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Mechanism: Experimental Approaches to Understanding Acupuncture, Part 1
The clinical benefits of acupuncture are difficult to ignore, but also can be difficult to explain to a Western audience. For nearly 50 years, relentlessly inquisitive scientists and physicians have been working toward a conceptual model to explain acupuncture.
Targeting the Bad Apples in the Bunch
While everyone was focused on the conversion to ICD-10, the Office of Inspector General for Health and Human Services released a new report on chiropractic titled "CMS Should Use Targeted Tactics to Curb Questionable and Inappropriate Payments for Chiropractic Services."
Your Billing Questions Answered
I hear a lot of the following questions: I am afraid I may doing something illegal. I have heard I cannot have different fees for the same service.
Born to Energize the Human Spirit: Recollections of Sig Miller
Sig Miller, longtime executive director of the Association of New Jersey Chiropractors (ANJC), passed away on Sept. 17 after a long battle with cancer.
Tailor-Made Knee Pain: The Sartorius Muscle
A patient was referred to my office after receiving treatment from various providers with no results. The patient was training for the Olympics as a marathon runner and was unable to run or walk without severe medial knee pain.
Footsteps of the Sages: An Apprenticeship with Dr. Kezhan Zhang
When I met Dr. Kezhen Zhang in May 2013, I was his translator and the integrity, creativity, and passion he demonstrated as a practitioner and advocate of the medicine convinced me to travel to Beijing to study with him.
Pro-Con: Swaddling for Newborns
The practice of swaddling has been used for thousands of years and was popular until the 1700s, when it was slowly abandoned by many cultures that considered it old-fashioned or barbaric.
Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine in the West
We know acupuncture and Oriental medicine as the indigenous medicine of East Asia; in particular China, Korea and Japan are the countries of origin of this wonderful healing system.
Syncretism: Acupuncture and Public Health in Cuba
"Syncretism" is defined as a union of diverse tenets or practices. On a recent trip to Cuba designed to demonstrate the integration of Traditional Medicine and biomedicine, our group witnessed this union firsthand.
Making Sense of an Increasingly Obvious Conclusion
Where's U.S. health care heading? Like it or not, the list of telltale signs is growing to a point that stands out to even the most myopic observer. Consider this list of facts as you look into the future of health care in the United States:
Chinese Herbs and Pulmonary Fibrosis: A Case Study
"Mary M."* recently celebrated her 90th birthday. Even the former sheriff dropped by to kiss the hand of this diminutive retired teacher, to honor the years she interpreted for him during interviews with Latinas and Latinos.
Diagnose Sprain Injuries in MVA Cases With Dynamic X-Rays (Pt. 1)
Am I the only person to notice hospitals are doing a seemingly insufficient job lately in their initial radiological workup of motor vehicle accident (MVA) victims?
Omega-3 Fish Oil: An Underappreciated Element of Men's Health
As a clinician with many male patients -- and as a man myself -- I am all too aware of the fact that we like to convince ourselves that we are doing great, when that may be the farthest thing from the truth.
It's Time to Review
It is amazing to see the changes that are occurring in the acupuncture profession. Let's look at some of the news and events that have contributed to this growth and awareness.
Designing a Fitness Plan (Part 1)
It doesn't matter if you come to my practice for pain relief, weight loss, healthy aging or something else. The formula I talk about for each patient's fitness strategy is pretty much the same.
North Carolina Acupuncture Board Files Dry Needling Lawsuit
In early September, the NCALB filed a complaint against the North Carolina Board of Physical Therapy Examiners over the issue of dry needling, a form of acupuncture that uses solid needles to puncture the skin and muscle tissue to relieve pain.
Acupuncture Rising: From Acupuncture Anesthesia to Assisted-IVF, Part 2
Acupuncture's cultural and historical roots go back to the emergence of Chinese civilization. For more than 2,000 years, acupuncture needling has been continuously practiced on the largest population in the world.
Too Many to Remember: Tips to Revive Your Ortho / Neuro Test Skills
When I was at Palmer in the mid-1980s, we were given a set of notes in one of our diagnostic courses. The notes covered approximately 70 orthopedic and neurological tests for various regions of the body.
F4CP Making a High-Impact Impression
The Foundation for Chiropractic Progress has released details of its 2016 strategy, certain elements of which are already in play. The strategy includes ads, posters and other resources available to all F4CP members.
The Modern Application of Ancient Mei Rong
Chinese Medical Cosmetology (Mei Rong) has a well-documented and venerated history dating back to the Qin (221-206 BC) Dynasty.
Dietary Fat and Prostate Cancer: An Important Update
K.M. Di Sebastiano and M. Mourtzakis published a review paper examining the role of dietary fat on prostate cancer development and progression late last year that does a stellar job of summarizing the available data on fat and prostate cancer.
The Concussion-Subluxation Complex
In the Aug. 1, 2014 issue of Dynamic Chiropractic, I reviewed some of the literature demonstrating the role of the chiropractic adjustment in post-concussive care.
One Size Does Not Fit All: Exercise and Nutrition According to Your Yin/Yang Body Type
There are countless new exercise and nutrition plans out there, emphasizing the latest ground-breaking research and claiming to revolutionize the way we view health.
August, 2002, Vol. 02, Issue 08
Move Your Anatomy
By Keith Eric Grant, PhD, NCTMB
As midsummer's day approaches each year, it marks the reappearance of one of my favorite micro-communities. For one week in June, Scandinavian dancers and musicians gather in the redwood forests just inland from the Mendocino, California coast.Teachers of regional dances and fiddle tunes are brought in from Sweden and Norway, and other teachers and participants arrive from across the United States. It is a community marked by the respect and encouragement given to each student struggling with the nuance of a dance or tune, and by the ways in which all contribute to the week. Part of what I contribute are my skills with muscle and tissue, which help keep a number of my fellow participants more comfortably dancing and fiddling. Given the motions of what we are about, my fingers may work deep into the muscles of the anterior torso, hip, and gluteals of those asking for my help.
I stress these bodily areas for their great importance to movement and posture,1 and because, as I've discovered via a number of e-mail discussions, many massage schools apparently give only summary attention to these areas. In my mind, this is a very serious omission for those hoping to more than momentarily ameliorate the tensions and pains of their clients. It is not enough to simply move our work over painfully tight areas, because the pain and tightness can be secondary to the shortness and adhesions of another area.7 Consequently, it is important to understand the basic patterns by which maintained tension leads ultimately to dysfunction, and to work to relieve these patterns.
Vladimir Janda grouped muscles into postural and phasic muscles.2 Postural muscles are oriented toward static support and tend to shorten when stressed; phasic muscles are oriented toward movement and tend to weaken when stressed. These two types of muscles are key in understanding two common patterns of muscle dysfunction: upper-crossed syndrome and lower-crossed syndrome.2,3 In upper-crossed syndrome, the pectorals, upper trapezius, and levator scapula (postural muscles) become short, while the deep neck flexors, rhomboids, and serratus anterior (phasic muscles) become weak. In lower-crossed syndrome, the iliopsoas and erector spinae become short, while the abdominals and gluteals become weak. In both syndromes, weak muscles can be strenthened by exercise only after the shortened muscles have been released. While forward-pulled shoulders may result in weak, lengthened and taut rhomboids, habitual anterior flexion can compress the ribs and cause weak and short abdominals. Thus, relieving back pain may require releasing and lengthening the entire anterior torso, as well as releasing shortened posterior muscles.
Dance kinesiologist Sally Sevey Fitt notes the extent to which our cultural habits affect our muscles and body.4
Bodyworker Erik Dalton similarly calls us a "society of flexion addicts."3 Fitt further discusses the symptoms resulting from tightness of the anterior torso muscles pectoralis minor and serratus anterior.4
From the perspective of his concept of "anatomy trains," Tom Myers discusses the clinical implications of the superficial front line. He notes the effects of a maintained "startle reflex" pattern of shortening of the anterior line along with cervical extension.6
It is tempting to see these considerations as applying only to clinical massage. Yet, apart from sudden injuries, the tensions held from day to day presage the eventual pain-producing dysfunctions. When the tensions are coaxed out in a timely way, via gentle stroke and jostling, the need for remedial work can often be avoided. Working the right areas means making the mental jump from static anatomy on pages of books to the moving anatomy of the actual human body. It is a leap we must take to be effective in the long run.
Click here for previous articles by Keith Eric Grant, PhD, NCTMB.
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