resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
A Conversation With Dr. Betty Edmond
This month's column is an exclusive interview with Betty Edmond MD, newly elected CEO/President of the AOMA Graduate School of Integrative Medicine in Austin, Texas.
Qigong for Substance Abuse
It is commonly believed that substance abuse, in addition to harming one’s physiological state, hurts the spirit. There is also a belief that one’s spirit does not weaken due to substance abuse, but rather, the person finds solace in addiction due to an already weak spirit.
Low Back Pain in Running Athletes
After 7 million years of adapting to upright postures, the lumbar spine and pelvis have become remarkably adept at managing ground-reactive forces associated with running.
We Get Letters & Email
Our Country Needs Us Between Elections, Too; Continuing Care: We Aren't There Yet; Our Associations Need to Do More.
An Opportunity & a Responsibility
Nearly 80 Americans die from an opioid-related overdose every day, and spine-related pain is one of the principle drivers of opioid use. This unfortunate situation creates both an opportunity and a responsibility.
True Practice Mobility for the Chiropractic Profession
When natural disasters occur, chiropractors can literally travel to the other side of the world to offer humanitarian relief in less than a day. The chiropractor's license to legally practice, however, can't make it past the state line.
News in Brief
Updated Neck Pain & Whiplash Guideline; Attention, IHS DCs; New VP of Institutional Advancement At Palmer; N.J. DC Interns At U.S. Olympic Training Center; Chiropractic Society Of R.I. On The Front Lines.
Prepare for the End, From the Beginning: Wealth Building and Retirement with the Tao
Yin and yang flow into and out from one another continually. Beginnings become endings and endings become beginnings again. Wholeness and cycles are the nature of Tao.
Five Branches University Has First Hospital TCM Residency
Established in 1984, Five Branches University (FBU) has campuses in Santa Cruz and San Jose, Calif., which serve the communities of Santa Cruz, the Monterey Bay, and Silicon Valley.
Anti-Aging With Dr. Ping Zhang
Jennifer Waters, TCM practitioner and writer of the Acupuncture Today column, "Talking With the Masters" sat down with Dr. Ping Zhang to discuss aniti-aging with acupuncture.
Shoulder Rehab: Start With the Scapula
The scapula is an incredible display of elegance and movement within the biomechanics of human motion. It's evolved for mobility and stability in the scapulo-thoracic region, giving us the ability to do things that are uniquely human, such as throwing with accuracy.
Scar Reduction With Acupuncture & Microneedling (Part 2)
Protocols & treatment Timing
Flirting With Alternative Therapies
There are about as many adjunct therapies being marketed to acupuncturists as there are acupuncturists. While some may remain purist in their application of traditional Chinese medicine, others choose to explore new horizons of treatment.
The Acupuncture Channel System (Part 1)
The earliest Chinese reference to channels is in the Mawangdui Medical Manuscripts,1 which are dated to the Warring States period of the Zhou Dynasty (475 BC-221 AD). The text presents 11 channels. There are no acupuncture points listed in those channels.
The Case Report: A Valuable Tool
Case reports are a valuable form of descriptive research. The most basic form of practice-based research, a case report is a detailed account of the history, presenting symptoms, assessment, observations, treatment and follow-up of an individual patient, discussed in the context of prior and potential future research.
Another Step Forward for Chiropractic
Chiropractic is now available to 86,000-plus Latter-Day Saints missionaries and you are invited to become a provider. LDS membership in not required; our only concern is that our missionaries get the best quality care available.
Crow Like the Rooster
As we welcome in the Year of the Rooster, we look at some of its major characteristics: confidence and communication, which suits the image we have of the Rooster...strutting in the farmyard, crowing to the others that it's time to wake up.
Let's Clear Up the Collection Confusion
This is an often-misunderstood practice swirling with misinformation. First, a few basics: Insurance is a contract between the patient and the insurance company. The insurance company is simply making a payment for services or care on behalf of the patient.
A New Year and Vision for the ACA
Inadequate pain management coupled with the epidemic of prescription opioid overuse and abuse has taken a severe toll on the lives of millions of people in the United States. Every day, more than 1,000 people are treated in the ER for misusing prescription opioids.
The winter season is upon us and offers unique challenges for the clinician and patient alike. To effectively navigate through the winter season there are two main TCM medicinals, Huang Qi and Gan Jiang, to consider, as well as two important formulas which feature these two TCM treasures.
An Education in Gluten Sensitivity
A relatively new syndrome officially documented as non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) or gluten sensitivity (GS) was officially recognized and published in the new list of gluten-related disorders in 2012.
Nutrition for Menopause: Front-Line Therapy for All Phases
Of all the changes women experience during their reproductive life, there is no doubt the most dreaded are the three phases of menopause. This is not surprising since all of the symptoms associated with menopause are replete with unpleasantness.
October, 2001, Vol. 01, Issue 10
Unraveling the Lower Back Pain Puzzle
By Barbra Esher, AOBTA CI. Dipl. ABT & Ac. (NCCAOM), LAc
If you've practiced bodywork for more than a day, you've probably encountered a client with lower back pain! It is the single most common complaint from people who walk into my office, no doubt for you as well.Helping patients with lower back pain can greatly increase your skill in accurately assessing this condition, according to Chinese medical theories.
In Chinese medicine, there is never a direct correlation to Western assessment. For back pain or any other ailment, there isn't a silver bullet/magic acupressure point that will fix the problem. As I mentioned in previous articles, if someone has depression, you have to look at the Five Element correlation to effectively treat it. To treat a headache, we have to know where it is located to select meridians that will bring relief, based on the Six Divisions theory.
So, are there different elements that relate to the various types of back pain, or different types of back pain based on location? Nope, sorry! Knowledge of the Five Elements and Six Divisions will help you in treating lower back pain, but they are not the key. The Four Examinations and Eight Principles will give you the clues you need to solve your client's back pain puzzle once and for all. (To confirm your suspicion, just about all Chinese medical paradigms begin with a number, and there are a lot of them!)
The Four Examinations start with listening, as you get an idea of their condition based on the client's voice on the phone. Next is observing ,as you note posture and affect as the client walks in the door and you look at the tongue, face and any abnormalities along the meridian pathways. By now, you are asking questions and touching the client's pulses and meridians. The fun part is taking all of that information and making sense of it all.
Sorting it out is where the Eight Principles come in. Is the client's condition acute or chronic, superficial or deep, hot or cold, excess or deficient? Let's look at the main individual types of back pain to figure it all out.
This type of back pain is chronic, deep, usually cold and of course, deficient. We know that if the client has had the problem for a long time, there is definitely something depleted. Chronic conditions have moved deep into the body, and the pain has a more diffuse, dull nature. The pain is worse at the end of the day when the person is tired; back pain will take the form of a dull ache, rather than a sharp pain. Sexual activity will aggravate it. Kidney energy is something that gradually decreases with age; but too much sex, overwork, stress, drugs and alcohol will deplete it faster.
You will notice general Kidney symptoms, such as a pale face and tongue, frequent urination and fatigue. In addition, if it is a Kidney Yang Deficiency, there will be cold symptoms such as cold feet, and there will be some relief from the pain with the application of heat. If there are general Kidney deficiency symptoms plus a thin and rapid pulse, a red tongue with no coating and a vague, low-level anxiety, there is probably a Kidney Yin deficiency.
This is the type of back pain that gets worse when it is cold and rainy outside. You'll find that heat gives considerable relief. With dampness, there is a heavy feeling. It is excess in that it is caused by a pathogenic factor; you may be able to trace onset of the pain to a specific event, such as the client sitting in front of an air conditioner while covered with sweat. For example, I had one client that said his back pain started from when he was at his son's soccer game, sitting in the cold rain.
Stagnation of Qi and Blood
This is the type of back pain that improves with light exercise. You will find clients who say that when they get up in the morning, their back is sore, but after they move around and stretch for a bit, it feels better. This is a clear indication that there is stagnation blocking the free flow of Qi, causing pain. They usually have a history of a traumatic injury which never was treated properly, so it keeps reoccurring.
You may find that with the latter two excess types of back pain, there is an underlying Kidney Deficiency. Since the Kidneys rule the lower back area, there is an initial weakness that exposed them to injury, or that let in an external pathogenic factor, such as cold-damp. Even if the client didn't start off with much of a Kidney Deficiency, one will be created by long-term problems in the lower back. In any lower back pain treatment, make sure to include techniques that will tonify the Kidneys. Hold the Kidney shu points bilaterally with a tiger's mouth (thumb and index finger apart, like they are chomping the points) as you work up the Kidney meridian with your other hand, starting on the sole of the foot. Use deep, penetrating pressure, but not to the point that it is at all painful. You are trying to encourage qi into that area and sharp pain will make it want to go away. You can think of it like you are attempting to entice a reluctant cat: "Good qi, come on qi, here you go qi..." Use any technique that is going to have that vibe to it. Also, hold the area that is painful and work down the Bladder meridian.
If you are trained in using moxa, that is really one of the best techniques that you can do to add qi to an area. Make sure of course that the client is not showing any Heat symptoms such as a rapid pulse, red tongue/ face, feeling warm or inflammation. Choose points such as the Kidney shu, mu and ashiqi. Think of that little kitty that just likes gentle chin scratches. (Editor's note: For a more detailed explanation of shu and mu points and ashi points (painful points that make that make the client say, "Ah-sh...!") You want to use tonifying circles clockwise with a moxa pole in your right hand as you place the point between a V made by your index and third finger. When you feel your fingers getting warm, you know the point is also warm. You don't want the feeling to be painful to your client, as it will disperse, please read Barbra's columns from the July and September issues of Massage Today.
If the client has either of the later two excess types of back pain, you will need to use techniques that disperse the cold-damp or move the qi and Blood stagnation. For cold-damp, fire cupping is great to use with a TDP lamp. This is a pretty dramatic technique as you take a flaming meatball looking thing on a stick, insert it into a glass cup to take out the air, and quickly place a cup each over Du4 and the ashi/ painful points. This creates a suction and pulls apart the meridians (and fascia), allowing the pathogenic factors to be released. A TDP lamp is specifically designed to warm yang and expel cold. It can be placed over the area for the 10 minutes that you are using the cups. (Note: Do not try either of these techniques without training, as there is as much potential for causing harm as good!)
Another technique that you'll want to learn is gua sha. This is what I use if there is any qi and/or Blood stagnation; I follow this technique with stretching. Put an ointment on the area, such as Tiger Balm or Vicks Vapor Rub, depending on whether the client has cold or heat symptoms. Scrape it with a Chinese soupspoon or a smooth jar lid, just to the point where your client starts to feel uncomfortable. There is quite a contrast to how it feels and how it looks. It has a wonderful opening, freeing effect on the area that had stagnation, although it looks as if you have dragged your client along the road. You can see why caution is advisable!
You may be starting to see how your initial assessment is going to affect how you treat your client. You always will be successful treating points local to the problem, and distal on the affected meridian, but to affect long-term changes, you need to find and treat the underlying pattern of disharmony that is the cause of the problem.
Click here for previous articles by Barbra Esher, AOBTA CI. Dipl. ABT & Ac. (NCCAOM), LAc.
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