resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
Let's Talk About Biceps Injuries at the Elbow
While most muscles cross over only one joint, the biceps crosses two joints: the elbow and the shoulder. Injuries to the lower biceps cause considerable elbow pain. Here's how to assess and treat an injury to this area conservatively.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Code Connection: Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
February, 2002, Vol. 02, Issue 02
CranioSacral Dissection Sheds New Light on Effects of Palpation
By John Upledger, DO, OMM
In early April 1999, a small group of us had the privilege of working with a human cadaver that had been neither embalmed nor frozen. It had only been kept in a cooler to inhibit the deteriorative processes.It was the body of an 80-year-old male who had died only 34 hours earlier. The cause of death was lung cancer.
This particular dissection echoed back to others I had participated. By studying unembalmed cadaveric skull samples - skulls that had not been calcified from the effects of chemical agents - we were able to demonstrate the potential for movement between cranial bones. That fact that would become the underlying basis for what I would later name CranioSacral Therapy. Now, some 20 years later, this new round of cadaver dissections would allow us to understand the effects of this therapy in ways we could only have imagined.
To preserve the intracranial membrane system, we performed a parietal window dissection. Carefully, we removed brain tissue with no instruments but our gloved fingers. We also fully exposed the spinal dura mater to explore the interrelationships of the intracranial and spinal dural membranes, as well as their effects upon each other.
Those interactions in such a fresh cadaver were remarkable. We could see and feel the tensions developed in the falx and tentorium as we gently tractioned the dural tube from points between the occiput and the sacrococcygeal complex. The reverse, we found, was also true. As we lifted the frontal, parietal or sphenoid bones, we could see and feel the effects upon the spinal dura mater. It was all very exciting.
Now I'd like to describe our findings as we explored the effects of various activities upon the palatine bones. As you may know, a "stuck" palatine bone can be very difficult to release. It can also cause major problems, from severe headaches to visual disturbances and even seizures.
First we evaluated the resistance of motions induced by our fingertips on the palatine bones. The resistance was quite high - it required a push of at least half an ounce (15 grams +/-) to move either palatine in a cephalad direction. Pressing on the eyeball did not cause any movement in an inferior direction. This wasn't surprising, considering there was no "life" in this body. (We questioned the concept of "life," however, when we noticed the dural membrane stretched at about five grams of traction, yet eemed to contract against us as we increased the traction.)
We then dissected the right eyeball and its surrounding fat pads, which were copious even though the cadaver was lean and muscular. The fat pads clearly occupied at least 40 to 50% of the volumetric space in the orbit. We exposed the superior aspect of the vertical pillar of the right palatine bone. We were careful not to disrupt the fascial lining of the orbit, so we couldn't be accused of liberating fascial restrictions attached to the intraorbital aspect of the palatine bone.
We proceeded to induce palatine bone motion, with one finger upon its orbital surface and another finger upon its horizontal contribution to the hard palate in the mouth. The vertical and transverse mobilities of the palatine bone were still quite restricted. That's when another therapist placed a finger in the mouth, contacting the internal aspect of the right zygoma. The zygoma was decompressed laterally. This technique broadened the floor of the orbit and dramatically freed the palatine bone so that its responses to even slight finger-induced motions were extremely smooth and easy.
I had been using this technique on my patients for some time, based on the theory that a stuck palatine bone might often result from abnormal medial compression of the zygoma. It seemed effective to move the zygoma laterally to release the bone. It was most gratifying to see and feel how well the technique worked from the inside. The principle is simply to widen the floor of the orbit using the zygoma as your "handle." As the floor widens transversely, the trapped palatine bone is released and can move vertically up or down. Usually it's caught in a cephalad (upward) position.
Having witnessed the amount of fat in this orbit and the small area the palatine bone contributes to the intraorbital surface, it would seem to take an inordinate amount of pressure upon the eyeball to significantly facilitate palatine motion in a caudad (downward) direction. I much prefer to use the zygoma bone as the recipient of my force. After all, the eyeball is a delicate and intricately designed bag of fluid with subcompartments that can be much more easily damaged than the zygomatic bone.
Even with my level of experience in dissection and treatment, I found this type of dissection both enlightening and confirming. Since then we have continued to conduct similar dissection classes on a regular basis through the Institute. These classes focus on fresh, unembalmed cadavers, highlighting functional explorations rather than static observations. After all, no matter what anyone teaches you, there's nothing like discovering it with your own hands.
Click here for previous articles by John Upledger, DO, OMM.
Join the conversation
Comments are encouraged, but you must follow our User Agreementcomments powered by Disqus
Keep it civil and stay on topic. No profanity, vulgar, racist or hateful comments or personal attacks. Anyone who chooses to exercise poor judgement will be blocked. By posting your comment, you agree to allow MPA Media the right to republish your name and comment in additional MPA Media publications without any notification or payment.