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A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
Let's Talk About Biceps Injuries at the Elbow
While most muscles cross over only one joint, the biceps crosses two joints: the elbow and the shoulder. Injuries to the lower biceps cause considerable elbow pain. Here's how to assess and treat an injury to this area conservatively.
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
Code Connection: Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
January, 2001, Vol. 01, Issue 01
By Kate Jordan, NCTMB
Many massage therapists are confused and uncertain about the appropriateness of accepting pregnant clients who are in high-risk pregnancies. Who can be harmed? Can massage therapy and bodywork be useful and beneficial in a high-risk pregnancy? Are there techniques to avoid?
A high-risk pregnancy is one in which the mother or baby has a greater chance of injury or death.About 5-10% of all pregnancies in the U.S. fit in this category.
Prenatal care for women in this situation may include more extensive testing, more frequent prenatal visits, medications, and bed rest.
A woman may be identified as high risk because of her age (under 15 or over 35), family history, medical condition, or complications that develop in her pregnancy. Therapists should include a question about risk status in intake forms for pregnant clients, or in initial phone contacts. If a client indicates that she is considered to be high risk, it is essential to communicate with, and secure a release from, her prenatal health care provider, who will be a doctor, nurse-midwife, or lay midwife. Such a release asks the health care provider to approve massage therapy, and also list any precautions or limitations in massage procedures. I find it easiest to fax a release form to the doctor's office, or ask my client to hand-deliver it on her next prenatal visit.
When working with a high-risk pregnant client, it becomes even more important to observe basic precautions and contraindications for bodywork in pregnancy. Some clients may have been restricted by their health care providers in the positions they are allowed to take. This can include no sitting or prone or supine positioning, or lying on either the left or right sides. When no specific restrictions have been given, side-lying positioning is the safest, offers the greatest comfort, and increases blood flow to the heart. Side-lying is also the most common position a high-risk client on bed rest will be asked to assume.
Therapists should also modify bodywork modalities used on the legs in pregnancy. Fibrinolytic changes in pregnant women's blood makes blood clots more likely to develop. These clots can develop in both superficial and deep veins in the legs, and are not always detected by common tests. Therapists should avoid using techniques that involve deep pressure and friction on the legs. This includes, but is not limited to, deep acupressure, shiatsu, cross-fiber friction, deep tissue massage, and all percussive movement. In addition, all techniques on the legs, except for the lightest effleurage, should be directed toward the heart, since hormonal changes in pregnancy weaken the valves in veins.
Therapists should restrict abdominal massage with high-risk pregnancies to light touch, and should avoid touching the abdomen entirely in the first trimester. Since 80% of miscarriages occur in the first trimester (1-13 weeks), it is wise for a therapist to avoid even the appearance of possible contribution to the loss of a baby.
When a mother knows that her pregnancy is high risk, or develops a complication that puts her in that category, she may experience anxiety, fear, and guilt. This increased stress can further endanger the successful outcome of her pregnancy.
Massage therapy is especially appropriate for the high-risk mother, since it promotes relaxation, reduces anxiety, supports the physiology of the pregnancy, and can relieve the discomfort and muscle strain that develop when a mother is placed on bed rest. Recent research has shown that massage in pregnancy decreases the incidence of prematurity or other complications in labor.
When in doubt about the appropriateness of specific techniques for a high-risk pregnancy, therapists should consult experts in that modality, or err on the side of caution. Observing guidelines on client positioning and use of modalities will enable the therapist to provide the high-risk pregnancy client with a safe, enjoyable, and therapeutic bodywork experience.
There is a need to understand and address the unique health concerns of women. This column will continue to explore issues of particular interest in massage therapy and bodywork for women, including reproductive health, sexuality, body image and eating disorders, pain syndromes, osteoporosis, and aging.
Click here for previous articles by Kate Jordan, NCTMB.
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