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The Chiropractor's Guide to CRISPR
Science magazine's "Breakthrough of the Year" award for 2015 was described as "the gene-editing tool called CRISPR." CRISPR stands for "clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats."
Treating the Terrain of Chronic Sinus Infections
Chronic sinus infections can be stubborn to treat, but the therapeutic path forward can be simplified when utilizing three distinct treatment principles which take into account the terrain of the body, and the way in which microbes grow.
What's Bugging You? Probiotics and Your Health
An estimated 100 trillion microorganisms representing more than 500 different species inhabit every normal, healthy bowel. Gut-dwelling bacteria keep pathogens in check, aid digestion and nutrient absorption, and contribute to immune function.
5 Ways to Enhance Your Family Practice
Every practice has a personality style. A practice that caters to athletes, PI cases or adults, for example, projects differently to patients than a family wellness practice.
Shedding Light on the Benefits of Heliotherapy
I can't imagine anyone not feeling good strolling in the sun on a beautiful spring day. The sun is responsible for all life on earth and is best illustrated along the equator touting the richest biodiversity on the planet, in stark contrast to the Arctic Circle and South Pole.
How to Correct a Cuboid Subluxation
Cuboid subluxation is a poorly recognized condition, even though it is not uncommon. It has been described in the literature under various names: cuboid subluxation, cuboid syndrome, locked cuboid, dropped cuboid, cuboid fault syndrome or peroneal cuboid syndrome.
Integrative Cardiology: The Heart of TCM & Western Medicine
Patient centered therapy is a growing trend in hospitals that are expanding to boutique services.
The Qi Focus: A Guide to Managing Stress
Stress, are you experiencing heightened stress levels? Your own, and your clients? Is Trumpitis getting to you? I recently polled a cluster of acupuncturists, Asian Bodywork Therapists (ABT) and psychotherapy colleagues on the issue.
The First (Only) Choice for Spinal Pain
The study on NSAIDs for spinal pain summarized on the front page of this issue is intriguing on a number of levels, the most obvious being the conclusion that "compared with placebo, NSAIDs do not provide a clinically important effect on spinal pain, and six patients must be treated with NSAIDs for one patient to achieve a clinically important benefit in the short-term."
Toxicity & Kids: The Importance of Environmental Intake
The old adage is true that children are not little adults. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has long known that the physiology of children is unique, as are the diseases that plague them.
Chiropractic: A Great Fit for the White House
Dr. Eric Kaplan is a New York Chiropractic College alumnus; a No. 1 best-selling author whose books include Awaken the Wellness Within and The 5 Minute Motivator; a chiropractor for professional sports teams and elite athletes; and even served as an advisor under the Clinton Administration to the President's Council on Sports & Physical Fitness.
Give Your Patients the Ergonomic Advantage
Prolonged sitting contributes to low back pain and is a health risk. When I discuss my POLITE technique practice recommendations with patients, ergonomics may be last, but not least!
Insomnia Treatment Based on the Yu Theory
In recent years, acupuncture has risen in popularity as a form of alternative or supplemental medicine for the treatment of many different types of disorders.
Treating LBP the Right Way: Think Natural
An updated clinical practice guideline from the American College of Physicians (ACP) recommends spinal manipulation and other non-invasive, non-drug therapies as first options for acute, subacute and chronic low back pain, rather than pain medications, as stipulated in the original 2007 guideline.
Good Works at the Canandaigua VA
Faculty and students of the Finger Lakes School of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (FLSAOM) of the New York Chiropractic College have provided acupuncture to veterans at the Veterans' Administration Medical Center (VAMC) in Canandaigua, New York since September of 2007.
Help Save an Important Chiropractic Landmark
The chiropractic profession has a splendid and varied history. Sadly, many landmarks have been lost to bulldozers and wrecking crews, such as the Ryan Building, Little-Bit-O-Heaven, Spears Chiropractic Hospital, and Clearview Sanitarium.
Scope of Chiropractic Practice: Why Now Is the Time to Expand
In my January article, "Scope of Chiropractic Practice: Is It Time for Change?" I discussed the use of the term primary spine care practitioner, the loss of privileges to diagnose in Texas, and the fact that the definition of "chiropractic" varied from state to state.
Waist Circumference: A Conversation Starter (Part 2)
Now let's discuss the clinical approach to reducing WC and implementation in today's chiropractic practice. The primary intervention centers around dietary modification and lifestyle habits aimed to reduce adiposity, improve insulin sensitivity and ultimately, diminish systemic metabolic dysfunction.
Making Sense of Liver Regulation
In Chinese medicine, the liver has the function of moving and storing qi and blood. In its moving function, the liver smoothly distributes qi and blood to the tendons, muscles and flesh through microcirculation.
News In Brief
A "Modern" Business Model. Acupuncturists may have a new professional atmosphere to consider, as a new concept is on the horizon - at least for one business.
NSAIDs No Better Than Placebo for Spine Pain
A meta-analysis of randomized, placebo-controlled trials comparing the efficacy and safety of NSAIDs with placebo for spinal pain concludes that among 6,065 spine pain patients, "NSAIDs reduced pain and disability, but provided clinically unimportant effects over placebo."
December, 2001, Vol. 01, Issue 12
By Barbra Esher, AOBTA CI. Dipl. ABT & Ac. (NCCAOM), LAc
Yin/yang theory can be understood and utilized on many different levels. I am sure that everyone reading this article has seen the yin/yang symbol: the black and white paisleys with a center of the opposite color, fitting together to create a circle.Some of you may even have seen a list of correlations: yang as male; light; day; action; and heat; yin as female; dark; night; rest; and cold. This type of information may be interesting, but taken out of context, it is not really useful to bodyworkers.
First mentioned in the I Ching, the Book of Changes (800 B.C.), yin and yang were based on observing natural phenomenon and applying it to the anatomy, physiology and pathology of the human body. Chinese sages observed the changing of the seasons and the cycles of people's lives, and noticed appropriate correlations. They saw the movement of day into night, then back, as yin and yang continuously transforming into one another. Yin and yang were conceived not only as opposing forces, but as complementary forces. They depend on each other, are contained in each other, and are continuously supported and consumed by each other.
Interdependence of Yin and Yang
Yin and yang are relative concepts: neither one can exist in isolation. A common question from beginning students is, "Is this yin?" and I have to say "In relationship to what? You can't have a 'jar' of yin" It may be yin in one instance, yang in another.
In the Tao Te Ching, Lao Tsu writes:
There has to be a reference point for defining anything as yin or yang.
I was in Manchester, England, visiting a friend one summer, and she kept on apologizing about the heat. She was fanning herself, saying, "Oh, it is so terrible that you had to arrive during such a horrible heat wave. It has been so hot! I can't believe this weather. I can't remember when it was so hot before." On and on she went. It was about 70 degrees. That was "hot" (yang) to her, as hot as it ever got. In Hawaii, when it drops to 70 degrees, it's just about time to get out the ski parka. That's cold (yin) for them -- winter weather. You need a point of reference. It's just not possible to have yin without yang.
Opposition of Yin and Yang
You may think, "Opposition, now that's the same as the Western concept of conflicting forces. That's easy to understand." Sorry, it's a bit different. It's the same in that we can use one to control the other, due to the yin/yang quality of opposition.
If someone has a condition that we determine is due to cold, we can use moxa over certain points to dispel the cold, because burning moxa is hot in comparison. That is referred to as the opposition of yin and yang. Hot/yang controls cold/yin and vice versa.
However, integral to the idea that yin and yang are opposite to one another is the fact that they are contained in one another. When you look at the symbol, it's the light circle in the dark side, and the dark circle in the light side that allows their conflicting aspect to remain in balance. Just as the moon is the yang within a yin dark night, the shadows are the yin within a bright yang day.
Some ask, "Am I yin because I am a woman?" Women and men are never completely yin or yang; there has to be a balance of both. Actually, when people are not in touch with both yin and yang aspects of themselves, and they use another person to create that balance, it is a potentially dangerous situation. What they create is just the black and white yin and yang paisleys, without the opposite circles inside keeping balance.
A study on domestic violence called "Love and Violence: Gender Paradoxes in Volatile Attachments" concluded that it is precisely when men and women conform to traditional gender roles most rigidly that abuse is likely to occur. From a yin and yang perspective, I find that fascinating. So within a couple that has exaggerated gender roles, there is no yin within yang or yang within yin.
Take for example, a traditional manly sort of person who always has to be strong and supportive and never shows emotion is coupled with a person who is totally submissive, weak and helpless. They are both sublimating their respective yin and yang sides, which is potentially dangerous, because it is the opposing aspects contained within each other that help maintain balance.
Yes, a woman's genitals are yin compared to a man's. They are moist, inside of her body, and in the dark, in contrast to a man's, which are dry, outside of his body and in the sunlight (sometimes?). There are certain qualities that women and men may have that can be contrasted as yin or yang aspects. But you will find that the healthier the person is, the more they have a good balance of both yin and yang! And you may find that helpful in considering your clients. You can see how bodywork can help them get in touch with their yin, more vulnerable side. Or vice-versa, bodywork can get your client in touch with their yang strengths.
Inter-consuming - Supporting Aspect of Yin and Yang
The functional yang of our body is dependent on the nutritional yin. The yin organs create and yin nutritional substances. They are able to do that only with the yang action of the yang organs. The yang organs on the other hand, need the nutritional substances from the yin organs to function. This is the core of Zang-Fu organ theory -the inter-consuming, supporting relationship of yinyang. Having a thorough understanding of this concept will help to fine-tune your bodywork sessions, making them much more effective. (However, that discussion is beyond the scope of this article.)
Another example of how yin and yang consume and support each other is the teacher/student relationship. A teacher is yang/active -- giving information; the students comparatively are more yin/passive -- receiving information. The students pay the school (which pays the teachers), with money, which in this instance, is a "nutritional substance." The teachers can then buy food so they have the yang/energy to keep teaching. The information that teachers gives the students then "supports" them: hopefully, they can use that information to go out and work, creating more money/ yin substances.
Transformation of Yin and Yang
Yin and yang continually transform naturally from one into the other, just as yin /Fall and Winter will transform into yang/ Spring and Summer. Day transforms into night, then night transforms into day, the darkest hour of night being right before the dawn. When you look at the yin/yang symbol, you see the largest part of the dark yin ball starting to flip over into the smallest part of the yang tail and then vice versa, as one changes into the other.
The transformation between yin and yang is a natural seamless process when we are in balance. But when we are tilted too heavily in one, we will flip over into the other, as extremes create their opposites. We can see it at times such as when someone drinks too much alcohol. They have a drink (yang) and they start to feel more yang - bubbly, warm and more outgoing. If they have a few more, they may start laughing and getting loud. If they keep on drinking, becoming more and more yang, at some point they are going to flip into a yin state. Maybe they will start crying about how their mother never loved them or maybe they will become even more yin, passing out cold! Regardless, they will feel quite yin the next morning, craving dark, quiet and possibly feeling rather depressed and miserable, swearing never to drink again! That's why the Chinese encourage moderation and balance.
It's also interesting that sometimes relatively yin people, (quiet, reserved, sensitive) will respond very well to yin treatment styles such as Jin Shin Do®. It seems to add more yin, which they are very receptive to, nudging them into a more yang/ energized state. Whereas outgoing, active and more armored/ yang people often respond well to styles of bodywork like Barefoot Shiatsu. Again adding more yang to them seems to flip them over into a more yin/relaxed state. This is of course a generalization, but is still an energetic phenomenon that is helpful to be aware of.
Infinite Divisibility of Yin and Yang
We can keep dividing yin and yang theoretically indefinitely. Our head is yang (closer to the Heavens) in relationship to our feet (closer to the Earth). But on our head, our nose is yang (bringing in air qi) in relationship to our mouth (bringing in food yinqi). And within our mouth, the front of the tongue is yang, representing the upper burner, while the back of the tongue is more yin, representing the lower burner. And on and on it goes.
Hopefully this discussion has enhanced your appreciation of the complexity of such a paradoxically simple, fundamental theory. Our primary goal as practitioners is to balance the yin and yang aspects of the body. How we do this is based on our awareness, training and connection of our own spirits with the ever-changing, constant ebb and flow of yin and yang within the universe.
Click here for previous articles by Barbra Esher, AOBTA CI. Dipl. ABT & Ac. (NCCAOM), LAc.
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