resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
A Vibrating Capsule for Constipation? Relevance to Your Chiropractic Practice
The relationship between gastrointestinal (GI) complaints and back pain is not typically written about or discussed.
Thoughts to Live By
When speaking to your patients about their health make sure to ponder the following points and have them assess if they are making themselves even more sick by the thoughts they have about life. Are these some of the traits and thoughts that your patients might have?
9 Common Causes of Thyroid Imbalance and How You Can Help
How you sleep, how easily you wake up, and how much energy and stamina you have during the day are directly related to levels of the thyroid hormones.
Healing Community Trauma in Israel and Palestine
It's the beginning of August and Israel and Hamas have just agreed to a 72-hour ceasefire after a month of brutal fighting. In the last four weeks, 1,830 Palestinians and 67 Israelis have been killed.
History of Animal Acupuncture: Part II
In Part I of this article, I had gone back to 1969 and tried to describe the atmosphere and events of that year that engulfed many of the younger generation, some who were all the core members of the National Acupuncture Association.
Get Ready For AOM Day
This year, AOM Day 2014 falls on Friday, (October 24th). This is a great opportunity to make your AOM Day celebration or event even bigger by extending it throughout the weekend!
Why Young People Need Chiropractic Now More Than Ever
According to a recent study published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, "It is now widely acknowledged that neck pain (NP), mid back pain (MBP), and low back pain (LBP) (spinal pain) start early in life and that the lifetime prevalence increases rapidly during adolescence to reach adult levels at the age of 18."
The Truth About Herbs
I appreciate the effort and research put into the article written in the June issue of Acupuncture Today regarding pesticides and Chinese herbs.
CCE Finally Takes a "Baby Step" Toward Reform
During a 16-month period from October 2010 to February 2012, I devoted four separate columns to the heavy-handed attempt by the Council on Chiropractic Education to radically change the chiropractic profession through the accreditation process.
Pain Underfoot: Metatarsalgia
Foot pain can interfere significantly with normal activities and severely limit participation in sports. Metatarsalgia is foot pain involving the metatarsal bones in the forefoot – the complaint of pain on the bottom of the ball of the foot.
MPA Media Wins 7 Publishing Awards
MPA Media, publisher of Dynamic Chiropractic and DC Practice Insights, among other titles, has been recognized for editorial and design excellence with an unprecedented seven publishing awards by the American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE), the nation's largest organization for business-to-business publications.
News in Brief
National Chiropractic Health Month: Be Proactive; Collegiate Roundup: Academic Appointments at Parker, Logan.
Waking Up the Gluteus Maximus
In previous articles in this series, we expounded on the importance of the gluteus maximus (GM) in athletic performance and protecting the knee from injury. We also know there is a link between iliotibial band syndrome and GM weakness.
Don't Turn a 2 Into a 10
The Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale1 is so useful because it can be used by almost anyone. Patients can use the numbers associated with the faces depicted on the scale or select the face that demonstrates their current level of pain from 0-10.
MPA Media Wins Seven Publishing Awards
MPA Media, publisher of Acupuncture Today, among other titles, has been recognized for editorial and design excellence with an unprecendented seven publishing awards by the ASBPE, the nation's largest organization for business-to-business publications.
When Big Pharma Meets Chinese Medicine
Earlier this year, Bayer made a media splash with their decision to buy the Dihon Pharmaceutical Group Co., a Chinese TCM manufacturer.
The Science Behind Happiness
Are you happy right now? Whether yes or no, there are a myriad of reasons why you feel that way. A whole academic discipline has developed to find out what causes or obstructs happiness, and how to amplify it.
A Healthy Dose of Failure is Vital to Your Success
As an acupuncturist I tend to see people after they have already suffered for years and "tried everything." They are so desperate for some relief that they want to know everything about how to get better, right now.
The Spirit of the Point
After receiving a large amount of positive feedback on my San Zhen Protocols series, I have decided to focus this article on some relevant clinical aspects of acupuncture therapy prior to moving on to San Zhen Protocols III.
A Glimpse Into China's Top Brain Hospital
The sounds of the city pass through the open window are overwhelming the microphone - car horns, construction machinery - and then there's the family at the adjacent bed talking loudly on cell phones, yet you can still hear the faint beep of our patients monitoring equipment.
March, 2002, Vol. 02, Issue 03
Working with Multiple Sclerosis Patients
By Ruth Werner, LMP, NCTMB, Massage Therapy Foundation President
You've done it again: I put out a request for input, and you came through in a big way. December's article on central nervous system dysfunction seemed to hit a cord with many therapists, so for the next couple of columns I will respond as best I can.(Editor's note: Ruth's December 2001 article is available on line at www.massagetoday.com/archives/2001/12/16.html.)
Although I had feedback on several issues related to central nervous system disorders, the majority of respondents requested information on multiple sclerosis (MS). This is a mysterious disorder; its population distribution is unusual, its progression is unpredictable, and its diagnosis is often a particular challenge. Patients with MS can benefit greatly from carefully managed massage, however, and most therapists probably have some clients who live with this disease.
This article will provide some brief information about how this disease develops and whom it affects, followed by a discussion of how various types of bodywork might and might not fit into the picture.
MS: who gets it? The highest incidence of MS is among Caucasian people who live in Northern or extreme Southern latitudes, or who lived there for the first 15 years of life. It is generally diagnosed in patients somewhere between 20 and 40 years old. Women are diagnosed with the disease approximately twice as frequently as men. It affects about 300 thousand Americans, with about nine thousand new diagnoses each year.
MS: what happens in the body? MS often works in cycles of inflammatory "flares" followed by periods of remission. During flares the myelin is damaged, probably by specific types of white blood cells, and is replaced by scar tissue. MS usually affects the optic nerve, brain stem, cerebellum, and spinal cord. During remission, inflammation subsides, and some regeneration of myelin may occur. In this way, MS patients may lose some neurological function during flares, but regain some or all of it during remission. The cause or causes of MS remain a mystery. Leading theories suggest that a combination of factors is at work: exposure to some pathogen that stimulates an ongoing immune system attack, environmental factors, and genetic predisposition may all be part of the picture. At this point no specific genetic, environmental, or pathogenic factors can reliably predict the incidence of multiple sclerosis.
MS: what does it look like? This disease is sometimes called The Great Imitator because its initial symptoms can look like a variety of other diseases, depending on what area of nerve tissue has been affected. The order with which symptoms appear also varies greatly from one person to the next. Some of the most dependable signs and symptoms include:
MS: how does it progress? The progression of MS is highly unpredictable. It has a few characteristic patterns, but some patients move from one pattern type to others within their disease process. Some of the basic patterns are as follows:
MS may also present as a combination of the R/R and P/P varieties.
MS is not a terminal disease in and of itself. MS sufferers generally have a lifespan about six years shorter than the average, although that statistic may improve as new medications prolong the time between flares and limit central nervous system damage. People who die prematurely from MS are usually immobile, and they fall prey to an opportunistic disease such as a kidney infection, urinary tract infection or pneumonia.
MS: what about massage? This is where it gets interesting. I've received letters from some people asking, "what do I do for this type or that...?" and letters from others saying, "I've had success with this approach..." I couldn't be happier to put all of this information together here in this article.
First of all, let me offer some words of warning. In its acute, or "flare" stage, MS is an inflammatory condition. True, the inflammation is happening in the CNS where we don't have access, but the general rule for massage and acute inflammation is to let it pass.
During an MS exacerbation, the body has a lot of activity to process. In my opinion (and absolutely anyone is invited to disagree), I think it's a better idea to let the dust settle before adding any more input in the form of massage. Some varieties of energetic work may be appropriate during MS flares, as long as the process is respected and the client is not overwhelmed or overchallenged by the stimulus being supplied.
During remission, however, we have a different story. The level of function a person achieves during remission depends on the severity of the flare, and how deeply the myelin was affected. If it was only a superficial attack, the damaged myelin may grow back and no permanent changes may occur. If it was a more intrusive flare, however, some amount of permanent damage may accrue to the nerve tissue, resulting in muscle weakness, sensory changes including parasthesia ("pins and needles"), or even complete numbness. This is where massage (as well as other therapeutic modalities) may have a profoundly positive impact. While we generally say, "if a client can't feel it, we shouldn't try to change it," some massage therapists have found that working deeply and specifically on the antagonistic muscle groups of isolated numb or weak muscles of MS clients yields exciting results.
Here is what one therapist (Jim McFarland of Virginia) has found:
Another reader, Michael Eisenberg of Washington State shared with me that Thai massage, which he describes as being just as beneficial to give as it is to receive, has helped him to manage his own MS:
And yet another reader has a client with very advanced MS who has lost most of the function in his legs. This is what she has to say:
All of these wonderful stories point in the same direction: massage has a lot to offer clients who live with MS, as long as some basic principles are kept in mind: avoid mechanical or manipulative work during periods of flare; respect numbness; only work deeply where the client has sensation; and monitor your results carefully so that you can continue to make positive choices for your client's needs.
Readers who are interested in learning more about MS, either for themselves or for their clients, would do well to visit this website: www.mic.ki.se/Diseases/. This site has an extensive list of recent articles on just about any disease you could think of. MS is listed under Neurological Diseases as a demyelinating disease.
In next month's article, I plan to discuss another aspect of CNS dysfunction: working with spinal cord injury survivors. I've had several questions from readers about "do's" and "don'ts" for these clients; what advice do you have for massage therapists?
Ruth Werner, LMT, NCTMB
Click here for previous articles by Ruth Werner, LMP, NCTMB, Massage Therapy Foundation President.
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