resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Forward Head Carriage and the Feet: What's the Connection? (Pt. 2)
Clinical evaluation of standing posture using relatively low-tech tools has been confirmed as valid and reliable by several studies. The original device used to evaluate posture was the plumb line, which served as a reference line for the effects of gravity on body alignment.
Sacroiliac Joint Fusion: Where's the Wisdom?
We should be very skeptical of the purportedly less invasive version of the already defrocked sacroiliac fusion surgery, "minimally invasive" sacroiliac joint fusion; and concerned this procedure simply represents the device manufacturer's attempt to find yet another new market.
Acupuncture Earns BLS Unique Code
The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics recently announced that acupuncturists will have their own unique occupational code in the 2018 BLS Handbook. The new Standard Occupational Code (SOC) is 29-1291, will be included in the next edition of the BLS Occupational Handbook, which will be published in 2018.
Physical Examination in an Evidence-Based World
I have always had a fascination with physical examination procedures, particularly orthopedic tests. The origin of my fascination began just after graduation when I began the chiropractic orthopedics program.
Comparing Costs of Care: DCs, MDs or PTs - Who Costs More?
In a health care era where evidence is increasingly the benchmark for insurance coverage, patient care and even cultural authority, we get plenty of it courtesy of a retrospective cost analysis spanning 10 years, more than 660,000 "covered lives" and nearly 7.5 million claims from Blue Cross Blue Shield of North Carolina.
Concerns Regarding CDC Guidelines for Pain Management
In response to the epidemic rates of opioid and heroin addiction, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) set new guidelines for physicians regarding treatment for pain.
We Get Letters & Email
Our Medicare Challenges Aren't an Education Issue; Passion to Succeed: More Pivotal Than GPA?
Case Study: 2-Year-Old Suffering From Urinary Reflux
A19-month-old female child presented to my office for treatment. Her mother reported the child had been diagnosed with urinary reflux and associated urinary tract infections, recurrent bouts of otitis media and inability to sleep.
Why We Need to Fix the Mechanoreceptors (Part 2)
The muscle spindle, a particular type of mechanoreceptor, is located deep within the muscle belly, encapsulated in fascia made up of intrafusal fibers, all within the extrafusal muscle fibers.
Infertility: Managing Irregular Menses
Infertility is an area where Chinese medicine is particularly helpful. In the main, in women below the age of 38 without organic disturbance, the success rate using TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) should exceed 85%.
Putting POLITE Into Practice
First came the acronym RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation), which eventually became PRICE (Protect, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation). Then in 2015, we started hearing POLICE (Protect, Optimal Loading, Ice, Compression, Elevation).
Dealing with a Pain in the Butt
The patient came into my office with the classic antalgic stoop. She was bent over almost to ninety degrees, leaning on her husband for support and staggering to walk. She had been under supportive care for a long time, but this new pain scared her.
CE Regulations Are Hurting Chiropractic
During my 35 years in the chiropractic profession, I have been forced to attend available continuing-education programs that were occasionally incredibly beneficial, but frequently not worth my time.
NBCE Fumbles Computerized Testing Process
Imagine being a student again, about to take one of the four tests required to become a doctor of chiropractic. You've studied almost nonstop for the past few weeks. You can feel your anxiety level rise as you sit down in front of the computer screen.
University of Bridgeport Acupuncture Students Make Rounds at Sisters of Notre Dame
Nuns are not stereotypical acupuncture patients, Dr. Jennifer Brett acknowledges with a laugh. But then again, acupuncture has gone mainstream, just like cappuccinos and recycling. "It's changed a lot from the '70s and '80s," said Brett.
The Drug Epidemic: Are You Guilty, Too?
Attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has become epidemic among children in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the percentage of school-aged children diagnosed with ADHD has grown from 7.8 percent in 2003 to 11.0 percent in 2011.
Patience vs. Patients
How long have you been in practice? I began my journey more than 20 years ago and opened my first acupuncture clinic in 2008. Just like you, I've learned a lot over the years. Recently, I sat in an interview and was asked what made me successful.
Six Things Every Chiropractor Should Know About Opioids
An increase in addictions and deaths due to opioids has raised significant concern and media attention. We offer this brief overview on this important public health problem for the practicing chiropractor.
The Lung Official
The Lung is known as the "Official Who Receives the Pure Chi From the Heavens." The act of breathing in, known as inspiration, brings oxygen into the body from the atmosphere. Each exhalation or expiration removes and releases carbon dioxide, a waste product of the body, into the atmosphere.
The Most Important Vitamin You've Never Heard Of: K2
Imagine if one in every three patients who walked through your door was afflicted with a debilitating, yet completely preventable and treatable disease.
News in Brief
F4CP MEmbership Milestone Reached; ICA Challenging New California Vaccine Law; TCC Names New President; New Provost at UWS.
Acupuncture's Essential Role
Acupuncture should play a more prominent role in U.S. healthcare during and after this post-Affordable Care Act era when chronic care and population health management are key concerns for all healthcare providers.
Letter to the Editor
On December 7, 1999, the U.S. FDA reclassified the status of acupuncture needles from class III (investigative devices subject to investigative device exemptions...) to class II (special controls).
March, 2001, Vol. 01, Issue 03
Using the Six Divisions
By Barbra Esher, AOBTA CI. Dipl. ABT & Ac. (NCCAOM), LAc
The last article I wrote for Massage Today (www.massagetoday.com/mpacms/mt/article.php?id=10200) was a fairly simple explanation of differentiating and treating headaches using the six divisions.I actually don't think there is an emphasis on the six divisions in many bodywork programs. It would be useful to take a look at them. It's relatively easy to incorporate their principles into your practice. Their connection is one of similarity, rather than yin/yang opposites.
I really like that the Chinese are always figuring out ways of connecting things together, rather than separating them. There has been an emphasis in dissection in the West, so much so that I believe our culture suffers from "over-separation." The mind has been separated from the body; the interchangeable parts of the body are separated from the whole, and the pathology is taken from the larger picture of the disease process. The influence of Chinese medicine and philosophy today has been to reconnect us within our bodies, with each other and with the universe as a whole.
Because of the emphasis in Chinese medicine on making "connections," we find an enormous array of paradigms, all operating at the same time. Plus, the Chinese don't like to throw anything away if it works. They just kept piling many different theories up on top of each other, using whichever theory seems to fit best. This can be incredibly frustrating to Western students, who would like everything to be in black and white.
The yin/yang paradigm is a way of categorizing opposing forces. Yin and yang may be opposites, but they also control one another; are contained in each other; and are supported by and transform into one another. Even though it is common to think of men as yang and women as yin, each gender has a balance of both aspects of yin and yang in them.
The most commonly used meridian pairs in the West are yin/yang. For example, the Gall Bladder (GB) and Liver (Liv) meridians are opposite from each other on the body, and they flow one into the other using yin/yang principles. The GB is the middle aspect of the leg. The end of the GB meridian on the lateral side of the fourth toe connects and transforms into the Liv meridian with an internal pathway to the lateral aspect of the big toe. The GB organ itself is yang meridian, on the outside/yang aspect of the leg. The Liv is, for the most part, the middle yin meridian on the inside/yinyang by the fact that it is simple and hollow; the Liv organ is yin because it is complex and solid.
This is very useful in our practices because we know that, because of the Liv and GB's strong yin/yang relationship, they exert a tremendous influence on one another. Going back to my previous article, using the example of a shaoyang headache in the temple region of the head (GB and TH meridians), we also know that the Liv meridian is involved because of its strong relationship with the GB.
I had a Chinese teacher who would anthropomorphize the meridian yin/yang pairs by calling them "couples." The GB and Liv meridians have a very close relationship: they go everywhere together. You wouldn't think of having a party and inviting GB but not Liv. They seem quite harmonious together and often share chores, like headaches!
I like to take that analogy one step further and look at the six divisions as "couples" as well. The Heart (HT) and Small Intestine (SI) meridians form a pair, but frankly, I don't think they do much for each other. They are rarely involved in the same pathology, and they don't seem to have a very strong relationship at all. They may help each other out in a pinch, but to be honest with you, if the SI meridian has a problem, the Bladder (BL) is where it's going to go for help. The strength of the six divisions lies in their similarity. The SI/BL are a pair, very much a couple. They both are on the aspect of the back of our bodies. The bladder provides our armor down our backs; the SI gives us a similar protection in the back of our shoulders. The BL is on the, posterior lateral aspect of our leg; the SI is on the , posterior lateral aspect of our arm. Their function is also both in that they create our structure and move us forward. We saw in the last article that a headache is located in the back of the neck, so we work on both SI and BL points to treat it. This principle can also work for problems further along the meridian. When a client comes to me with knots between the shoulder blades (BL meridian points), I hold the most painful point () that feels like a "Gummy Bear," then palpate the SI meridian starting at SI 15 and working against the flow all the way to the little finger, SI 1. By the time I finish, the painful knot has usually melted away! We also saw in my previous article that a headache (located on the side of the head) can be treated with the GB and Triple Heater (TH) meridians. They have a relationship. The GB meridian is the middle meridian on the outside of the leg; the TH meridian is the middle meridian on the outside of the arm. They are both on the side of the body, and they move us from side to side. helps us differentiate, "Should I go here or there?"
As you might suspect, pain even further down the GB meridian, such as in the rib area, can also be relieved by palpating the TH meridian, particularly TH 5 and TH 6. When my mother had shingles, pressing TH points offered her a wonderful reprieve from the pain. These points were also much easier for her to do herself, rather than GB points on her feet.
The meridians connection, Large Intestine (LI) and Stomach (ST), is one of similarities as well, being located on the anterior lateral/ aspects of our arms and legs, respectively. is responsible for the action of reaching out to grasp. You'll remember that you this principle one step further in the example of treating constipation. You would think first of the LI meridian for this problem, but vigorously pressing sore/ points on the stomach meridian, particularly between the knee and ankle, tend to be even more effective for constipation.
When you are exploring the body, any connection can be useful, or, as folk singer Ani Difranco says, "There is strength in our differences and comfort where we overlap." We see in any relationship, a balance of commonalities and differences that compliment each other. This goes beyond gender and traditional roles. We also see a balance of similarities and polarities in both meridian pair models as well. Yin/yang meridian pairs are opposite but grouped under the same element. Six division pairs also have polarity, in the fact that one is always yin or yang in relationship to the other. For example, in taiyang, SI is fire, which is yang in relationship to the bladder, which is water. Of course, each meridian has a balance of yin, yang and the five elements within, much as we do as individuals.
There are of course three yin/yin meridian pairs that are also useful, not so much for superficial pain but for deeper, emotional or organ-related issues. There is a psychological aspect of the six division meridian pairs that could be the topic of a whole other article, if not an entire book. There is also an application of the six divisions in treating febrile disease. This is just a taste. Learn more.
Click here for previous articles by Barbra Esher, AOBTA CI. Dipl. ABT & Ac. (NCCAOM), LAc.
Join the conversation
Comments are encouraged, but you must follow our User Agreementcomments powered by Disqus
Keep it civil and stay on topic. No profanity, vulgar, racist or hateful comments or personal attacks. Anyone who chooses to exercise poor judgement will be blocked. By posting your comment, you agree to allow MPA Media the right to republish your name and comment in additional MPA Media publications without any notification or payment.