatment. Her mother reported the child had been diagnosed with urinary reflux and associated urinary tract infections, recurrent bouts of otitis media and inability to sleep.
Six Things Every Chiropractor Should Know About Opioids
An increase in addictions and deaths due to opioids has raised significant concern and media attention. We offer this brief overview on this important public health problem for the practicing chiropractor.
Comparing Costs of Care: DCs, MDs or PTs - Who Costs More?
In a health care era where evidence is increasingly the benchmark for insurance coverage, patient care and even cultural authority, we get plenty of it courtesy of a retrospective cost analysis spanning 10 years, more than 660,000 "covered lives" and nearly 7.5 million claims from Blue Cross Blue Shield of North Carolina.
CE Regulations Are Hurting Chiropractic
During my 35 years in the chiropractic profession, I have been forced to attend available continuing-education programs that were occasionally incredibly beneficial, but frequently not worth my time.
Physical Examination in an Evidence-Based World
I have always had a fascination with physical examination procedures, particularly orthopedic tests. The origin of my fascination began just after graduation when I began the chiropractic orthopedics program.
University of Bridgeport Acupuncture Students Make Rounds at Sisters of Notre Dame
Nuns are not stereotypical acupuncture patients, Dr. Jennifer Brett acknowledges with a laugh. But then again, acupuncture has gone mainstream, just like cappuccinos and recycling. "It's changed a lot from the '70s and '80s," said Brett.
Dealing with a Pain in the Butt
The patient came into my office with the classic antalgic stoop. She was bent over almost to ninety degrees, leaning on her husband for support and staggering to walk. She had been under supportive care for a long time, but this new pain scared her.
Patience vs. Patients
How long have you been in practice? I began my journey more than 20 years ago and opened my first acupuncture clinic in 2008. Just like you, I've learned a lot over the years. Recently, I sat in an interview and was asked what made me successful.
Letter to the Editor
On December 7, 1999, the U.S. FDA reclassified the status of acupuncture needles from class III (investigative devices subject to investigative device exemptions...) to class II (special controls).
The Drug Epidemic: Are You Guilty, Too?
Attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has become epidemic among children in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the percentage of school-aged children diagnosed with ADHD has grown from 7.8 percent in 2003 to 11.0 percent in 2011.
NBCE Fumbles Computerized Testing Process
Imagine being a student again, about to take one of the four tests required to become a doctor of chiropractic. You've studied almost nonstop for the past few weeks. You can feel your anxiety level rise as you sit down in front of the computer screen.
Concerns Regarding CDC Guidelines for Pain Management
In response to the epidemic rates of opioid and heroin addiction, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) set new guidelines for physicians regarding treatment for pain.
Acupuncture Earns BLS Unique Code
The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics recently announced that acupuncturists will have their own unique occupational code in the 2018 BLS Handbook. The new Standard Occupational Code (SOC) is 29-1291, will be included in the next edition of the BLS Occupational Handbook, which will be published in 2018.
News in Brief
F4CP MEmbership Milestone Reached; ICA Challenging New California Vaccine Law; TCC Names New President; New Provost at UWS.
Acupuncture's Essential Role
Acupuncture should play a more prominent role in U.S. healthcare during and after this post-Affordable Care Act era when chronic care and population health management are key concerns for all healthcare providers.
Putting POLITE Into Practice
First came the acronym RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation), which eventually became PRICE (Protect, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation). Then in 2015, we started hearing POLICE (Protect, Optimal Loading, Ice, Compression, Elevation).
Forward Head Carriage and the Feet: What's the Connection? (Pt. 2)
Clinical evaluation of standing posture using relatively low-tech tools has been confirmed as valid and reliable by several studies. The original device used to evaluate posture was the plumb line, which served as a reference line for the effects of gravity on body alignment.
Why We Need to Fix the Mechanoreceptors (Part 2)
The muscle spindle, a particular type of mechanoreceptor, is located deep within the muscle belly, encapsulated in fascia made up of intrafusal fibers, all within the extrafusal muscle fibers.
HVLA Technique: Addressing Myths
In the annals of chiropractic history and literature, and in the imagination of the public, there is one manual adjusting technique that can produce a wide range of responses, both from patients and casual observers.
October, 2002, Vol. 02, Issue 10
Yin and Yang Deficiency, Part II
By Barbra Esher, AOBTA CI. Dipl. ABT & Ac. (NCCAOM), LAc
In the last issue of Massage Today, I discussed yang deficiency in general, and yin deficiency in greater depth. If necessary, you can refer back to that article at www.massagetoday.com/archives/2002/09/07.html.As previously mentioned, yin deficiency has heat symptoms, but milder than with a full-heat condition. All of the different syndromes listed below will have any of the general yin deficiency symptoms noted in the previous article.
Kidney Yin Deficiency includes any of the broad symptoms in the chart below (General Yin Deficiency) plus dizziness, vertigo, poor memory and/or tinnitus. This is because the Kidneys nourish the Brain, it being the Sea of Marrow in Chinese medicine. (Capitalization is often used in CM to differentiate between the Western anatomical names and the CM energetic interpretation of the internal landscape.) If there is not enough Kidney yin to nourish the Brain, then there is a gradual onset of dizziness and/or vertigo. Ears relate to the Kidneys in CM. Ear ringing that comes on slowly and is low-pitched implies a possible Kidney yin deficiency. Memory loss is hardly noticeable at first and more short-term, like walking in another room and forgetting why you went there.
Lower back pain is common for any Kidney imbalance, and when Kidney yin is deficient, it feels more "in the bones" than other deficiencies. This is due to the Kidney yin connection with marrow and bones. Kidney yin deficiency can manifest as gradual onset of a dull ache in the lower back, not necessarily connected to a previous injury.
The cause can be overwork over a period of years, particularly if activity is aided by stimulants. This includes always being on the go and overextended; burning the candle at both ends will burn up Kidney yin. Excessive sex, especially during the teenage years, can deplete Kidney yin. Heat from a severe illness can consume body fluids and Kidney yin. Chronic disease also can deplete Kidney yin, along with the yin of the Liver, Heart or Lungs. An extreme loss of blood, such as from endometriosis or fibroids, can exhaust Kidney yin. Last but not least, incorrect treatment is a cause of Kidney yin deficiency. This is not so much a problem with Asian bodywork therapy, but it is a matter of concern if the person is self-treating with herbs or going to an untrained herbalist. Many people use yang tonics from health food stores over long periods of time, which can create heat and damage Kidney yin. If you don't know what you are doing, don't play with fire!
One of Heart Yin Deficiency's key symptoms is a reddened tip of the tongue. (This is common in Heart Fire as well, but more pronounced, with a yellow coating on the tongue.) When emotional issues are involved, there could be a central crack that goes all of the way to the tip of the tongue. When the crack is shallow and the color of the body of the tongue is normal, it reflects a constitutional weakness of the Heart; when the crack is deeper, the tip more red and the tongue swollen, it indicates a more serious emotional/spiritual problem.
Palpitations are a common symptom of any Heart pattern. Some people describe them as a fluttering uneasiness in their chest or an awareness of their heart beating. Insomnia and fidgetiness for no apparent reason can be general yin deficiency symptoms, but if that is the client's predominant concern, it points more specifically to Heart yin deficiency. The Shen/Spirit-Mind is housed in the Heart and anchored by the Blood. Blood is considered yin, and anxiety and uneasiness will result without the Blood/yin substance to hold, calm and sooth the Shen.
Interestingly, the symptoms for Heart Blood deficiency are similar to those for Heart yin deficiency. Both feature palpitations, poor memory, insomnia and anxiety as main indicators. This is because you can't have one deficiency without having the other; Blood is yin -- a moist, nourishing substance. If yin is deficient, Blood will be deficient, and vice versa. You can tell which is predominant by the heat symptoms, or lack thereof. Heart yin deficiency is the main problem when the face is flushed; there is a feeling of heat; the pulse is rapid and thin and the tongue tip is red. Heart Blood deficiency is distinguished from Heart yin deficiency by a dull-pale face (sometimes described as "not shiny and new looking") a choppy pulse and a pale tongue.
As with any yin deficiency, the cause could be a busy, yin-depleting lifestyle. To nourish yin, you must spend an adequate amount of restful and rejuvenating time at home. Added to that, longstanding emotional problems such as worry and anxiety will disturb the Shen, creating heat and depleting yin.
It is also common to see Heart yin deficiency combined with Kidney yin deficiency. The yin-water from the Kidneys can't rise to cool and nourish the Heart resulting in empty-heat flaring up in the Heart. This is more common in middle aged or elderly people. In this case, you will see the Heart yin deficiency symptoms combined with lower back pain.
Liver Yang Rising is actually caused by Liver and/or Kidney yin deficiency. If the cooling yin of the Liver is depleted, the yang becomes hyperactive, rising upwards and causing headaches, dry eyes, dizziness and tinnitus. The heat also causes irritability and anger, emotions usually associated with the Liver. Key symptoms that will distinguish it from other yin deficiencies are irritability, headaches and a thready, wiry, rapid pulse. Keep in mind that this pattern is a combination of excess and deficiency, even though the symptoms of fullness may be more prevalent.
Liver Yang Rising is a fairly common pattern. Stress, frustration, anger and resentment build up over a long period of time, obstructing the free flow of Liver qi. This produces heat, which dries up yin. As described above, yin cannot control yang, which rises to the head. In contrast, the person could be relatively cool in the lower part of the body.
Lung Yin deficiency can include any of the general symptoms plus a dry, unproductive cough or a cough producing a small amount of sticky or blood-tinged sputum. The mouth is dry and the throat is tickly. The symptoms of dryness are of course due to inadequate yin/body fluids. This can be caused by a long illness that depletes the fluids of the Lungs, such as a cold or flu treated with antibiotics, causing the pathogenic factor to become locked in the Lungs. Lung yin deficiency can also be caused by having Lung qi deficiency over an extended period of time. Lung qi deficiency can result from a constitutional weakness, or from breathing being constricted by being hunched over a desk for long hours.
Stomach Yin Deficiency may present as any number of yin deficiency symptoms, but other problems related to the Stomach also may manifest. A Stomach yin deficiency causes a lack of appetite, or hunger but nothing sounds appealing to eat. There may be an achy, uncomfortable feeling in the Stomach and/or epigastric region caused by the Stomach's descending function being impaired from the lack of yin/moisture. The lips, mouth and tongue will be dry from the lack of yin. The Stomach creates the coating of the tongue, so if the Stomach lacks yin, the coating of the tongue has no root. This means the coating is patchy in places or is easily removed, particularly in the center of the tongue.
The most common cause of Stomach yin deficiency is eating late at night. Other bad eating habits will deplete Stomach qi and eventually Stomach yin, such as eating at irregular times; skipping meals; eating while working; or eating too quickly. It's best to sit, relax and chew your food well so the Stomach qi can go in the right direction: downward instead of up to your head!
This series of articles is about yin and yang deficiency, but since I've mentioned the symptoms of Full/Excess Heat for comparison, I've included them in the chart below to differentiate between three common Heat conditions.
At this point, you have enough information that if a client has any symptoms of a heat condition, you should be able to figure out if it is deficient or excess and determine which zangfu/organs are involved.
In next month's article, I will give you a general treatment protocol for yin deficiency, and specific treatments for the different types of deficiencies. I will also include food, lifestyle and environmental support/advice. After that, look for information on yang deficiency differentiation and treatment.
Click here for previous articles by Barbra Esher, AOBTA CI. Dipl. ABT & Ac. (NCCAOM), LAc.
Join the conversation
Comments are encouraged, but you must follow our User Agreementcomments powered by Disqus
Keep it civil and stay on topic. No profanity, vulgar, racist or hateful comments or personal attacks. Anyone who chooses to exercise poor judgement will be blocked. By posting your comment, you agree to allow MPA Media the right to republish your name and comment in additional MPA Media publications without any notification or payment.