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The Spirit of the Point
After receiving a large amount of positive feedback on my San Zhen Protocols series, I have decided to focus this article on some relevant clinical aspects of acupuncture therapy prior to moving on to San Zhen Protocols III.
Decompression-Traction: A Core Treatment Method in Chiropractic's Future
We're all competing for new patients. We're competing for new patients with physical therapists, massage therapists, medical specialists and hospital fitness centers. We're even competing with side-effect-ridden medications that quit working every four hours.
Take Care of Your Skin: Tips to Pass on to Your Patients
Many of our patients are not aware that the largest organ in the human body is actually the skin. Accounting for 16 percent of total body weight and covering up to 22 square feet of surface area, the skin is more than just a "covering," as originally thought.
A Glimpse Into China's Top Brain Hospital
The sounds of the city pass through the open window are overwhelming the microphone - car horns, construction machinery - and then there's the family at the adjacent bed talking loudly on cell phones, yet you can still hear the faint beep of our patients monitoring equipment.
Watch Out for Red Herrings
In clinical practice, when one condition mimics another, it makes it difficult to obtain an accurate and timely diagnosis.
History of Animal Acupuncture: Part II
In Part I of this article, I had gone back to 1969 and tried to describe the atmosphere and events of that year that engulfed many of the younger generation, some who were all the core members of the National Acupuncture Association.
News in Brief
Oregon Gov. John Kitzhaber (a medical doctor, no less) proclaimed October 2014 "Oregon Chiropractic Health and Wellness Month" in an official proclamation signed Aug. 25, 2014.
The Science Behind Happiness
Are you happy right now? Whether yes or no, there are a myriad of reasons why you feel that way. A whole academic discipline has developed to find out what causes or obstructs happiness, and how to amplify it.
A Healthy Dose of Failure is Vital to Your Success
As an acupuncturist I tend to see people after they have already suffered for years and "tried everything." They are so desperate for some relief that they want to know everything about how to get better, right now.
MPA Media Wins Seven Publishing Awards
MPA Media, publisher of Acupuncture Today, among other titles, has been recognized for editorial and design excellence with an unprecendented seven publishing awards by the ASBPE, the nation's largest organization for business-to-business publications.
From the Other Side of the Table
People come to us to gain freedom from pain, to feel better, to live better. As D.D. Palmer stated, "We Chiropractors work with the subtle substance of the soul." Therein also lies the rub.
Your Patients' Best Health Resource
There is nothing as powerful as information. The right information has won wars, saved lives and changed hearts; lack of information has led to hesitation, poor decisions and unintended consequences.
Building the DC-MD Bridge
From MDs practicing integrative holistic medicine to the family internist, many DCs are enjoying unprecedented attention from their allopathic colleagues.
How to Find Your Ideal Patient – and Help Your Ideal Patient Find You
Just imagine: You're at the front desk looking at the scheduler and a smile creeps across your face. Row after row, name after name, hour after hour; you're blessed with an entire day of ideal patients. Every day should be like this, you whisper. Exactly!
The Life & Legacy of James Sigafoose, DC (1933-2014)
Surrounded by his family and closest friends, Dr. James M. Sigafoose passed away quietly on Thursday, July 3, 2014. With his wife of 60 years, Patsy, along with his children, Tina, Daun, Kieth, Selina and Carey – all chiropractors – at his side.
Thoughts to Live By
When speaking to your patients about their health make sure to ponder the following points and have them assess if they are making themselves even more sick by the thoughts they have about life. Are these some of the traits and thoughts that your patients might have?
Ringing in a Fiscal New Year With a Recommitment to Cost-Effectiveness
Back when the Foundation for Chiropractic Education and Research was in its heyday, I used to send out New Year's greetings and virtual noisemakers to some close friends on July 1 – the beginning of our new fiscal year – wishing for prosperity in the year ahead.
Healing Community Trauma in Israel and Palestine
It's the beginning of August and Israel and Hamas have just agreed to a 72-hour ceasefire after a month of brutal fighting. In the last four weeks, 1,830 Palestinians and 67 Israelis have been killed.
The Truth About Herbs
I appreciate the effort and research put into the article written in the June issue of Acupuncture Today regarding pesticides and Chinese herbs.
When Big Pharma Meets Chinese Medicine
Earlier this year, Bayer made a media splash with their decision to buy the Dihon Pharmaceutical Group Co., a Chinese TCM manufacturer.
Get Ready For AOM Day
This year, AOM Day 2014 falls on Friday, (October 24th). This is a great opportunity to make your AOM Day celebration or event even bigger by extending it throughout the weekend!
Don't Forget About the Performers
Donald Petersen Jr.'s recent article, "Your Chance to Go Back to High School" [May 1, 2014 DC], focused on the injuries incurred by high-school athletes and the subsequent opportunities for the chiropractic profession.
May, 2001, Vol. 01, Issue 05
Nerve Compression and Tension
By Whitney Lowe, LMT
The nervous system is a fascinating communication network. When functioning properly, it can coordinate a tremendous amount of essential information moving throughout the body.When it is impaired, it can cause us excruciating pain or even complete limitations to movement. Because we work so closely with the soft tissues of the body, it is valuable for the massage therapist to understand more about various nervous system pathologies.
The nervous system is a complex network for the transmission of information going in two different directions. We have sensory (afferent) signals moving from the periphery of the body back to the central nervous system and motor (efferent) signals moving from the central nervous system to the periphery. Both types of signals are transmitted along the same nerve tissue. Therefore, if there is an impairment of nerve function, it is likely to affect both sensory and motor signals.
During the course of normal daily function, the structures of the nervous system are exposed to a variety of different forces. The two forces that cause problems most frequently in the nervous system are compression and tension. When something causes a problem with the proper function of nerve tissue, it is called a neuropathy. Therefore, when speaking of nerve compression and tension injuries, we call them compression or tension neuropathies.
Compression neuropathies are the most common type of nerve injuries. There may be various causes of compression neuropathy. Compression by other structures in a small space (such as an anatomical tunnel) is a common cause. Examples would include compression of the median nerve in the carpal tunnel, the posterior tibial nerve in the tarsal tunnel, or a spinal nerve root as it travels through an intervertebral foramen. Often there is some reason that the tunnel or space through which the nerve travels has narrowed, and the adjacent structures will compress the nerve. This location, where nerve tissue is immediately adjacent to other tissues that often impinge on it, is referred to as the "mechanical interface."1
Sometimes a compression injury will be caused by an outside mechanical force. For example, the radial nerve is often injured in the axillary region from improperly fitted crutches. Prolonged pressure underneath the axilla from the crutches will compress the radial nerve. Long-distance cyclists often experience a similar problem, termed "handlebar palsy." Handlebar palsy is a compression of the ulnar nerve in the wrist that occurs from long periods of direct pressure on the nerve, when the weight of the upper body is resting on the handlebars.
Tension neuropathies, while not as common as compression neuropathies, are increasingly viewed as important clinical problems. It has been demonstrated that for the body to move properly, the nervous system must have significant mobility. This is especially true in the extremities, in which the nerves must bend around joints and allow for increases in length as the joints bend at sharp angles. If such mobility is compromised, increased tension on the nervous tissue can cause pathological changes.2
Symptoms of compression or tension neuropathies are very similar. In fact, you can't tell the difference in a compression or tension neuropathy simply by the symptoms. In many instances compression and tension neuropathies will exist together. For example, if there is excess compression on the brachial plexus, proper mobility of the nerves of that plexus will be impaired. Therefore these nerves may be subjected to tension neuropathies farther down the arm, because the compression of the brachial plexus has limited the neural mobility.
The most common symptoms of compression and tension neuropathies include pain (often described as sharp, stabbing or electrical in nature); paresthesia (the sensation of pins and needles); numbness; or muscle weakness. These various symptoms will usually be identified with a thorough client interview and detailed physical examination procedures. In future installments of this column, we will look at a number of special tests for evaluating specific nervous system pathologies.
One of the most fascinating aspects of compression and tension neuropathies is something called the double (or multiple) crush phenomenon. This was originally described because a large number of patients with carpal tunnel syndrome also appeared to have brachial plexus neuropathies. The investigators wondered if it was possible that one site of nerve compression might make another site more sensitive and susceptible to compression pathologies. To understand how this occurs, it is helpful to investigate nerve anatomy more closely.
The nerves are not only responsible for transmitting afferent and efferent signals along their length; they are also responsible for moving their own nutrient proteins, which are essential for optimal function. The movement of these nutrient proteins is accomplished through a special type of cytoplasm within the nerve cell called axoplasm (referring to cytoplasm of the axon). The axoplasm moves freely along the entire length of the nerve. If there is a blockage to the flow of the axoplasm (called axoplasmic flow), the nerve tissue distal to that site of compression is nutritionally deprived and more susceptible to injury.
Because of the increased understanding of neural anatomy, the presence of double and multiple crush syndromes has gotten a great deal more attention. Many clinical practitioners are now finding explanations for groups of signs and symptoms that previously didn't make much sense, but are much more easily explained with the idea of the double crush. The massage practitioner whose client may have compression or tension neuropathies is strongly encouraged to study nervous system structure and function more thoroughly. Since many of these neuropathies occur because of soft tissue restriction, there is a great deal that we can often do to help alleviate these problems.
Click here for more information about Whitney Lowe, LMT.
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