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Leg-Length Inequality and Pelvic Fixation: A New Approach to the Negative Derifield (Part 3)
A patient with sacroiliac fixation and dysfunction ordinarily demonstrates a noticeable leg-length inequality when placed in the prone position on the adjusting table.
The Risks I Took
We all take risks when we choose this profession. For some, it is not knowing if you can make a living practicing TCM. For others, it is parental or cultural disapproval.
Free Yourself From the Pocketbook Practice
Let's take a journey together; there's an important lesson to be learned. Imagine a town or city just like yours.
Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology: Version 2.0
The Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology consensus, published in 2001 by the collaborative efforts of the North American Spine Society, the American Society of Spine Radiology and the American Society of Neuroradiology, has guided radiologists, clinicians and the public for more than a decade.
The Three Heater Official
This Official, belonging to the element Fire, is responsible for maintaining and regulating the heating system of the body, mind, and spirit. It is named for its function. The trunk is divided into three "burning spaces" or "jiaos."
News in Brief
Investigating the Cellular Impact of Mechanical Force; National Board Seats (Not-So) New Officers at Annual Meeting.
Going On-Site With Chiropractic Care
The Foundation for Chiropractic Progress has released a position paper highlighting the financial, clinical and patient-satisfaction benefits of providing chiropractic care at on-site corporate health clinics.
Should You Change an Athlete's Natural Running Form?
Once past the ankle, impact forces travel at about 200 mph into the knee. In addition to allowing the quad to absorb force, bending the knee (E) prevents the hip and pelvis from moving up and down too much (F), which is important for injury prevention and efficiency.
Marketing with a Microphone
When given an option, it stands to reason that people prefer to do business with those they know, like, and trust.
Meet Cheyenne: Your Future Colleague
Allow me to introduce you to Cheyenne (Chey), the daughter of some of our family's closest friends. We attend and serve at the same church together, and have known each other for many years.
Chinese Doctors Poke Holes in Australian Study
A recent Australian clinical trial, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) in 2014 by Rana Hinman, et el., evaluating the effectiveness of both needle and laser acupuncture for chronic knee pain.
I was sitting in a Pizza Hut in Peoria, Ill., with my friend Reggie, sometime in the spring of my senior year in college, when he started doodling on his paper placemat. In those days, the company had a picture of U.S. on the mats, showing all the locations of the "Huts" in the country.
Integrative Medicine for the Underserved: A Seat at the Table
Numerous organizations have risen to the challenge of providing care to medically-underserved populations and here we feature one such group.
Sports Medicine 101: Surgery or No Surgery?
In the world of sports medicine, many careers are saved by surgeries that correct traumatic damage to the body. Muscle tears, ligament damage, fractures, spinal disc herniations, and joint instabilities are a few of the issues frequently addressed with surgical intervention.
Creating Relationships at Southwest Symposium
The month of May brought many interesting activities. As I have said in many previous columns this year, this profession is moving in a very exciting direction. Make sure you are getting involved. If you're not, you just might get left behind.
An International Life: An Interview with Mary Elizabeth Wakefield
I met Mary Elizabeth Wakefield during her class last summer in Seneca Falls, New York at the Finger Lakes School of Chinese Medicine.
Treatment of PTSD: An Opportunity for the Practice of Integrated Medicine
PTSD is widespread across America today. Not only do many of our honored men and women in uniform bring it home with them from the war zones they have been active in, but it often follows any life-threatening event people go through when their lives have been in danger.
The Source-Luo Point Combination, Part 2
The Da Cheng includes symptoms for the source-luo points that indicate when to use them for treatment. Yang defines the method as the guest-host (it is one of a variety of acupuncture point combinations called guest-host).
Desert: A Metaphor from the Study of Genetics
In most of the human lives I know about, there are stretches of time which feel stagnant, or worse. We can feel adrift, or wounded and sidelined, and these times don't seem to carry much usefulness while they are unfolding.
Key Changes and Updates to the 7th Edition CNT Manual
Acupuncture Today recently interviewed Jennifer Brett, ND, L.Ac. regarding the updates to the CNT manaul.
Q&A With the First VA Chiropractic Residents
As you may have read previously, a major step forward for the profession occurred in July 2014 when the Department of Veterans Affairs began piloting a chiropractic residency program at five locations.
February, 2002, Vol. 02, Issue 02
CranioSacral Dissection Sheds New Light on Effects of Palpation
By John Upledger, DO, OMM
In early April 1999, a small group of us had the privilege of working with a human cadaver that had been neither embalmed nor frozen. It had only been kept in a cooler to inhibit the deteriorative processes.It was the body of an 80-year-old male who had died only 34 hours earlier. The cause of death was lung cancer.
This particular dissection echoed back to others I had participated. By studying unembalmed cadaveric skull samples - skulls that had not been calcified from the effects of chemical agents - we were able to demonstrate the potential for movement between cranial bones. That fact that would become the underlying basis for what I would later name CranioSacral Therapy. Now, some 20 years later, this new round of cadaver dissections would allow us to understand the effects of this therapy in ways we could only have imagined.
To preserve the intracranial membrane system, we performed a parietal window dissection. Carefully, we removed brain tissue with no instruments but our gloved fingers. We also fully exposed the spinal dura mater to explore the interrelationships of the intracranial and spinal dural membranes, as well as their effects upon each other.
Those interactions in such a fresh cadaver were remarkable. We could see and feel the tensions developed in the falx and tentorium as we gently tractioned the dural tube from points between the occiput and the sacrococcygeal complex. The reverse, we found, was also true. As we lifted the frontal, parietal or sphenoid bones, we could see and feel the effects upon the spinal dura mater. It was all very exciting.
Now I'd like to describe our findings as we explored the effects of various activities upon the palatine bones. As you may know, a "stuck" palatine bone can be very difficult to release. It can also cause major problems, from severe headaches to visual disturbances and even seizures.
First we evaluated the resistance of motions induced by our fingertips on the palatine bones. The resistance was quite high - it required a push of at least half an ounce (15 grams +/-) to move either palatine in a cephalad direction. Pressing on the eyeball did not cause any movement in an inferior direction. This wasn't surprising, considering there was no "life" in this body. (We questioned the concept of "life," however, when we noticed the dural membrane stretched at about five grams of traction, yet eemed to contract against us as we increased the traction.)
We then dissected the right eyeball and its surrounding fat pads, which were copious even though the cadaver was lean and muscular. The fat pads clearly occupied at least 40 to 50% of the volumetric space in the orbit. We exposed the superior aspect of the vertical pillar of the right palatine bone. We were careful not to disrupt the fascial lining of the orbit, so we couldn't be accused of liberating fascial restrictions attached to the intraorbital aspect of the palatine bone.
We proceeded to induce palatine bone motion, with one finger upon its orbital surface and another finger upon its horizontal contribution to the hard palate in the mouth. The vertical and transverse mobilities of the palatine bone were still quite restricted. That's when another therapist placed a finger in the mouth, contacting the internal aspect of the right zygoma. The zygoma was decompressed laterally. This technique broadened the floor of the orbit and dramatically freed the palatine bone so that its responses to even slight finger-induced motions were extremely smooth and easy.
I had been using this technique on my patients for some time, based on the theory that a stuck palatine bone might often result from abnormal medial compression of the zygoma. It seemed effective to move the zygoma laterally to release the bone. It was most gratifying to see and feel how well the technique worked from the inside. The principle is simply to widen the floor of the orbit using the zygoma as your "handle." As the floor widens transversely, the trapped palatine bone is released and can move vertically up or down. Usually it's caught in a cephalad (upward) position.
Having witnessed the amount of fat in this orbit and the small area the palatine bone contributes to the intraorbital surface, it would seem to take an inordinate amount of pressure upon the eyeball to significantly facilitate palatine motion in a caudad (downward) direction. I much prefer to use the zygoma bone as the recipient of my force. After all, the eyeball is a delicate and intricately designed bag of fluid with subcompartments that can be much more easily damaged than the zygomatic bone.
Even with my level of experience in dissection and treatment, I found this type of dissection both enlightening and confirming. Since then we have continued to conduct similar dissection classes on a regular basis through the Institute. These classes focus on fresh, unembalmed cadavers, highlighting functional explorations rather than static observations. After all, no matter what anyone teaches you, there's nothing like discovering it with your own hands.
Click here for previous articles by John Upledger, DO, OMM.
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