resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
Let's Talk About Biceps Injuries at the Elbow
While most muscles cross over only one joint, the biceps crosses two joints: the elbow and the shoulder. Injuries to the lower biceps cause considerable elbow pain. Here's how to assess and treat an injury to this area conservatively.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
September, 2002, Vol. 02, Issue 09
CPT Code 99201 and All 99 Codes
By Ed Denning, MEd, LMT
Some massage therapists are being encouraged to use 99201 and other codes that begin with 99 to report office or other outpatient visits for the evaluation and management of new patient.I strongly recommend not using any codes beginning with 99 by any massage therapist who is also not a physician. These are physician codes only.
Going beyond opinion, I cite the following information:
1. Page 9 of the 2002 CPT Manual* lists and defines code 99201 in this manner: Office or other outpatient management of a new patient, which requires these three key components:
2. Page 6 of the manual defines medical decision-making in this manner:
Medical decision-making refers to the complexity of establishing a diagnosis and/or selecting a management option as measured by:
Pay special attention to how the three qualities of medical decision-making noted above tie together. They are listed with semi-colons and the word "and," meaning that medical decision-making must include all three qualities. There is no selectivity in the statements. All three must be present present for proper use of the code.
Straightforward medical decision-making has a component that requires the clinician to make decisions regarding "the risk of significant complications, morbidity and/or mortality ..." Massage therapists are not qualified to make decisions regarding complications, morbidity or mortality.
Additionally there is a table on page 7 of the manual that I believe clearly ties straightforward decision-making with decisions regarding complications and/or morbidity or mortality.
For the reasons listed above, I urge all massage therapists who do billing to stop using 99 codes. Even if the use of such codes is accepted by an insurance company, it carries with it a risk that a change of policy, applied retroactively, could result in significant problems for the therapist. It is your responsibility to use the correct code. If an insurance company tells you to use a 99 code, get the company's recommendation in writing.
For those who want to use CPT codes that apply to office visits, at this time my only recommendation is that you appeal to your associations to pursue the creation of CPT codes designed specifically for massage therapy. Only associations would be able to get new CPT codes approved by the American Medical Association (AMA).
It is not difficult or dangerous to use CPT codes, but like anything else, it takes time and patience. I recommend that massage therapists use only those codes for which there is documentation. Using a code that has not been established through documentation is to assume (perhaps naively) that you have been taught correctly.
*American Medical Association, Current Procedural Terminology, CPT 2002 Standard Edition; Chicago, Illinois 60612.
Ed Denning is a licensed massage therapist in Ohio. He is coordinator of the massage therapy program at Stark State College of Technology, and also serves on the Massage Therapy Advisory Committee of the Ohio State Medical Board.
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