resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Medicine is Clumsy, Don't You Be
All medical systems have clumsiness in them. If the technique isn't, the practitioner is. Everyone in every form of medicine is striving to improve. That is why we call it practice.
A View From the ER
The University of Western States has inked an innovative agreement with local nonprofit health system Legacy Health whereby UWS sports-medicine fellows can experience observational clinical rotations in emergency-room settings within the Legacy system.
How Much Do You Know About the Benefits of Birds Nest?
Edible bird's nest is the nest made by the Swiftlet bird of Southeast Asia that is usually prepared as a soup and prized in Chinese culture as a healthful delicacy.
PCOM Granted Regional Accreditation
Pacific College of Oriental Medicine (PCOM) recently announce it has received regional accreditation from the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC). This achievement reflects five years of hard work on the part of faculty, staff, and students.
The Challenges of Integrating Eastern and Western Medicine
My Masters thesis was titled, "The Challenges of Integrating Eastern and Western Medicine," which highlighted several reasons why it is hard for these two worlds to mix.
Term Limits: What's in a Word?
It was the French historian and philosopher Voltaire who once declared the Holy Roman Empire was neither holy nor Roman nor an empire.
Turning a Blind Eye to History – and Reality
The American Medical Association is taking the Supreme Court's Feb. 25, 2015 decision exactly as it always does – by turning a blind eye to history, legal precedent and reality.
Functional Hip Impingement (Part 1)
Every time I sit down to write an article, I realize how much more there is to know about musculoskeletal pain. I also learn something new every time. (I want to give special thanks to Lucy Whyte Ferguson for assisting with this article.)
Sleep, Less Sleep or No Sleep?
I had a dream I wasn't getting enough sleep. It was a very realistic dream, even though I was probably slightly awake and not really deep dreaming. Most likely I had been dozing, caught in that twilight of sleep and wakefulness.
5 Simple Steps to Create an Effective Marketing Calendar
In the educational experience of most healthcare practitioners, business and marketing are overlooked topics.
Low Back Pain in Professional Golf: A Common Muscular Relationship
Every sport creates its own unique demands on the body. Some sports require such a myriad of body positions that assessing pathology is often difficult and unpredictable.
The Tide is Rising in the Acupuncture Profession
Former President Ronald Regan said, "When the tide rises all boats float." The tide is rising for the acupuncture profession. Many forces outside the profession are helping the tides to rise.
Integrating Art with Clinical Practice for Patients with PTSD: The Artemis Project
Are you restricted by those one-on-one clinic dynamics? Why not join colleagues and clients in experimental group settings? Three of us volunteered to do just that in Austin on behalf of women veteranss from all branches of the service.
The Acupuncturist's Problem
I want share with you some observations and insights into what seems to be the most common problem my colleagues in the acupuncture profession struggles with. If you also struggle with this problem, I hope you get a valuable "aha" moment from reading this.
Marijuana, Apathy and Chinese Medicine, Part 1
This article was written in response to the unheeded acceptance of marijuana as a harmless substance that potentially does good when used for the medical relief of pain.
Applying the Thin Skull Principle
The "thin skull" principle, also known as the "you take your victim as you find them" principle, is a legal principle that can be summed up by the following statement.
A House Divided?
The American Chiropractic Association's House of Delegates voted on 30 resolutions at its annual business meeting in Washington D.C., but two in particular took immediate center stage due to their controversial nature.
Optimism = Compassion = Trust
A randomized clinical trial recently published online in JAMA Oncology examined how patients viewed their doctor based upon how the practitioner presented bad news to the patient.
Animal Acupuncture: A Case Study in the Treatment of Traumatic Injury in the Equine
The rise of animal acupuncture in the U.S. began in the early 1970's as a result of the work by members of the National Acupuncture Association in Westwood, Calif.
Talking to Patients About Lumbar Facet Denervation (Medial Branch Neurotomy)
Lumbar facet denervation, more appropriately termed medial branch neurotomy (MBN), is a procedure that may be considered when patients suffer from recalcitrant non-radicular axial back and/or leg pain.
October, 2001, Vol. 01, Issue 10
Unraveling the Lower Back Pain Puzzle
By Barbra Esher, AOBTA CI. Dipl. ABT & Ac. (NCCAOM), LAc
If you've practiced bodywork for more than a day, you've probably encountered a client with lower back pain! It is the single most common complaint from people who walk into my office, no doubt for you as well.Helping patients with lower back pain can greatly increase your skill in accurately assessing this condition, according to Chinese medical theories.
In Chinese medicine, there is never a direct correlation to Western assessment. For back pain or any other ailment, there isn't a silver bullet/magic acupressure point that will fix the problem. As I mentioned in previous articles, if someone has depression, you have to look at the Five Element correlation to effectively treat it. To treat a headache, we have to know where it is located to select meridians that will bring relief, based on the Six Divisions theory.
So, are there different elements that relate to the various types of back pain, or different types of back pain based on location? Nope, sorry! Knowledge of the Five Elements and Six Divisions will help you in treating lower back pain, but they are not the key. The Four Examinations and Eight Principles will give you the clues you need to solve your client's back pain puzzle once and for all. (To confirm your suspicion, just about all Chinese medical paradigms begin with a number, and there are a lot of them!)
The Four Examinations start with listening, as you get an idea of their condition based on the client's voice on the phone. Next is observing ,as you note posture and affect as the client walks in the door and you look at the tongue, face and any abnormalities along the meridian pathways. By now, you are asking questions and touching the client's pulses and meridians. The fun part is taking all of that information and making sense of it all.
Sorting it out is where the Eight Principles come in. Is the client's condition acute or chronic, superficial or deep, hot or cold, excess or deficient? Let's look at the main individual types of back pain to figure it all out.
This type of back pain is chronic, deep, usually cold and of course, deficient. We know that if the client has had the problem for a long time, there is definitely something depleted. Chronic conditions have moved deep into the body, and the pain has a more diffuse, dull nature. The pain is worse at the end of the day when the person is tired; back pain will take the form of a dull ache, rather than a sharp pain. Sexual activity will aggravate it. Kidney energy is something that gradually decreases with age; but too much sex, overwork, stress, drugs and alcohol will deplete it faster.
You will notice general Kidney symptoms, such as a pale face and tongue, frequent urination and fatigue. In addition, if it is a Kidney Yang Deficiency, there will be cold symptoms such as cold feet, and there will be some relief from the pain with the application of heat. If there are general Kidney deficiency symptoms plus a thin and rapid pulse, a red tongue with no coating and a vague, low-level anxiety, there is probably a Kidney Yin deficiency.
This is the type of back pain that gets worse when it is cold and rainy outside. You'll find that heat gives considerable relief. With dampness, there is a heavy feeling. It is excess in that it is caused by a pathogenic factor; you may be able to trace onset of the pain to a specific event, such as the client sitting in front of an air conditioner while covered with sweat. For example, I had one client that said his back pain started from when he was at his son's soccer game, sitting in the cold rain.
Stagnation of Qi and Blood
This is the type of back pain that improves with light exercise. You will find clients who say that when they get up in the morning, their back is sore, but after they move around and stretch for a bit, it feels better. This is a clear indication that there is stagnation blocking the free flow of Qi, causing pain. They usually have a history of a traumatic injury which never was treated properly, so it keeps reoccurring.
You may find that with the latter two excess types of back pain, there is an underlying Kidney Deficiency. Since the Kidneys rule the lower back area, there is an initial weakness that exposed them to injury, or that let in an external pathogenic factor, such as cold-damp. Even if the client didn't start off with much of a Kidney Deficiency, one will be created by long-term problems in the lower back. In any lower back pain treatment, make sure to include techniques that will tonify the Kidneys. Hold the Kidney shu points bilaterally with a tiger's mouth (thumb and index finger apart, like they are chomping the points) as you work up the Kidney meridian with your other hand, starting on the sole of the foot. Use deep, penetrating pressure, but not to the point that it is at all painful. You are trying to encourage qi into that area and sharp pain will make it want to go away. You can think of it like you are attempting to entice a reluctant cat: "Good qi, come on qi, here you go qi..." Use any technique that is going to have that vibe to it. Also, hold the area that is painful and work down the Bladder meridian.
If you are trained in using moxa, that is really one of the best techniques that you can do to add qi to an area. Make sure of course that the client is not showing any Heat symptoms such as a rapid pulse, red tongue/ face, feeling warm or inflammation. Choose points such as the Kidney shu, mu and ashiqi. Think of that little kitty that just likes gentle chin scratches. (Editor's note: For a more detailed explanation of shu and mu points and ashi points (painful points that make that make the client say, "Ah-sh...!") You want to use tonifying circles clockwise with a moxa pole in your right hand as you place the point between a V made by your index and third finger. When you feel your fingers getting warm, you know the point is also warm. You don't want the feeling to be painful to your client, as it will disperse, please read Barbra's columns from the July and September issues of Massage Today.
If the client has either of the later two excess types of back pain, you will need to use techniques that disperse the cold-damp or move the qi and Blood stagnation. For cold-damp, fire cupping is great to use with a TDP lamp. This is a pretty dramatic technique as you take a flaming meatball looking thing on a stick, insert it into a glass cup to take out the air, and quickly place a cup each over Du4 and the ashi/ painful points. This creates a suction and pulls apart the meridians (and fascia), allowing the pathogenic factors to be released. A TDP lamp is specifically designed to warm yang and expel cold. It can be placed over the area for the 10 minutes that you are using the cups. (Note: Do not try either of these techniques without training, as there is as much potential for causing harm as good!)
Another technique that you'll want to learn is gua sha. This is what I use if there is any qi and/or Blood stagnation; I follow this technique with stretching. Put an ointment on the area, such as Tiger Balm or Vicks Vapor Rub, depending on whether the client has cold or heat symptoms. Scrape it with a Chinese soupspoon or a smooth jar lid, just to the point where your client starts to feel uncomfortable. There is quite a contrast to how it feels and how it looks. It has a wonderful opening, freeing effect on the area that had stagnation, although it looks as if you have dragged your client along the road. You can see why caution is advisable!
You may be starting to see how your initial assessment is going to affect how you treat your client. You always will be successful treating points local to the problem, and distal on the affected meridian, but to affect long-term changes, you need to find and treat the underlying pattern of disharmony that is the cause of the problem.
Click here for previous articles by Barbra Esher, AOBTA CI. Dipl. ABT & Ac. (NCCAOM), LAc.
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