resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Breath: The Movement of Oxygen and Energy
I remember with surprising clarity the first time a patient started crying during an acupuncture treatment I was giving. This is now quite a long time ago, back in 1999, when I was a student.
Acupuncture in the U.K. Today: A Personal View
When asked to write a short piece on the current state of the U.K. acupuncture profession, my first response was to say it has all been relatively quiet.
A Poor Choice for Pain Relief
Acetaminophen is the most popular pain reliever in the U.S., accounting for an estimated 27 billion annual doses as of 2009. With 100,000-plus hospital visits a year by users, it's also the most likely to be taken inappropriately.
ACA or ICA: Which Best Represents You?
Last June, I was honored to represent Texas ICA members as their representative assemblyman at the ICA Annual Meeting in Kansas City.
The Year to Make Things Happen
It is hard to believe that the Year of the Ram – 2015 is half over. Time seems to be moving especially fast. This is the year for things to happen for the acupuncture profession.
Leg-Length Inequality and Pelvic Fixation: A New Approach to the Negative Derifield (Part 2)
As we noted in our previous article, with a positive Derifield (+D), the doctor observes the reactive (shorter) leg in the prone position that becomes longer or "crosses over" in the flexed position.
Giving Vets the Care They Deserve
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) administers the largest integrated health care system in the United States.
The Source-Luo Point Combination
The luo collaterals are part of the acupuncture channel system presented in the Su Wen and the Ling Shu (The Nei Jing). The function and clinical application of the luo mai are primarily presented in chapter 10 of the Ling Shu, however, they are also found in others chapters in the Su Wen and the Ling Shu.
The Nectar of Plants: Essential Oils and Chinese Medicine
Essential oils are a very hot topic these days, especially with the likes of the Ebola virus and the resurgence of measles lurking in our awareness, but when I first became interested in Chinese medicine, essential oils weren't on the radar screen for acupuncturists.
Professional Credentialing and Board Certification: An Ethical Faux Pas
Because of the Affordable Care Act, health care systems are coordinating care through accountable care organizations (ACOs) in order to reduce the cost of care and improve quality of care.
Our Biggest Challenges to Compete in Wellness Care
In the first article in this four-article series [May 1 DC], I made the case that chiropractors should either embrace offering lifestyle wellness in their practices or face the possibility of losing their place in the wellness care marketplace.
Use Technology to Gain New Patients and Improve Efficiency
From the smartphone in your pocket to your microwave oven, advancements in technology have made almost every aspect of our lives easier.
Green Tea Improves Cognitive Function in Elderly Subjects
Publishing their results in the journal Nutrients, in May 2014, researchers showed that drinking the equivalent of 2 to 4 cups of brewed green tea (or bottled tea) daily improved cognitive function or reduced the progression of cognitive dysfunction in elderly subjects.
Acupuncture and the Pulse
In 1991, I attended a martial arts workshop hosted coincidentally by Sung Baek, a martial artist and the head of his lineage as a Korean trained acupuncturist. I was enamored by the details Sung could attain from the pulse, as told to me by some of his apprentices.
Green Tea Improves Cognitive Function in Elderly Subjects
Publishing their results in the journal Nutrients in May 2014, researchers showed that drinking the equivalent of 2-4 cups of brewed green tea (or bottled tea) daily improved cognitive function or reduced the progression of cognitive dysfunction in elderly subjects.
TMF 2015 Scholarships
The Trudy McAlister Foundation (TMF), a nonprofit organization established to support students who are on track to make contributions either to clinical practice and/or to the understanding of the role of Traditional Oriental Medicine, has announced the 2015 scholarship recipients.
What Does Success Mean to You?
Recently, I was asked to speak to young, budding businesswomen about running a successful business — and at first I thought, "Me? You want me to speak to others about success?!"
First Do No Harm?
There's no questioning the frightening nature of breast cancer, which strikes one in eight women in the U.S. – eclipsed only by skin cancer in terms of prevalence.
We Get Letters & Email
A House Divided? (May 1 issue) provoked significant response from readers. Here are several of the surprisingly similar comments we received.
Spieth Thanks His Chiropractor After Historic Masters Win
Jordan Spieth didn't just capture the hearts of golf enthusiasts worldwide with his record-setting, wire-to-wire victory at the 79th Masters Tournament.
Marijuana, Apathy and Chinese Medicine, Part 2
A talented young woman presented herself with emotional mood swings, which included being nervous, anxious and jittery.
The Modern Acupuncturist
You studied ancient Chinese medicine, but I'll bet you don't practice it! Contrary to popular belief, our medicine has evolved A LOT over the years. Let's take a brief walk through history and discover the differences between ancient and modern acupuncturists.
Reducing the Autogenic Inhibition Reflex: Making Weak Muscles Strong
The autogenic inhibition (AI) reflex is a sudden relaxation of a muscle in response to excess tension.
Rethinking Musculoskeletal Pain – A Public Health Perspective
The American Public Health Association (APHA) is the world's oldest and largest association of its kind, founded more than 140 years ago and boasting over 25,000 members.
Calculating Billable Units
I recently learned of an office that was audited based on the number of acupuncture sessions performed in one day. Is there a maximum number of sessions that can be performed in one day?
October, 2001, Vol. 01, Issue 10
Unraveling the Lower Back Pain Puzzle
By Barbra Esher, AOBTA CI. Dipl. ABT & Ac. (NCCAOM), LAc
If you've practiced bodywork for more than a day, you've probably encountered a client with lower back pain! It is the single most common complaint from people who walk into my office, no doubt for you as well.Helping patients with lower back pain can greatly increase your skill in accurately assessing this condition, according to Chinese medical theories.
In Chinese medicine, there is never a direct correlation to Western assessment. For back pain or any other ailment, there isn't a silver bullet/magic acupressure point that will fix the problem. As I mentioned in previous articles, if someone has depression, you have to look at the Five Element correlation to effectively treat it. To treat a headache, we have to know where it is located to select meridians that will bring relief, based on the Six Divisions theory.
So, are there different elements that relate to the various types of back pain, or different types of back pain based on location? Nope, sorry! Knowledge of the Five Elements and Six Divisions will help you in treating lower back pain, but they are not the key. The Four Examinations and Eight Principles will give you the clues you need to solve your client's back pain puzzle once and for all. (To confirm your suspicion, just about all Chinese medical paradigms begin with a number, and there are a lot of them!)
The Four Examinations start with listening, as you get an idea of their condition based on the client's voice on the phone. Next is observing ,as you note posture and affect as the client walks in the door and you look at the tongue, face and any abnormalities along the meridian pathways. By now, you are asking questions and touching the client's pulses and meridians. The fun part is taking all of that information and making sense of it all.
Sorting it out is where the Eight Principles come in. Is the client's condition acute or chronic, superficial or deep, hot or cold, excess or deficient? Let's look at the main individual types of back pain to figure it all out.
This type of back pain is chronic, deep, usually cold and of course, deficient. We know that if the client has had the problem for a long time, there is definitely something depleted. Chronic conditions have moved deep into the body, and the pain has a more diffuse, dull nature. The pain is worse at the end of the day when the person is tired; back pain will take the form of a dull ache, rather than a sharp pain. Sexual activity will aggravate it. Kidney energy is something that gradually decreases with age; but too much sex, overwork, stress, drugs and alcohol will deplete it faster.
You will notice general Kidney symptoms, such as a pale face and tongue, frequent urination and fatigue. In addition, if it is a Kidney Yang Deficiency, there will be cold symptoms such as cold feet, and there will be some relief from the pain with the application of heat. If there are general Kidney deficiency symptoms plus a thin and rapid pulse, a red tongue with no coating and a vague, low-level anxiety, there is probably a Kidney Yin deficiency.
This is the type of back pain that gets worse when it is cold and rainy outside. You'll find that heat gives considerable relief. With dampness, there is a heavy feeling. It is excess in that it is caused by a pathogenic factor; you may be able to trace onset of the pain to a specific event, such as the client sitting in front of an air conditioner while covered with sweat. For example, I had one client that said his back pain started from when he was at his son's soccer game, sitting in the cold rain.
Stagnation of Qi and Blood
This is the type of back pain that improves with light exercise. You will find clients who say that when they get up in the morning, their back is sore, but after they move around and stretch for a bit, it feels better. This is a clear indication that there is stagnation blocking the free flow of Qi, causing pain. They usually have a history of a traumatic injury which never was treated properly, so it keeps reoccurring.
You may find that with the latter two excess types of back pain, there is an underlying Kidney Deficiency. Since the Kidneys rule the lower back area, there is an initial weakness that exposed them to injury, or that let in an external pathogenic factor, such as cold-damp. Even if the client didn't start off with much of a Kidney Deficiency, one will be created by long-term problems in the lower back. In any lower back pain treatment, make sure to include techniques that will tonify the Kidneys. Hold the Kidney shu points bilaterally with a tiger's mouth (thumb and index finger apart, like they are chomping the points) as you work up the Kidney meridian with your other hand, starting on the sole of the foot. Use deep, penetrating pressure, but not to the point that it is at all painful. You are trying to encourage qi into that area and sharp pain will make it want to go away. You can think of it like you are attempting to entice a reluctant cat: "Good qi, come on qi, here you go qi..." Use any technique that is going to have that vibe to it. Also, hold the area that is painful and work down the Bladder meridian.
If you are trained in using moxa, that is really one of the best techniques that you can do to add qi to an area. Make sure of course that the client is not showing any Heat symptoms such as a rapid pulse, red tongue/ face, feeling warm or inflammation. Choose points such as the Kidney shu, mu and ashiqi. Think of that little kitty that just likes gentle chin scratches. (Editor's note: For a more detailed explanation of shu and mu points and ashi points (painful points that make that make the client say, "Ah-sh...!") You want to use tonifying circles clockwise with a moxa pole in your right hand as you place the point between a V made by your index and third finger. When you feel your fingers getting warm, you know the point is also warm. You don't want the feeling to be painful to your client, as it will disperse, please read Barbra's columns from the July and September issues of Massage Today.
If the client has either of the later two excess types of back pain, you will need to use techniques that disperse the cold-damp or move the qi and Blood stagnation. For cold-damp, fire cupping is great to use with a TDP lamp. This is a pretty dramatic technique as you take a flaming meatball looking thing on a stick, insert it into a glass cup to take out the air, and quickly place a cup each over Du4 and the ashi/ painful points. This creates a suction and pulls apart the meridians (and fascia), allowing the pathogenic factors to be released. A TDP lamp is specifically designed to warm yang and expel cold. It can be placed over the area for the 10 minutes that you are using the cups. (Note: Do not try either of these techniques without training, as there is as much potential for causing harm as good!)
Another technique that you'll want to learn is gua sha. This is what I use if there is any qi and/or Blood stagnation; I follow this technique with stretching. Put an ointment on the area, such as Tiger Balm or Vicks Vapor Rub, depending on whether the client has cold or heat symptoms. Scrape it with a Chinese soupspoon or a smooth jar lid, just to the point where your client starts to feel uncomfortable. There is quite a contrast to how it feels and how it looks. It has a wonderful opening, freeing effect on the area that had stagnation, although it looks as if you have dragged your client along the road. You can see why caution is advisable!
You may be starting to see how your initial assessment is going to affect how you treat your client. You always will be successful treating points local to the problem, and distal on the affected meridian, but to affect long-term changes, you need to find and treat the underlying pattern of disharmony that is the cause of the problem.
Click here for previous articles by Barbra Esher, AOBTA CI. Dipl. ABT & Ac. (NCCAOM), LAc.
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